Nuevo Santander (New Santander) was a region of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, corresponding generally to the modern Mexican state of Tamaulipas and southern Texas. Nuevo Santander was named after Santander, Cantabria, Spain, and settled by Spanish American colonists in a concerted settlement campaign peaking in 1748–1750. It fell under the jurisdiction of the Real Audiencia of Guadalajara in judicial matters, and in 1776 Nuevo Santander became part of the semi-autonomous Provincias Internas.
Jose De Escandon founded the colony in 1747. In 1755 Laredo was founded which became the major town and capital of the colony. The people in Nuevo Santander were the first to call themselves Tejanos. In 1762 it joined Texas.
- Governors of Nuevo Santander
- History of Mexico
- History of Texas
- Brownsville, Texas
- Laredo, Texas
- Blas María de la Garza Falcón
- New Kingdom of León
- Eastern Internal Provinces
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