Open Access Articles- Top Results for Oberleutnant


Not to be confused with the more senior 20px German Army/Air Force rank Oberstleutnant (OF4), equivalent to lieutenant colonel.
Rank insignia German officer rank
Introduction 1871
Rank group Commissioned officers
Army / Air Force Oberleutnant
Navy Oberleutnant zur See
Army First lieutenant
Navy *Lieutenant (junior grade) *Sub-Lieutenant

Oberleutnant (OF-1a) is the highest Lieutenant officer rank in the armed forces of Germany (Bundeswehr), Austrian Armed Forces, and Military of Switzerland.


In the German Army, it dates from the early 19th century. Translated as "senior lieutenant", the rank is typically bestowed upon commissioned officers after five to six years of active duty service.

Oberleutnant is used by both the German Army and the German Air Force. In the NATO military comparison system, a German Oberleutnant is the equivalent of a First lieutenant or Poruchik in the Army/Air Forces of Allied nations.

Other uses

The equivalent naval rank is Oberleutnant zur See.

In Nazi Germany, within the SS, SA and Waffen-SS, the rank of Obersturmführer was considered the equivalent of an Oberleutnant in the German Army.[1][2]

junior Rank
28px 63px

(German officer rank)

senior Rank
Rank insignias Oberleutnant/Oberleutnant zur See (OF-1a)
33x80px 70x130px 50x100px
50x100px 50x100px 50x100px 50x100px 50x100px 50x100px 50x100px 50x100px
Service uniform
(basic form)
(Armored corps)
Field uniform
(Armored infantry)
San OA Service uniform
(basic form)
Field uniform San OA Shoulder strap Sleeve insignia Mountin loop San OA

See also


  1. Flaherty 2004, p. 148.
  2. McNab 2009, p. 15.


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