Adverts

Open Access Articles- Top Results for Nisyros

Nisyros

<tr class="mergedbottomrow"><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center">

Coordinates: 36°35′N 27°10′E / 36.583°N 27.167°E / 36.583; 27.167Coordinates: 36°35′N 27°10′E / 36.583°N 27.167°E / 36.583; 27.167{{#coordinates:36|35|N|27|10|E|type:city_region:GR|| |primary |name= }}</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Country</th><td> Greece</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Administrative region</th><td> South Aegean</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Regional unit</th><td> Kos</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Area</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Municipality</th><td> 50.06 km2 (19.33 sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Highest elevation</th><td> 698 m (2,290 ft)</td></tr><tr class="mergedbottomrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Lowest elevation</th><td> 0 m (0 ft)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Population (2011)[1]</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Municipality</th><td> 1,008</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Municipality density</th><td> 20/km2 (52/sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Community</th></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Time zone</th><td> EET (UTC+2)</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Summer (DST)</th><td> EEST (UTC+3)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Postal code</th><td class="adr"> 853 03</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Area code(s)</th><td> 22420</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Vehicle registration</th><td> ΚΧ, ΡΟ, ΡΚ</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Website</th><td> www.nisyros.gr</td></tr></table>

Nisyros (Greek: Νίσυρος) is a volcanic Greek island and municipality located in the Aegean Sea. It is part of the Dodecanese group of islands, situated between the islands of Kos and Tilos. Its shape is approximately round, with a diameter of about Script error: No such module "convert"., and an area of Script error: No such module "convert"..[2] Several other islets are found in the direct vicinity of Nisyros, the largest of which is Gyali. The Municipality of Nisyros includes Gyalí (pop. 21) as well as uninhabited Pacheiá, Pergoússa, Kandelioússa, Ágios Antónios, and Stroggýli. It has a total land area of Script error: No such module "convert". and a total population of 1,008 inhabitants. The island was also called Nisiro in Italian and İncirli in Turkish.

Geology

File:Volcano crater of Nysiros.jpg
Stefanos, the largest crater of the volcano.

The island has a Script error: No such module "convert". to Script error: No such module "convert". wide caldera, and was constructed within the past 150,000 years, with 3 separate eruptive stages, ranging from explosive and effusive andesitic eruptions to effusive and extrusive dacitic and rhyolitic activity.[3] Its coasts are generally rocky or pebbled, but there are also a few sandy beaches (mainly in the northeastern part). The volcano is currently active (but not erupting), and fumaroles are found at the craters.[3] It has had four historical eruptions, all of which had a VEI of 2. Almost all of its eruptions involved phreatic activity.[4] The latest eruptive activity was a steam explosion in 1888,[3] after small ash eruptions in 1871 and 1873 and earthquakes are not infrequent. A period of seismic unrest in 1996–1997 led an international team of scientist to initiate monitoring of the volcanic unrest in the European Union sponsored Geowarn project. The entire volcanic complex includes the seafloor between Nisyros and Kos, the island of Gyali, and a part of Kos island.

Settlements

Nisyros
Νίσυρος
VIew of Mandraki
VIew of Mandraki
</small>
Nisyros
  1. REDIRECT Template:If empty
  • This is a redirect from a page that has been moved (renamed). This page was kept as a redirect to avoid breaking links, both internal and external, that may have been made to the old page name. For more information follow the category link.
#REDIRECT Template:If empty *This is a redirect from a page that has been moved (renamed). This page was kept as a redirect to avoid breaking links, both internal and external, that may have been made to the old page name. For more information follow the category link.
Elevation Script error: No such module "convert".[3]
Location
Location Aegean Sea, Greece
Coordinates
  1. REDIRECT Template:If empty
  • This is a redirect from a page that has been moved (renamed). This page was kept as a redirect to avoid breaking links, both internal and external, that may have been made to the old page name. For more information follow the category link.
  1. REDIRECT Template:If empty
  • This is a redirect from a page that has been moved (renamed). This page was kept as a redirect to avoid breaking links, both internal and external, that may have been made to the old page name. For more information follow the category link.
Geology
Type Caldera
  1. REDIRECT Template:If empty
  • This is a redirect from a page that has been moved (renamed). This page was kept as a redirect to avoid breaking links, both internal and external, that may have been made to the old page name. For more information follow the category link.
Last eruption September 1888[4]

The island is reachable by ship from Piraeus and Kos, and in summer, there are many daily trips from the village of Kardamena on Kos. There is also a heliport. The main town and port of the island is Mandraki (pop. 660). Other villages are Paloi (239), Nikia (61), and Emporeios (27). According to the 2011 census, the municipality's resident population is 1,008 (including 21 on Gyali), although in summer it is augmented by many tourists as well as expatriate Nisyrians who visit the island for their vacations. Tourism is not so heavily developed as on other Greek islands. Deposits of perlite and pumice on Gyali provide much of the wealth of the island. The island used to be self-sufficient, and many crops were grown on its terraced slopes. Today, though, they are cultivated on a smaller scale.

History

According to Greek mythology, the island was formed when Poseidon cut off a part of Kos and threw it onto the giant Polybotes to stop him from escaping. The ancient name of the Nisyros was Porphyris. Ancient walls, dating from the 5th century BC, part of the acropolis of the island, are found near Mandraki.

It was apparently also a source of millstones used in some of the earliest watermills, being referred to by epigrammatist Antipater of Thessalonica in the 1st century BC.[5]

The island is mentioned by Homer in the Iliad.[6]

Culture

A traditional product of Nisyros is soumada, a non-alcoholic almond-flavoured drink. The patron saint of the island is Saint Nikitas. Many Orthodox Christian churches are found on the island, as well as four monasteries which are not inhabited by monks today, although various celebrations take place in them. The largest monastery is the one of Panagia Spiliani (Blessed Virgin Mary of the cave) at Mandraki. It is built beside the medieval castle erected by the Knights Hospitaller who conquered the island in 1315.

Twinning

Mandraki is twinned with the following municipalities:

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Detailed census results 2011" (in Greek). 
  2. ^ "City of Nisyros". Municipality of Nisyros. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Nisyros: Summary". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. 
  4. ^ a b "Nisyros: Eruptive History". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. 
  5. ^ M. J. T. Lewis, Millstone and Hammer: the origins of water power (University of Hull Press 1997), pp. vii 66-7.
  6. ^ 2.675-679

External links