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This page is a soft redirect.Source #1: Meteo France
The Nantes metropolitan area (Nantes Métropole) is the intercommunal structure connecting the city of Nantes with nearby suburbs. It had a 1999 population of 554,478, 48.7% of which comprised the city of Nantes. The current mayor of Nantes is Johanna Rolland, (PS), elected on 4 April 2014. Over the years, and like most of Western France, Nantes has solidified itself as a Socialist stronghold.
Since 1995, Nantes has been divided into 11 neighbourhoods, each resembling a historic city quarter. Each of these neighbourhoods is controlled by a Comité Consultatif (Consultative Committee), comprising directly elected officials and a team of municipal members, similar to a New England board of selectmen. These neighbourhoods are:
Nantes and Brittany
Historically, the country around Nantes (French: Le Pays Nantais; Breton: Bro Naoned; Gallo: Paeï de Nàntt) was always seen as being part of Brittany. In 1207, the Dukes of Brittany made Nantes their home, building the Castle of the Dukes of Brittany on the banks of the Loire. Most of the dukes and duchesses were buried in either the cathedral or the nearby abbeys.
In 1789, the separation of the historical provinces of France resulted in Brittany being split in five; the lower of the five, Loire-Inférieure (today Loire-Atlantique) was where Nantes was situated. As such, Brittany as an administrative region did not exist during the 19th and early 20th centuries, although it did still exist culturally and informally. When regional regroupments during the 20th century resulted in the reinstatement of the regions, Loire-Atlantique found itself split from the other four départements by the Vichy regime in 1941; a new région had been created centred on Nantes, the Pays de la Loire.
Much debate surrounding this move persists. Those against (sometimes called the Breton militants) maintain that the separation was made by a non-democratically elected government, and that Loire-Atlantique is culturally, historically and geographically united to Brittany; those in favour argue that any reunification would reopen a "quarrel of the capitals" between Nantes and Rennes, and that it would be fatal to the Pays de la Loire région.
The issue of language is also relevant; in Upper Brittany (locally called Bretagne Gallèse or Haute Bretagne) Romance languages especially the local Gallo, as well as French, have long had more influence than Breton. However, in many large cities, including Nantes and Saint-Brieuc, the Breton language has sometimes been spoken more widely than Gallo by the very urban and bourgeois population there (even though in Le Pays Nantais the opposite was true). In recent years, many bilingual plaques have appeared on tourist attractions in the city, with the help of the Ofis ar Brezhoneg (French: Office de la Langue Bretonne; Office of the Breton Language).
Most recently, on 15 May 2004, a hastily organized demonstration in Nantes calling for the reunification of Brittany attracted 6,000 participants, while in five surveys on the issue, between 62% and 75% of the population of Loire-Atlantique have come out in favour of reunification.
Colleges and universities
The first organized omnibus transit system within a city appears to have originated in Nantes in 1826. The Nantes Tramway originally began operation in 1879, but the first generation network closed in 1958. A new generation of tramway was re-introduced in 1985, and the current network is now one of the largest and most efficient in France.
The current network operated by Semitan includes three tramway lines, one Busway line, two Navibus lines, an extensive bus network with 56 lines, a night bus network and an airport shuttle bus labeled "Navette Aéroport" between downtown Nantes and Nantes Atlantique Airport. Additionally, Semitan has an exclusive agreement with French national train operator SNCF to allow TAN passengers ride suburban trains within the urban area limits with a valid TAN ticket or pass. Long distance travel throughout the Loire-Atlantique département is operated by Lila (run by the Loire-Atlantique council), which runs inter urban buses. All transport modes share a common ticketing system within Nantes Métrople (with the exception of Lila buses) and there are no travel zones on the TAN network and suburban trains (within the Métropole).
The Nantes built-up area's inhabitants make about 2 million journeys a day. So as to ensure all its inhabitants of mobility while at the same time conserving its environment, Nantes Métropole provides efficient complementary modes of travel, public transport in particular. Furthermore, Nantes Métropole provides soft mode of transport: bicycles.
- Bicloo: 790 self-service bikes and 89 stations in central Nantes.
- City by bike: in partnership with NGE, rent a bike at the car parks.
- Velocampus: over 300 bikes for hire for students.
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Nantes Métropole is also taking part in the bid process of Velo-city 2015 under the guidance of the European Cyclist Federation.
