|Part of the War in Afghanistan (2001–present)|
|25px Islamic Jihad Union|
|Commanders and leaders|
|23x15px General Ali Murat||?|
23x15px United States: Airforce Support
|Casualties and losses|
20 killed (NATO claim)|
Operation Oqab (Eagle in English, Adler in German) was a military operation conducted by ISAF and Afghan National Army troops, in July 2009, with the objective to force the Taliban out of Kunduz Province.
Since April 2009, the German forces in northern Afghanistan had been under pressure from the Taliban and the Islamic Jihad Union. The attack on the German forces after the visit of chancellor Angela Merkel on April 7, 2009 and the following months showed that the Taliban and their allies exerted heavy pressure to try and force the German troops out of Afghanistan, since involvement in the conflict has been controversial in Germany.
The ISAF and Afghan forces began an offensive to reinforce the control and security of Kunduz Province before the Afghan presidential election in August 2009, and reduce pressure on the German forces before the German federal election in September. A second focus was to free the routes into Afghanistan from Uzbekistan, since it was planned to change the supply routes for ISAF to a route from Uzbekistan.
The ISAF planned to change its focus to rebuilding, after the Taliban had left the province.
For the attack, 800 Afghan soldiers and 100 Afghan policemen were placed in the province. The Bundeswehr prepared its Quick Reaction Force (QRF), equipped with Marder infantry fighting vehicles, Fuchs and Dingo APCs, as well as mortars. The ground troops were supported by the United States Air Force (USAF) and its MQ-1 Predator and Fairchild A-10 close air support aircraft.
The first attack on Taliban positions started on the morning of July 19. German forces supported by Marder armoured vehicles and mortars attacked the Taliban.
The following day Camp Marmal was under attack by rockets, during a counter-attack by the USAF five Taliban were killed.
The Afghan forces reported that they had control of the province on July 23. On July 24 a German patrol came under fire, one vehicle was damaged.
Operation Oqab was the first German ground force offensive since the creation of the Bundeswehr and the first German ground attack since World War II. The commander of the QRF, Hans-Christoph Grohmann, introduced one of his Officers as "the first Oberleutnant to lead an Infantry Company in to battle since 1945" to the press.
- Thomas Wiegold. "Festnahme bei Kundus: Den Taliban die Kontrolle entreißen" (in German). Focus Online. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- "July 19 airpower summary: Pave Hawks save lives". US Airforce. 19 July 2009. Retrieved 3 August 2009.
- "Bundeswehr bringt Unruheregion unter Kontrolle" (in German). Welt am Sonntag. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- Matthias Gebauer, Shoib Najafizada. "Blitz-Comeback der Taliban" (in German). Spiegel Online. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- Joachim Zepelin. "Die Bundeswehr muss töten" (in German). Financial Times Deutschland. Retrieved 2009-08-02.