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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Ottoman units of measurement

Ottoman units of measurement

The list of traditional Turkish units of measurement, aka Ottoman units of measurement, is given below.

History

The Ottoman Empire (1299–1923), the predecessor of modern Turkey was one of the 17 signatories of the Metre Convention in 1875. For 58 years both the international and the traditional units were in use, but after the proclamation of the Turkish Republic, the traditional units became obsolete. In 1931 by Act No. 1782, international units became compulsory and the traditional units were banned from use starting 1 January 1933.[1]

List of units

Length
Local name In English Equivalence In modern units [2]
nokta dot Script error: No such module "convert".
hat line 12 nokta Script error: No such module "convert".
parmak finger 12 hat Script error: No such module "convert".
kerrab or kirab Script error: No such module "convert".
rubu or urup 2 kerrab Script error: No such module "convert".
ayak or kadem foot 12 parmak Script error: No such module "convert".
endaze ell Script error: No such module "convert".
arşın ell Script error: No such module "convert".
zirai agricultural 2 ayak Script error: No such module "convert".
kulaç fathom Script error: No such module "convert".
berid or menzil range 600 ayak Script error: No such module "convert".
eski mil old mile 5,000 ayak Script error: No such module "convert".
fersah league 3 eski mil Script error: No such module "convert".
merhale stage, phase 200 berid Script error: No such module "convert".
Area
Local name In English In modern units
eski dönüm dunam (old) Script error: No such module "convert".
büyük dönüm dunam (big) Script error: No such module "convert".
Volume
Local name In English Equivalence In modern units
şinik peck Script error: No such module "convert".
kile (İstanbul) bushel 4 şinik Script error: No such module "convert".
Weight
Local name In English Equivalence In modern units
kırat carat Script error: No such module "convert".[3]
dirhem drachma 16 kırat Script error: No such module "convert".
okka oka 400 dirhem Script error: No such module "convert".
miskal 1.5 dirhem Script error: No such module "convert".
batman 6 okka Script error: No such module "convert".
kantar weighbridge Script error: No such module "convert".
çeki 4 kantar Script error: No such module "convert".
Volumetric Flow
Local name In modern units
Hilal 0.6526 L/min [4]
Çuvaldız 1.125 L/min
Masura 4.5 L/min
Kamış 9 L/min
Lüle 36 L/min[5]

Time

The traditional calendar of the Ottoman Empire was, like in most Muslim countries, the Hicri calendar. The Hicri calendar counts from 622 CE with an annual duration of 12 lunar months, which is approximately eleven days shorter than a solar year. In 1839, however, a second calendar was put in use for official matters. The new calendar, which was called the Rumi also began by 622, but with an annual duration equal to a solar year after 1840. In modern Turkey, the Gregorian calendar was adopted as the legal calendar, beginning by the end of 1925. The Hicri calendar is still used when discussing dates in an Islamic context.

See also

Reference and notes

  1. ^ Türkiye’nin 75 yılı, Tempo yayınları, İstanbul, 1998, p. 53
  2. ^ Fethi Yücel: Pratik Matematik,Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür yayınları, Ankara, 1963,p.15
  3. ^ In this and following weight units, kg and g mean technically kg-weight or g-weight.
  4. ^ http://www.fofweb.com/History/MainPrintPage.asp?iPin=ESCMW612&DataType=Ancient&WinType=Free
  5. ^ Zeus. "Nedir - Osmanlı Ölçüleri". toplumdusmani.net. Retrieved 22 January 2015.