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North American F-86D Sabre

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F-86D/K/L Sabre "Dog"
Role

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Manufacturer

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First flight

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This page is a soft redirect. 22 December 1949,
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Primary users

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This page is a soft redirect. United States Air Force
Italian Air Force
SFR Yugoslav Air Force
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Number built

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Unit cost #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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$343,839 (F-86D)[1]

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Developed from

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The North American F-86D Sabre (sometimes called the "Sabre Dog" or "Dog Sabre"[not verified in body]) was a transonic jet all-weather interceptor of the United States Air Force and others. Based on North American's F-86 Sabre day fighter, the F-86D had only 25 percent commonality with other Sabre variants, with a larger fuselage, larger afterburner engine, and a distinctive nose radome.

Design and development

The YF-95 was a development of the F-86 Sabre, the first aircraft designed around the new Script error: No such module "convert". "Mighty Mouse" Folding-Fin Aerial Rocket (FFAR). Begun in March 1949, the unarmed prototype, 50-577, first flew on 22 December 1949, piloted by North American test pilot George Welch and was the first U.S. Air Force night fighter design with only a single crewman and a single engine, a J47-GE-17 with afterburner rated at Script error: No such module "convert". static thrust. Gun armament was eliminated in favor of a retractable under-fuselage tray carrying 24 unguided Mk. 4 rockets, then considered a more effective weapon against enemy bombers than a barrage of cannon fire. A second prototype, 50-578, was also built, but the YF-95 nomenclature was short-lived as the design was subsequently redesignated YF-86D.

The fuselage was wider and the airframe length increased to Script error: No such module "convert"., with a clamshell canopy, enlarged tail surfaces and AN/APG-36 all-weather radar fitted in a radome in the nose, above the intake. Later models of the F-86D received an uprated J-47-GE-33 engine rated at Script error: No such module "convert". (from the F-86D-45 production blocks onward). A total of 2,504 D-models were built.

Operational history

On 18 November 1952, F-86D, 51-2945, set a speed record of Script error: No such module "convert".. Captain J. Slade Nash flew over a three km (1.8 mi.) course at the Salton Sea in southern California at a height of only Script error: No such module "convert".. Another F-86D broke this world record on 16 July 1953, when Lieutenant Colonel William F. Barns, flying F-86D 51-6145, in the same path of the previous flight, achieved Script error: No such module "convert"..

Variants

File:Sabre familytree2.svg
Family tree of Sabre & Fury variants
YF-95A
prototype all-weather interceptor; two built; designation changed to YF-86D (North American model NA-164)
YF-86D 
originally designated YF-95A.
F-86D 
Production interceptor originally designated F-95A, 2,504 built.
F-86G 
Provisional designation for F-86D variant with uprated engine and equipment changes, 406 built as F-86Ds.
YF-86K 
Basic version of F-86D intended for export with rocket tray replaced by four 20 mm cannon and simplified fire control system, two conversions.
F-86K 
NATO version of F-86D; MG-4 fire control system; four 20 mm M24A1 cannon with 132 rounds per gun; APG-37 radar. 120 were built by North American, 221 were assembled by Fiat.
F-86L 
Upgrade conversion of F-86D with new electronics, extended wingtips and wing leading edges, revised cockpit layout, and uprated engine; 981 converted.

