Nizar (Fatimid Imam)
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AbÅ« Maná¹£Å«r NizÄr al-Muá¹£á¹afÃ¡ li-DÄ«nâil-LÄh (1045-1097, Arabic: Ø£Ø¨ÙÙ ÙØµÙØ± ÙØ²Ø§Ø± Ø§ÙÙ ØµØ·ÙÙ ÙØ¯ÙÙ Ø§ÙÙÙ) was a NizÄri IsmÄâilÄ« ImÄm. Following the death of his father, Al-Mustansir Billah, he was deposed by his brother, Aá¸¥mad al-MustaâlÄ« but his son, al-HÄdÄ« ibn NizÄr, escaped to AlamÅ«t and took refuge with believers there, thereby continuing the ImÄmate.
The followers of NizÄr's descendants constitute the majority of the IsmÄâilÄ« today, with the smaller MustaâlÄ« branch accepting his younger brother who overthrew him and the Druze ending the ImÄmate before either of them.
In his "History of the Ismailis", A.S. Picklay says, "Although Nizar was the rightful claimant to the throne after his father's death, his younger brother Aá¸¥mad al-MustaâlÄ«, supported by his father-in-law, the chief Vizier Badr al-Jamali, usurped all the power." He further writes, "Mustaali, feeling insecure during Nizar's existence, plotted against Imam Nizar and finally succeeded in making him a prisoner along with his two sons."
In Egypt, Imam Nizar continued his struggle up to 490 A.H., when he was killed. There have been some incorrect theories that Imam Nizar came to Alamut. Thus the Egyptian period of Ismaili Imams came to an end.
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