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Outline of Ethiopia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Ethiopia:

Ethiopialandlocked sovereign country located in the Horn of Africa.[1] Ethiopia is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, South Sudan to the south-west, Kenya to the south, Somalia to the east and Djibouti to the north-east. Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world[2] and Africa's second-most populous nation.[3] Ethiopia has yielded some of humanity's oldest traces,[4] making the area important in the history of human evolution. Recent studies claim that the vicinity of present-day Addis Ababa was the point from which human beings migrated around the world.[5][6][7] Ethiopian dynastic history traditionally began with the reign of Emperor Menelik I in 1000 BC.[8][9] The roots of the Ethiopian state are similarly deep, dating with unbroken continuity to at least the Aksumite Empire (which adopted the name "Ethiopia" in the 4th century) and its predecessor state, D`mt (with early 1st millennium BC roots).[10][11] After a period of decentralized power in the 18th and early 19th centuries known as the Zemene Mesafint ("Era of the Judges/Princes"), the country was reunited in 1855 by Kassa Hailu, who became Emperor Tewodros II, beginning Ethiopia's modern history.[12][13][14][15] Ethiopia's borders underwent significant territorial expansion to its modern borders for the rest of the century,[16][17][18] especially by Emperor Menelik II and Ras Gobena, culminating in its victory over the Italians at the Battle of Adwa in 1896 with the military leadership of Ras Makonnen, and ensuring its sovereignty and freedom from colonization.[17][18] It was brutally occupied by Benito Mussolini's Fascist Italy from 1936 to 1941,[19] ending with its liberation by British Empire and Ethiopian Patriot forces.

General reference

Geography of Ethiopia

File:Ethiopia Topography.png
An enlargeable topographic map of Ethiopia
Main article: Geography of Ethiopia
23x15px Sudan 723 km
23x15px South Sudan 883 km
23x15px Somalia 1,600 km
23x15px Eritrea 912 km
Template:Country data Kenya 861 km
23x15px Djibouti 349 km
  • Coastline: none

Environment of Ethiopia

File:Ethiopia surface.jpg
An enlargeable satellite image of Ethiopia

Natural geographic features of Ethiopia

Regions of Ethiopia

Main article: Regions of Ethiopia

Ecoregions of Ethiopia

Main article: Ecoregions in Ethiopia

Administrative divisions of Ethiopia

Regions of Ethiopia
Main article: Regions of Ethiopia
Zones of Ethiopia
Main article: Zones of Ethiopia
Municipalities of Ethiopia

Demography of Ethiopia

Main article: Demographics of Ethiopia

Government and politics of Ethiopia

Branches of the government of Ethiopia

Executive branch of the government of Ethiopia

  1. Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Tewodros Adhanom
  2. Ministry of Defense - Siraj Fegesa
  3. Ministry of Federal Affairs - Shiferaw Teklemariam
  4. Ministry of Justice - Berhan Hailu
  5. Ministry of Civil Service - Muktar Kedir
  6. Ministry of Finance and Economic Development - Sufian Ahmed
  7. Ministry of Agriculture - Tefera Deribew
  8. Ministry of Industry - Mekonnen Manyazewal
  9. Ministry of Trade and Industry - Kebede Chane
  10. Ministry of Science and Technology - Desse Dalke
  11. Ministry of Transport - Diriba Kuma
  12. Ministry of Communications and Information Technology - Debretsion Gebremichael
  13. Ministry of Urban Development and Construction - Mekuria Haile
  14. Ministry of Water and Energy - Alemayehu Tegenu
  15. Ministry of Mines - Sinkinesh Ejigu
  16. Ministry of Education - Demeke Mekonnen
  17. Ministry of Health - Keseteberhan Admasu
  18. Ministry Labor and Social Affairs - Abdulfetah Abdulahi Hassen
  19. Ministry of Culture and Tourism - Amin Abdulkadir
  20. Ministry of Women, Youth and Children’s Affairs - Zenebu Tadesse