Nantes railway station lies on a number of rail lines. Nantes is connected by TGV (high speed train) to Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Lille, and Strasbourg, with trains to Paris via the LGV Atlantique taking just over 2 hours. By Corail, Nantes is connected to Quimper, La Rochelle, Bordeaux, Lyon, and Toulouse. The regional trains and buses of the TER Pays de la Loire provide links to Saint-Nazaire, Angers, Le Mans, La Roche sur Yon, and many other regional cities.
Nantes was formerly a major commercial harbor, with facilities on River Loire in Quai de la Fosse and the west side of the Île de Nantes in downtown. Much of the commercial traffic has since migrated downstream, principally to the area around Saint-Nazaire, although the river remains navigable to ocean-going ships as far as Nantes. River cruises operate on both the Loire and its tributary the Erdre. The Tan network also includes two urban water bus routes on both rivers known as Navibus.
Nantes Atlantique Airport, located Script error: No such module "convert". to the south-west of the city center, serves the city and surrounding areas. It is the biggest airport in western France, linking with several French and European cities, as well as Montreal in Canada and some northern Africa cities. The planning of a larger airport Aéroport du Grand Ouest, that will be situated Script error: No such module "convert". to the north-west of Nantes in the commune of Notre-Dame-des-Landes is subject to a controversy, the actual airport being far to be saturated and the new one destroying a wetland sheltering endangered species. The €580 million project keeps being delayed.
- Cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Nantes - façade.jpg
Sainte-Croix church and its belfry
- Musée Dobrée.JPG
Thomas Dobrée museum]]
- Château des Ducs de Bretagne.jpg
Château des Ducs de Bretagne seen from the courtyard
- Nantes - Porte Saint-Pierre 02.jpg
Porte Saint-Pierre facing place Maréchal Foch
- Passage Pommeraye noel 2007.jpg
Passage Pommeraye decorated for the Christmas period
- Nantes 2005 5.jpg
Jardin des plantes of Nantes
- LU Nantes 3.JPG
Nantes has many churches, among which the most famous are:
- Cathédrale Saint-Pierre et Saint-Paul (colloquially called "Cathédrale Saint-Pierre").
- Église Notre-Dame de Bon-Port (also known as Basilica of Saint-Louis).
- Basilique Saint-Nicolas (Basilica of Saint-Nicolas, erected in 1844).
- Église Sainte-Croix (once designed as the chapel of Bouffay castle built during medieval times, then destroyed in the 19th century).
- Église Saint-Clément.
- Église Saint-Similien.
- Église Saint-Donatien et Saint-Rogatien.
- Église Saint-Félix (former bishop of Nantes).
- Église Sainte-Thérèse (made out of red bricks in its entirety).See The works of Jean Fréour
- Église Saint-Pasquier.
Foreign worship places
- Saint-Basile-and-saint-Alexis orthodox church.
- Mosquée Arrahma
- Mosquée des Turcs de Nantes
- Mosquée Assalam
- Synagogue de Nantes
- Bouffay district, with its place Bouffay is the city's medieval and oldest district close to the castle and the cathedral.
- Place du Commerce, the city's main square with the Palais de la Bourse on it.
- Place Royale, a historical square with a large fountain in its center representing the Loire river.
- Place Graslin, a historic square featuring the Théâtre Graslin and world famous brasserie La Cigale.
- Place Général Mellinet.
- Place Maréchal Foch, a historical square with the statue of Louis XVI erected on a pillar in its center.
- Crebillon and Orleans streets, avenues lined with luxury boutiques linked to each other by Place Royale.
- Île Feydeau.
- Marché de Talensac (Talensac market), the oldest and main public market.
- Quai de la Fosse, the historical harbor of Nantes.
- The west part of Île de Nantes, a former shipyard turned into a leisure and cultural site including the Machines of the Isle of Nantes public attractions and some warehouses turned into bars, restaurants and night clubs.
- Quartier de la creation (creation district), on the Isle of Nantes close to the Machines of the Isle of Nantes.
- Musée d'histoire de Nantes (Nantes history museum), located inside the Château des Ducs de Bretagne.
- Musée d'Art de Nantes (Nantes' Art museum), reopening in 2018.
- Musée Thomas Dobrée (Thomas Dobrée archaeological museum), close to place Graslin and reopening in 2016.
- Muséum d'histoire naturelle de Nantes (Nantes' natural history museum) close to place Graslin and Thomas Dobrée museum.
- Musée Jules Verne, world famous novel writer Jules Verne's museum, on butte Sainte-Anne.
- Planetarium of Nantes, close to Jules Verne museum on butte Saint-Anne.
