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Open Access Articles- Top Results for National Council (Switzerland)

National Council (Switzerland)

National Council
Nationalrat  (language?)
Conseil National  (language?)
Consiglio Nazionale  (language?)
Cussegl Naziunal  (language?)
100px
Type
Type
Leadership
Ruedi LustenbergerCVP/PDC
since 25 November 2013
First Vice President
Stéphane RossiniSPS/PSS
since 25 November 2013
First Vice President councillor
Christa MarkwalderFDP/PLR
since 25 November 2013
Structure
Seats 200
250px
Political groups

Government parties (167)

  •      SVP 54
  •      SP 46
  •      FDP 30
  •      CVP 28
  •      BDP 9

Opposition parties (33)

Elections
Party-list proportional representation
Hagenbach-Bischoff system
Last election
23 October 2011
Next election
18 October 2015
Meeting place
File:Nationalratssaal Wintersession 2006.jpg
Federal Palace of Switzerland, Bern
Website
http://www.parliament.ch/

The National Council (German: Nationalrat, French: Conseil National, Italian: Consiglio Nazionale, Romansh: Cussegl Naziunal) is the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Switzerland. With 200 seats, it is the larger of the two houses.

Members are elected by adult citizens, along with the Swiss Council of States. 4.6 million citizens were eligible to vote in 2003. The members, called 'National Councillors', serve four-year terms.

Proportional voting

Each of Switzerland's 26 cantons is a constituency. The number of deputies for each constituency depends on the canton's population, but each canton has at least one deputy.

Each citizen can vote for as many candidates as there are deputies in the canton. A voter cannot give more than two votes to the same candidate. Each voter can choose candidates of multiple parties.

Fictional voter

To determine a party's strength, the notion of "fictional voter" was introduced and is defined by the Swiss Federal Statistical Institute as: number of votes obtained by party A * (number of valid ballots / number of valid votes). Individual voters can choose to make fewer than the permissible number of votes. The number of valid votes / number of valid ballots closely match the number of deputies a canton needs to elect. More exactly, this number represents the average number of valid votes per voter. The formula can then be summed up by: number of votes obtained by party A / average of valid votes per voters.

The result is the number of fictional voters for a given party in a given canton. A total number of fictional voters can then be established and the party strength can be deduced.

The number of deputies in each party is determined at the cantonal level using proportional representation with the Hagenbach-Bischoff system (except in single-member cantons.) The election's turnout is computed as: number of valid ballots cast / number of registered voters.

2011 election

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The National Council election in 2011 resulted in the strengthening of the political center and the reversing of the trend towards polarisation in Swiss politics that took place during the 1990s and 2000s. During this election, centrist parties gained about 7% of the popular vote, with the right pole losing 3.6% and the left pole losing 3.5%. Voter turnout was 48.5%, compared to 48.3% in 2007.

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This page is a soft redirect.+ e • d Summary of the 23 October 2011 National Council of Switzerland election results
Parties Abbr. Alignment Ideology Votes[1]  % +/– (%) Seats  % +/– (seats)
Swiss People's Party SVP/UDC Right-wing National conservatism 648,675 26.6 −2.3 54 27.0 −8
Social Democratic Party SPS/PSS Left Social democracy 457,317 18.7 −0.8 46 23.0 +3
FDP.The Liberals FDP/PLR Centre-right Classical liberalism 368,951 15.1 −2.5 30 15.0 −5
Christian Democratic People's Party CVP/PDC Centre-right Christian democracy 300,544 12.3 −2.2 28 14.0 −3
Green Party GPS/PES Centre-left Green politics 205,984 8.4 −1.2 15 7.5 −5
Conservative Democratic Party BDP/PBD Centre-right Conservatism / Economic liberalism 132,279 5.4 New 9 4.5 New
Green Liberal Party GLP/PVL Centre Green liberalism 131,436 5.4 +4.0 12 6.0 +9
Evangelical People's Party EVP/PEV Centre Christian democracy 48,789 2.0 −0.4 2 1.0 ±0
Federal Democratic Union EDU/UDF Right-wing Christian right 31,056 1.3 ±0 0 0 −1
Alternative Left (Party of Labour, solidaritéS) LIN/GAU Left-wing Socialism / communism 21,482 0.9 −0.2 0 0 −1
Ticino League LdT Right-wing Regionalism / Right-wing populism 19,657 0.8 +0.3 2 1.0 +1
Geneva Citizens' Movement MCG Right-wing Regionalism / Right-wing populism 10,714 0.4 +0.3 1 0.5 +1
Christian Social Party CSP/PCS Centre-left Christian left 6,248 0.3 -0.2 1 0.5 ±0
Other 54,622 2.2 0 0
Total (turnout 48.5%) 2,442,648 200
Source: Swiss Federal Statistical Office Invalid language code.

Committees

  • Foreign Affairs Committee (FAC)
  • Committee for Science, Education and Culture (CSEC)
  • Committee for Social Security and Health (CSSH)
  • Committee for the Environment, Spatial Planning and Energy (CESPE)
  • Defence Committee (DefC)
  • Committee for Transportation and Telecommunications (CTT)
  • Committee for Economic Affairs and Taxation (CEAT)
  • Political Institutions Committees (PIC)
  • Committee for Legal Affairs (CLA)
  • Committee for Public Buildings (CPB)

Supervisory committees

  • Finance Committee (FC)
  • Control Committees (CC)
  • Parliamentary investigation committees (PIC)

Other committees

  • Committee on Pardons
  • Rehabilitation Committee
  • Drafting Committee
  • Judicial Committee

Members per canton

File:Wähleranteil NR-CH 1919-2011.png
Development of composition of the Swiss National Council, 1919-2011
Abbr Canton Number of Seats Population (2009) Population per seat
ZH 23x15px Zurich 34 1,406,083 41,355
BE 23x15px Bern 26 985,046 37,886
LU 23x15px Lucerne 10 381,966 38,197
UR 23x15px Uri 1 35,382 35,382
SZ 23x15px Schwyz 4 147,904 36,976
OW 23x15px Obwalden 1 35,878 35,878
NW 23x15px Nidwalden 1 41,311 41,311
GL 23x15px Glarus 1 39,217 39,217
ZG 23x15px Zug 3 113,597 37,866
FR 23x15px Fribourg 7 284,668 40,667
SO 23x15px Solothurn 7 259,836 37,119
BS 23x15px Basel-Stadt 5 194,090 38,818
BL 23x15px Basel-Landschaft 7 277,973 39,710
SH 23x15px Schaffhausen 2 77,139 38,570
AR 23x15px Appenzell Ausserrhoden 1 53,313 53,313
AI 23x15px Appenzell Innerrhoden 1 15,789 15,789
SG 23x15px St. Gallen 12 483,101 40,258
GR 23x15px Graubünden 5 193,388 38,678
AG 23x15px Aargau 15 624,681 41,645
TG 23x15px Thurgau 6 254,528 42,421
TI 23x15px Ticino 8 336,943 42,118
VD 23x15px Vaud 18 725,944 40,330
VS 23x15px Valais 7 317,022 45,289
NE 23x15px Neuchâtel 5 173,183 34,637
GE 23x15px Geneva 11 472,530 42,957
JU 23x15px Jura 2 70,542 35,271

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ These numbers represent fictional voters. See National Council for more details.