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Myalgia

Myalgia
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 M79.1
ICD-9 729.1
DiseasesDB 22895
MedlinePlus 003178
NCI Myalgia
Patient UK Myalgia

Myalgia, or muscle pain, is a symptom of many diseases and disorders. The most common causes are the overuse or over-stretching of a muscle or group of muscles. Myalgia without a traumatic history is often due to viral infections. Longer-term myalgias may be indicative of a metabolic myopathy, some nutritional deficiencies or chronic fatigue syndrome.

Causes

The most common causes of myalgia are overuse, injury or strain. However, myalgia can also be caused by diseases, disorders, medications, or as a response to a vaccination. It is also a sign of acute rejection after heart transplant surgery.

The most common causes are:

  • Injury or trauma, including sprains, hematoma
  • Overuse: using a muscle too much, too often, including protecting a separate injury
  • Chronic tension

Muscle pain occurs with:

Overuse

Overuse of a muscle is using it too much, too soon and/or too often.[1] Examples are:

Injury

The most common causes of myalgia by injury are: sprains and strains.[1]

Autoimmune

Multiple sclerosis (neurologic pain interpreted as muscular), Myalgic Encephalomyelitis, Myositis, Lupus erythematosus, Familial Mediterranean fever, Polyarteritis nodosa, Devic's disease, Morphea, Sarcoidosis

Metabolic defect

Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency, Conn's syndrome, Adrenal insufficiency, Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism

Other

Chronic fatigue syndrome aka Myalgic Encephalomyelitis, Channelopathy, Ehlers Danlos Syndrome, Stickler Syndrome, Hypokalemia, Hypotonia (Low Muscle Tone), Exercise intolerance, Mastocytosis, Peripheral neuropathy, Eosinophilia myalgia syndrome, Fibromyalgia, Barcoo Fever, Herpes, Hemochromatosis aka Iron Overload Disorder, Delayed onset muscle soreness, AIDS, HIV, Tumor-induced osteomalacia, Postorgasmic illness syndrome, Hypovitaminosis D[2]

Withdrawal syndrome from certain drugs

Sudden cessation of high-dose corticosteroids, opioids, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, caffeine or alcohol can induce myalgia in many respects.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b MedlinePlus
  2. ^ Glueck, Charles (August 30, 2013). North American Journal of Medical Sciences 5 (8): 494-495. doi:10.4103/1947-2714.117325 http://www.najms.org/article.asp?issn=1947-2714;year=2013;volume=5;issue=8;spage=494;epage=495;aulast=Glueck.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links

ja:筋肉痛