Legislative branch of the government of Ethiopia

Judicial branch of the government of Ethiopia

Foreign relations of Ethiopia

International organization membership

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Ethiopia

Main article: Law of Ethiopia

Military of Ethiopia

Main article: Military of Ethiopia

Local government in Ethiopia

History of Ethiopia

Main article: History of Ethiopia, Timeline of the history of Ethiopia, and Current events of Ethiopia

Culture of Ethiopia

Main article: Culture of Ethiopia

Art in Ethiopia

Sports in Ethiopia

Main article: Sports in Ethiopia

Economy and infrastructure of Ethiopia

Main article: Economy of Ethiopia

Education in Ethiopia

Main article: Education in Ethiopia

Health in Ethiopia

Main article: Health in Ethiopia

See also

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Main article: Ethiopia


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Ethiopia". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. October 23, 1998, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. "Ethiopia". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-02-02. 
  3. Ethiopia, Africa's second most populous country
  4. "Ethiopia is top choice for cradle of Homo sapiens". Nature. 16 February 2005. Retrieved 2008-02-02. 
  5. Li, J. Z.; Absher, DM; Tang, H; Southwick, AM; Casto, AM; Ramachandran, S; Cann, HM; Barsh, GS et al. (February 2008). "Worldwide Human Relationships Inferred from Genome-Wide Patterns of Variation". Science 319 (5866): 1100–1104. Bibcode:2008Sci...319.1100L. PMID 18292342. doi:10.1126/science.1153717. 
  6. Humans Moved From Africa Across Globe, DNA Study Says
  7. Around the world from Addis Ababa
  8. Speaking after his signing the disputed treaty between Ethiopia and Italy in 1889, Emperor Menelik II made clear his position: "We cannot permit our integrity as a Christian and civilised nation to be questioned, nor the right to govern our empire in absolute independence. The Emperor of Ethiopia is a descendant of a dynasty that is 3,000 years old — a dynasty that during all that time has never submitted to an outsider. Ethiopia has never been conquered and she never shall be..." Ethiopia Unbound: Studies In Race Emancipation - p. xxv by Joseph Ephraim Casely Hayford
  9. Ethiopia at Bay: A Personal Account of the Haile Selassie Years - p. 319 by John Spencer
  10. Stuart Munro-Hay, Aksum: An African Civilization of Late Antiquity. Edinburgh: University Press, 1991, pp.57.
  11. Paul B. Henze, Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia, 2005.
  12. Christopher S. Clapham, Haile-Selassie's Government, 1969, p.12.
  13. Teshale Tibebu The Making of Modern Ethiopia: 1896-1974, p. xii.
  14. S. Rubenson, "Modern Ethiopia" in Joseph C. Anene, Godfrey N. Brown, eds. Africa in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: A Handbook for Teachers, p. 216.
  15. Mordechai Abir, Ethiopia: The ERA of the Princes: The Challenge of Islam and Re-unification, p. 183, "The coronation of Teodros is considered by most historians of Ethiopia to be the end of the era of the princes and the beginning of modern Ethiopia."
  16. Marcus, A History of Ethiopia ISBN 0520224795 (page no?)
  17. 17.0 17.1 B. Holcomb & S. Ibssa, The Invention of Ethiopia (Trenton, 1990) (page no?)
  18. 18.0 18.1 Jalata, Oromia and Ethiopia: State Formation and Ethnonational Conflict ISBN 1569022461 (page no?)
  19. It was decided at the official Paris Conference, that, for Ethiopia, WWII began on 3 October 1935. Other dates aside from 1 September 1939 are used for other countries such as China and Japan, as well. Richard Pankhurst, "Italian Fascist War Crimes in Ethiopia: A History of Their Discussion, from the League of Nations to the United Nations (1936-1949)" in Northeast African Studies 6.1-2 (1999). p. 116.
  20. The only glaciers in Africa are on Mt Kenya (in Kenya), on Kilimanjaro (in Tanzania), and in the Ruwenzori Mountains (which are located in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). See Proceedings of the Riederalp Workshop, September 1978; Actes de l'Atelier de Riederalp, septembre 1978): IAHS-AISH Publ. no. 126, 1980.

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16x16px Wikimedia Atlas of Ethiopia

Independent Ethiopian Web sites