- Mémorial de l'abolition de l'esclavage (slavery abolition memorial), opened in March 2012. Nantes used to be France's main slave trading harbor, this memorial celebrates the ending of slavery.
- Musée naval Maillé-Brézé (naval museum).
- Musée des compagnons du devoir, the Pays de la Loire regional contemporary art collection located inside the "manoir de la Hautière" in Chantenay.
- Musée de l'imprimerie (print and typography museum).
- Musée de la Machine à coudre (sewing machine museum).
- Musée des sapeurs-pompiers (firefighters museum).
- Musée de la poste (post museum).
Monuments and landmarks
- Château des Ducs de Bretagne (castle of the Dukes of Brittany). The castle hosts the History Museum of the City of Nantes.
- Théâtre Graslin, an 18th-century theater and opera house.
- Porte Saint-Pierre, the best preserved remnant of the former battlements of the medieval city.
- Passage Pommeraye, built from 1841 to 1843 is a historical shopping mall on three levels.
- Maison des Apothicaires, a 15th-century timber frame large house.
- Couvent de la Visitation, a historical convent built in 1616.
- Historical brasserie La Cigale, is an Art Nouveau designed brasserie opened in 1895, and described by Jean-Louis Trintignant as "perhaps the most beautiful brasserie in the world".
- Tour LU, an Art Nouveau tower standing at the entrance of the former famous Lefèvre-Utile biscuit factory. Its twin tower was destroyed during the war.
- Cours Cambronne, a historical promenade garden close to place Graslin.
- Palais de la Bourse, the historical Nantes stock exchange which now houses a branch of FNAC.
- Sainte-Croix belfry, attached to Église Sainte-Croix.
- Tour Bretagne, a 37 stories office skyscraper built in 1976 in place Bretagne, which has become a popular landmark in the city. An observation deck is opened to visitors and offers a 360 degrees view of the city.
Parks and gardens
- Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes' largest sports stadium and home of FC Nantes football club.
- Parc des expositions de la Beaujoire, the city's exhibition center.
- La Cité Nantes Events Center.
Nantes has several cinemas including:
- Katorza, close to place Graslin.
- Concorde, close to place Émile Zola.
- Le Cinématographe, the oldest cinema in Nantes.
- Bonne Garde.
- Gaumont Nantes, located on Place du Commerce.
- Pathé Atlantis, Nantes biggest cinema in the Atlantis commercial zone in Saint-Herblain.
- UGC Ciné Cité Atlantis in Saint-Herblain.
- Cinéville in Saint-Sébastien-sur-Loire.
- Ciné Pole Sud in Basse-Goulaine.
Nantes hosts a variety of cultural events, among which:
- Estuaire, a contemporary art exhibition that takes place every two years between Nantes and Saint-Nazaire (along the Loire estuary).
- Les Rendez-vous de l'Erdre, a jazz festival centered around the Erdre river.
- Les rencontres du fleuve, a festival centered around ships and the river.
- Le Festival Eidos du film d'environnement et de développement durable, a cinema festival themed around the environment and sustainability.
- The Festival des trois continents, dedicated to African, Asian and South American cinema.
- La Folle Journée, a classical music festival,
- Les Utopiales, international science fiction convention,
- The Festival Voisinages, various theatre performances (Théâtre du Grand T, Théâtre universitaire de Nantes, salle Onyx de Saint-Herblain).
Music and artistic creation
There are quite a few bands from Nantes who play different genres but are not well known outside of France.
- The Celtic band Tri Yann was originally known as Tri Yann an Naoned (the three Johns from Nantes).
- The DJ group C2C, champion of the Disco Mix Club World Team DJ Championship four years in a row (2003–2006) is native of Nantes.
- The Hip Hop group Hocus Pocus is from Nantes.
- 20-year-old electropop producer Madeon is a native of Nantes.
- Depth Affect is from Nantes.
To see a list of Bands from Nantes, see Rock à Nantes.
Royal de Luxe street theater company, famous for its performance featuring giant puppets, is based in Nantes.
Specialties from Nantes include:
- Muscadet, a white French wine.
- Beurre blanc (white butter) also called "beurre Nantais" is a butter sauce created by Clémence Lefeuvre.
- Galettes, which are a heavier, less sweet version of the crepe, are traditional fare in Upper Brittany, the region in which Nantes historically sits. Galettes can be eaten at any time of the day, feature buckwheat flour, and are usually filled with meat, eggs, cheese, or a variety of other things. However, they are much less of a dessert food than the traditional crepes.
- Curé Nantais, a French cheese.
- Berlingot nantais, a French candy created during the 19th century.
