Open front rounded vowel
|Open front rounded vowel|
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The open front rounded vowel, or low front rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, not confirmed to be phonemic in any spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɶ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is &. The letter ⟨ɶ⟩ is a small caps rendition of ⟨Œ⟩. Note that ⟨œ⟩, the lowercase version of the ligature, is used for the open-mid front rounded vowel.
The IPA prefers terms "close" and "open" for vowels, and the name of the article follows this. However, a large number of linguists, perhaps a majority, prefer the terms "high" and "low".
|IPA vowel chart|
|Paired vowels are: unrounded • rounded|
|This table contains phonetic symbols, which may not display correctly in some browsers. [Help]|
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- Its vowel height is open, also known as low, which means the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth – that is, as low as possible in the mouth.
- Its vowel backness is front, which means the tongue is positioned as far forward as possible in the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant. Note that rounded front vowels are often centralized, which means that often they are in fact near-front.
- It's rounded, which means that the lips are rounded rather than spread or relaxed.
It occurs allophonically in Danish and some speakers of Swedish.
|Danish||Standard||børn||[ˈb̥ɶ̽ɐ̯n]||'children'||Near-open near-front; allophone of /ø(ː)/ and /œ(ː)/ after /ʁ/, sometimes also before it. May vary between near-open and open-mid. See Danish phonology|
|Swedish||Stockholm||öra||[ˈɶ̂ːˈrâ]||'ear'|| Pre-/r/ allophone of /œ/ and (more often) /øː/ for younger speakers. Open-mid [[[open-mid front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other|
This page is a soft redirect.œ]], [[open-mid front rounded vowel#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.œː]]] for other speakers. See Swedish phonology
- Riad (2014:38)
- Traunmüller (1982), cited in Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996:290)
- Grønnum (1998:100)
- Grønnum (2005:268)
- Grønnum (2003)
- Basbøll (2005:46): "Nina Grønnum uses two different symbols for the vowels in these and similar words: gøre she transcribes with [œ̞] (semi-narrow transcription) and [œ] (narrow transcription), and grøn she transcribes with [ɶ] (semi-narrow transcription) and [ɶ̝] (narrow transcription). Clearly, there is variation within Standard Danish on this point, cf. the end of the present s. 2.2."
- Basbøll, Hans (2005), The Phonology of Danish, ISBN 0-203-97876-5
- Grønnum, Nina (1998), "Danish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 28 (1–2): 99–105, doi:10.1017/S0025100300006290
- Grønnum, Nina (2003), Why are the Danes so hard to understand?
- Grønnum, Nina (2005), Fonetik og fonologi, Almen og Dansk (3rd ed.), Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag, ISBN 87-500-3865-6
- Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996). The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-19814-8.
- Riad, Tomas (2014), The Phonology of Swedish, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-954357-1
- Traunmüller, Hartmut (1982), "Vokalismus in der westniederösterreichischen Mundart.", Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik 2: 289–333, doi:10.1017/S0025100300006290