Operators

Source: Dorr[2]
File:North American F-86D Sabre F-421.jpg
Danish North American F-86D Sabre
File:HAFm F-86D 7110.JPG
Exhibit at the Hellenic Air Force Museum at Dekelia (Tatoi), Athens, Greece. North American F-86D Sabre Dog
File:North American F-86K at militare luchtvaart museum Soesterberg.jpg
North American F-86K Royal Netherlands Air Force
File:RNoAF F-86K Z-KZ 1.JPG
North American F-86K from Royal Norwegian Air Force.
File:F86D.JPG
F-86D of the Philippine Air Force.
23x15px Denmark
Received 59 ex-USAF F-86Ds 1958-1960; assigned to 723, 726 and 728 Squadrons.
23x15px France
Fiat built 62 F-86Ks for France (1956-1957), assigned to EC 1/13 Artois, EC 2/13 Alpes, and EC 3/13 Squadrons. Serials were 55-4814/4844, 55-4846/4865, 55-4872/4874, 55-4876/4879.
23x15px Germany
Acquired 88 U.S. F-86Ks 22 July 1957–23 June 1958. The Ks were assigned to Jagdgeschwader 75/renamed 74.
23x15px Greece
Acquired some U.S. F-86Ds were received in 1961 (no details).
Template:Country data Honduras
Acquired Six Venezuelan F-86Ks in 1970.
23x15px Italy
Fiat produced 121 F-86Ks for Italy, 1955-1958. Also, 120 U.S. F-86Ks were acquired. F-86s were assigned to the AMI air groups: 6 Gruppo COT/1 Stormo, 17 Gruppo/1 Stormo, 23 Gruppo/1 Stormo, 21 Gruppo/51 Aerobrigata, 22 Gruppo/51 Aerobrigata and 12 Gruppo/4 Aerobrigata.
Template:Country data Japan
Acquired 122 US F-86Ds, 1958–1961; assigned to four all-weather interceptor Hikōtai, and Air Proving Ground at Gifu.
23x15px Netherlands
Acquired 57 U.S.-built and six Fiat-built F-86K Sabres, 1955–1956; and assigned to three squadrons, No. 700, 701 and 702. Operated until 1964.
23x15px Norway
Acquired 60 U.S.-built F-86K Sabres, 1955–1956, and four Italian-assembled Fiat K-models.
23x15px Philippines
Acquired 20 F-86Ds, beginning 1957; part of the U.S. military assistance package.
Template:Country data South Korea
Acquired 40 F-86Ds, beginning 20 June 1955.
23x15px Republic of China (Taiwan)
23x15px Turkey
Acquired 50 US-built F-86Ds, and 40 F-86Ks.
23x15px Thailand
Acquired 20 F-86Ls.
23x15px United States
23x15px Venezuela
Acquired 32 US-built F-86Fs, October 1955–December 1960; 1965 acquired 79 Fiat-built F-86Ks from West Germany.
23x15px Yugoslavia
Acquired 130 U.S.-made F-86Ds and operated them between 1961 and 1974.

Survivors

Many Sabres of several different Marks are preserved around the world, some examples being:

Specifications (F-86D-40-NA)

Data from Combat Aircraft since 1945,[5] The American Fighter [6]

General characteristics
  • Crew: one
  • Length: 40 ft 3 in (12.27 m)
  • Wingspan: 37 ft 1.5 in (11.31 m)
  • Height: 15 ft in (4.57 m)
  • Empty weight: 13,518 lb (6,132 kg)
  • Gross weight: 19,975 lb (9,060 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × General Electric J47-GE-17B, 5,425 lbf (24.1 kN)dry, 7,500 lbf (33.4 kN) with afterburner

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 693 mph (1,115 km/h)
  • Maximum speed: Mach .91
  • Range: 330 miles (531 km)
  • Service ceiling: 49,750 ft (15,163 m)
  • Rate of climb: 12,150 ft/min (61.7 m/s)</ul>Armament
  • 24 × 2.75 in (70 mm) Mighty Mouse FFAR rockets in ventral tray

See also

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists

References

Notes

  1. ^ Knaack 1978
  2. ^ Dorr 1993, pp. 65–96.
  3. ^ Dorr 1993, p. 72.
  4. ^ http://www.pacificaviationmuseum.org/exhibits/aircrafts
  5. ^ Wilson 2000, p. 111.
  6. ^ Angelucci and Bowers 1987, pp. 346–347.

Bibliography

  • Allward, Maurice. F-86 Sabre. London: Ian Allen, 1978. ISBN 0-7110-0860-4.
  • Angelucci, Enzo and Peter Bowers. The American Fighter: the Definite Guide to American Fighter Aircraft from 1917 to the Present. New York: Orion Books, 1987. ISBN 0-517-56588-9.
  • Curtis, Duncan. North American F-86 Sabre. Ramsbury, UK: Crowood, 2000. ISBN 1-86126-358-9.
  • Dorr, Robert F. F-86 Sabre Jet: History of the Sabre and FJ Fury. St. Paul, Minnesota: Motorbooks International Publishers, 1993. ISBN 0-87938-748-3.
  • Käsmann, Ferdinand C.W. Die schnellsten Jets der Welt: Weltrekord- Flugzeuge (in German). Oberhaching, Germany: Aviatic Verlag-GmbH, 1994. ISBN 3-925505-26-1.
  • Knaack, Marcelle Size. Encyclopedia of US Air Force Aircraft and Missile Systems, Volume 1, Post-World War Two Fighters, 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1978. ISBN 0-912799-59-5.
  • Swanborough, F. Gordon. United States Military Aircraft Since 1909. London: Putnam, 1963. ISBN 0-87474-880-1.
  • Wagner, Ray. American Combat Planes - Second Edition. Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company, 1968. ISBN 0-370-00094-3.
  • Wagner, Ray. The North American Sabre. London: Macdonald, 1963. No ISBN.
  • Westrum, Ron. Sidewinder. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1999. ISBN 1-55750-951-4.
  • Wilson, Stewart. Combat Aircraft since 1945. Fyshwick, ACT, Australia: Aerospace Publications Pty Ltd, 2000. ISBN 1-875671-50-1.
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External links