|A||B||A NAND B|
In digital electronics, a NAND gate (negative-AND) is a logic gate which produces an output that is false only if all its inputs are true; thus its output is complement to that of the AND gate. A LOW (0) output results only if both the inputs to the gate are HIGH (1); if one or both inputs are LOW (0), a HIGH (1) output results. It is made using transistors. By De Morgan's theorem, AB=A+B, a NAND gate is equivalent to inverters followed by an OR gate.
Digital systems employing certain logic circuits take advantage of NAND's functional completeness.
The function NAND(a1, a2, ..., an) is logically equivalent to NOT(a1 AND a2 AND ... AND an).
There are three symbols for NAND gates: the MIL/ANSI symbol, the IEC symbol and the deprecated DIN symbol sometimes found on old schematics. For more information see logic gate symbols. The ANSI symbol for the NAND gate is a standard AND gate with an inversion bubble connected.
|File:NAND ANSI Labelled.svg||File:NAND IEC.svg||File:NAND DIN.svg|
|MIL/ANSI Symbol||IEC Symbol||DIN Symbol|
Hardware description and pinout
These devices are available from most semiconductor manufacturers such as Fairchild Semiconductor, Philips or Texas Instruments. These are usually available in both through-hole DIL and SOIC format. Datasheets are readily available in most datasheet databases.
The standard 2-, 3-, 4- and 8-input NAND gates are available:
- 4011: Quad 2-input NAND gate
- 4023: Triple 3-input NAND gate
- 4012: Dual 4-input NAND gate
- 4068: Mono 8-input NAND gate
- 7400: Quad 2-input NAND gate
- 7410: Triple 3-input NAND gate
- 7420: Dual 4-input NAND gate
- 7430: Mono 8-input NAND gate
The NAND gate has the property of functional completeness. That is, any other logic function (AND, OR, etc.) can be implemented using only NAND gates. An entire processor can be created using NAND gates alone. In TTL ICs using multiple-emitter transistors, it also requires fewer transistors than a NOR gate.
|File:NAND from NOR.svg|
- AND gate
- OR gate
- NOT gate
- NOR gate
- XOR gate
- XNOR gate
- Boolean algebra
- Logic gate
- NAND logic
- Digital electronics
- Mano, M. Morris and Charles R. Kime. Logic and Computer Design Fundamentals, Third Edition. Prentice Hall, 2004. p. 73.
- TTL NAND and AND gates - All About Circuits
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