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Operation Inherent Resolve

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Operation Inherent Resolve
Part of Iraq War (2014–present) and Syrian Civil War
275px
F/A-18F Super Hornets of VFA-22 launch from USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70), supporting Operation Inherent Resolve; October 2014.
Date15 June 2014Template:Spaced ndashpresent (1 year, 7 months, 2 weeks and 6 days)
  • Iraq: 15 June 2014 – present (1 year, 7 months, 2 weeks and 6 days)
  • Syria: 22 September 2014 – present (1 year, 4 months, 1 week and 6 days)
LocationIraq and Syria
Result

Ongoing

  • Airstrikes on ISIL and al-Qaeda positions in Iraq and Syria
  • Humanitarian efforts
  • Arming and support for local ground forces
  • 2 American journalists, 2 American humanitarian workers, and 1 American oil worker killed as hostages of ISIL[1][2][3][4][5]
Belligerents

23x15px United States of America

23x15px Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant


[10][11][12]
23x15px al-Qaeda


23x15px Ahrar ash-Sham
(disputed)
[14]
Commanders and leaders

23x15px Barack Obama (President of the United States)
23x15px Ashton Carter (United States Secretary of Defense)
23x15px James L. Terry (Commander of CJTF-OIR)
23x15px Lloyd Austin
(Commander of CENTCOM)
23x15px Maj. Gen. Paul Funk
(Commander of Coalition Joint Forces Land Component Command-Iraq)[15]
23x15px John R. Allen
(Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition to Counter ISIL)
23x15px Brett H. McGurk
(Deputy Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition to Counter ISIL)

23x15px Chuck Hagel (SECDEF 2013-2015)

23x15px Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (Leader of ISIL)
23x15px Abu Alaa Afri
(Deputy Leader of ISIL)[16]
23x15px Abu Mohammad al-Adnani (Spokesperson)
23x15px Abu Ayman al-Iraqi (Head of Military Shura)[17]
23x15px Abu Muslim al-Turkmani  (Deputy Leader, Iraq)[18]
23x15px Abu Ali al-Anbari (Deputy Leader, Syria)
23x15px Abu Omar al-Shishani (Field commander in Syria)[19][20]


23x15px Abu Mohammad al-Julani (Leader of the al-Nusra Front)
23x15px Abu Humam al-Shami 
(al-Nusra Military Chief)[21]
23x15px Abu Muhammed al Ansari 
(al-Nusra Emir of the Idlib province)
23x15px Muhsin al-Fadhli (Leader of Khorasan)[22][23]
23x15px David Drugeon (WIA)[23]


23x15px Abu Jaber[24]
Units involved

Elements of:
23x15px U.S. Fifth Fleet[75]

23x15px 9th Bomb Squadron

23x15px Coalition Joint Forces Land Component Command-Iraq[15]

23x15px Military of ISIL

Strength

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant:


al-Qaeda:

  • al-Nusra Front: 5,000–8,000[62]
  • Khorasan: 50[63]

23x15px Ahrar ash-Sham:

  • 10,000–20,000[64]
Casualties and losses

23x15px United States:

23x15px Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant:

  • 15,500+ killed in Iraq and Syria[81][82][83]
  • 73 tanks, 282 Humvees,[84] 303 pickup trucks, 26 armored vehicles, and 394 other vehicles damaged or destroyed[56]

23x15px al-Qaeda:


23x15px Ahrar ash-Sham:

6,365+ civilians killed by ISIL[88][89][90]
66–103 civilians killed by Coalition airstrikes in Syria[85][91]
118 civilians killed by Coalition airstrikes in Iraq[92]

Over 970,000 civilians in Iraq and Syria displaced, or fled to Turkey and other countries[93][94][95][96]

Template:Campaignbox Iraq War (2014–present)

Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR) is the U.S. military operation name for the Military intervention against ISIL, including both the campaign in Iraq and the campaign in Syria.

Unlike their coalition partners, and unlike previous combat operations, no name was initially given to the conflict against ISIL by the U.S. government.[97] The decision to keep the conflict nameless drew considerable media criticism.[98][99][100][101][102] U.S. service members remain ineligible for Campaign Medals and other service decorations due to the continuing ambiguous nature of the continuing U.S. involvement in Iraq.[103]

The United States Central Command (CENTCOM) news release noted:

According to CENTCOM officials, the name INHERENT RESOLVE is intended to reflect the unwavering resolve and deep commitment of the U.S. and partner nations in the region and around the globe to eliminate the terrorist group ISIL and the threat they pose to Iraq, the region and the wider international community. It also symbolizes the willingness and dedication of coalition members to work closely with our friends in the region and apply all available dimensions of national power necessary - diplomatic, informational, military, economic - to degrade and ultimately destroy ISIL.[104]

The Defense Department announced at the end of October 2014 that troops operating in support of Operation Inherent Resolve after June 15 were eligible for the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal. Service areas are: Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates, as well as troops supporting the operation in the Persian Gulf, the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea east of 25 degrees longitude. The medal is approved retroactively beginning June 15, the Pentagon said.[105]

As of December 4, 2014, three U.S. service members have been lost through accidents or non-combat injuries/incidents.[106]

See also

References

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External links

16x16px Media related to Operation Inherent Resolve at Wikimedia Commons