- Petit beurre, a biscuit produced by LU.
- Petit Beurre LU.JPG
Petit beurre biscuit produced by LU
- Galissonnière Muscadet 2007.jpg
The local football team is FC Nantes, members of the Championnat de France de Ligue 1 for the 2014-15 season. Since its creation in 1943, the club has gained reputation for its offensive style of play, locally named "jeu a la nantaise", and captured 8 Championnat titles and 3 Coupes de France.
Former players include Didier Deschamps, Marcel Desailly, Christian Karembeu and Fabien Barthez who were members of the France team that won the 1998 World Cup. Other notable players are Maxime Bossis, Philippe Gondet, Henri Michel, Claude Makélélé and Mickaël Landreau.
FC Nantes holds several records in the history of French professional football, including most consecutive seasons in the elite (44), most wins in a season (26), season invincibility (32 games) and all-time home invincibility (92 games, nearly 5 years). No French player has ever scored more goals than Philippe Gondet in a single season (36 in 1965–1966).
Local television channels
Newspapers for sale:
- Anne of Brittany, Duchess of Brittany and Queen of France (only woman to have married two kings of France, Charles VIII and Louis XII)
- François Bégaudeau, writer, journalist and actor
- René Berthelot (? – 1664), French actor and prominent member of Molière's theatre troupe
- Louis-Albert Bourgault-Ducoudray, composer and professor (Prix de Rome laureate)
- Claire Bretécher, cartoonist
- Aristide Briand, French statesman (1926 Nobel Peace Prize laureate)
- Claude Cahun (born Lucy Schwob), photographer and author
- Pierre Cambronne, general (commander of the Old Guard at Waterloo)
- Jacques Cassard, corsair
- Jeanne Cherhal, singer and songwriter
- Jacques Demy, movie director
- Manu Feildel, French chef/culinary contest juge, now lives in Australia, judge of My Kitchen Rules.
- Jean Graton, cartoonist
- Linda Hardy, actress and model (Miss France 1992)
- Christophe-Léon-Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, general and politician (commander of the Papal army)
- Paul Ladmirault, composer
- Paul de la Gironière, traveler
- Denys de La Patellière, film director and scriptwriter
- Julien de Lallande Poydras, New Orleans member of the United States House of Representatives
- Charles-Auguste Lebourg, sculptor
- Hugo Leclercq aka Madeon, music producer
- Joseph Malègue, novelist
- Suzanne Malherbe (aka Marcel Moore), illustrator and designer
- Patrice Martin, water skier (12-time world champion)
- Anna Mouglalis, actress
- Jules Edouard Roiné, sculptor and medallist
- Benoit Regent, actor
- Claude Sérillon, journalist
- Éric Tabarly, sailor
- Sylvie Tellier, model (Miss France 2002)
- Jérémy Toulalan, football player
- Jules Verne, author of the some of the best-selling books in history
- Sandrine Voillet, art historian and television presenter
- Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau, politician
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (March 2015)|
Twin towns – Sister cities
Nantes is twinned or has sister city relations with:
The city has also built close ties with:
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- group="Breaking the Silence, Learning about the Transatlantic Slave Trade website, is a joint initiative between UNESCO, Anti-Slavery International, the British Council and the Norwegian Agency for Development Co-operation (NORAD).">Smith, Zns. "Nantes Slave Port". Retrieved 9 January 2013.
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- [dead link]
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- http://www.hsminternational.net/loireatlantique.htm Loire-Atlantique guide
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- "DMC website". Dmcworld.com. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
- Nantes Passion
- Le Mois Nantais
- "Pulsomatic - Agenda des spectacles et concerts à Nantes - Actu disques et musiques, théâtre et Danse, 44". pulsomatic.com.
- "La lettre à Lulu". La lettre à Lulu.
- "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11.
- "Home page of Cardiff Council – Cardiff's twin cities". Cardiff Council. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- "Tbilisi Sister Cities". Tbilisi City Hall. Archived from the original on 2013-07-24. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
|40x40px||Look up Nantes#Translations in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
|40x40px||Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Nantes.|
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nantes.|
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- (TAN) Nantes public transports official website Invalid language code.
- Nantes Atlantique international airport website Invalid language code.
- Official website of Nantes' Castle Invalid language code.
- Photo Gallery of Nantes
- Local websites
- Nantes Metropole
- Nantes Métropole Développement
- La ville de Nantes
- Garde d'enfants à Nantes
- L'office de tourisme
- L'aéroport de Nantes
- Université de Nantes
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