Adverts

Open Access Articles- Top Results for Outline of food preparation

Outline of food preparation

The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to food preparation:

Food preparation – preparing food for eating, generally requires selection, measurement and combination of ingredients in an ordered procedure so as to achieve desired results. Food preparation includes but is not limited to cooking.

What type of thing is food preparation?

  • Art – an art, one of the arts, is a creative endeavor or discipline.
  • Skill – learned capacity to carry out pre-determined results often with the minimum outlay of time, energy, or both.
  • Meal preparation

Essence of food preparation

  • Chef – a person who cooks professionally for other people. Although over time the term has come to describe any person who cooks for a living, traditionally it refers to a highly skilled professional who is proficient in all aspects of food preparation.
  • Cooking – act of preparing food for eating. It encompasses a vast range of methods, tools and combinations of ingredients to improve the flavour or digestibility of food. It generally requires the selection, measurement and combining of ingredients in an ordered procedure in an effort to achieve the desired result.
  • Cuisine – specific set of cooking traditions and practices, often associated with a specific culture. It is often named after the region or place where its underlying culture is present. A cuisine is primarily influenced by the ingredients that are available locally or through trade..

Food preparation techniques

Cooking techniques

Baking

  • Baking – the technique of prolonged cooking of food by dry heat acting by convection, normally in an oven, but can also be done in hot ashes or on hot stones.
  • Blind Baking – baking pastry before adding a filling.[1]
  • Boiling – the rapid vaporization of a liquid, which occurs when a liquid is heated to its boiling point, the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid is equal to the pressure exerted on the liquid by the surrounding environmental pressure.
  • Blanching – cooking technique which food substance, usually a vegetable or fruit, is plunged into boiling water, removed after a brief, timed interval, and finally plunged into iced water or placed under cold running water (shocked) to halt the cooking process.
  • Braising – combination cooking method using both moist and dry heat; typically the food is first seared at a high temperature and then finished in a covered pot with a variable amount of liquid, resulting in a particular flavour.
  • Coddling – food is heated in water kept just below the boiling point.
  • Infusion
  • Pressure cooking – cooking in a sealed vessel that does not permit air or liquids to escape below a preset pressure, which allows the liquid in the pot to rise to a higher temperature before boiling.
  • Simmeringfoods are cooked in hot liquids kept at or just below the boiling point of water,[2] but higher than poaching temperature.
    • Poaching – process of gently simmering food in liquid, generally milk, stock or wine.
  • Steaming – boiling water continuously so it vaporizes into steam and carries heat to the food being steamed, thus cooking the food.
    • Double steaming – Chinese cooking technique in which food is covered with water and put in a covered ceramic jar and the jar is then steamed for several hours.
  • Steeping – saturation of a food (such as an herb) in a liquid solvent to extract a soluble ingredient into the solvent. E.g., a cup of tea is made by steeping tea leaves in a cup of hot water.
  • Stewing – food is cooked in liquid and served in the resultant gravy.
  • Vacuum flask cooking

Broiling

Grilling – a form of cooking that involves dry heat applied to the surface of food, commonly from above or below.

Frying

Fryingcooking food in oil or another fat, a technique that originated in ancient Egypt around 2500 BC.[3]

Microwaving

Microwave oven – type of oven that heats foods quickly and efficiently using microwaves. However, unlike conventional ovens, a microwave oven does not brown bread or bake food. This makes microwave ovens unsuitable for cooking certain foods and unable to achieve certain culinary effects. Additional kinds of heat sources can be added into microwave ovens or microwave packaging so as to add these additional effects.

Roasting

Roasting – cooking method that uses dry heat, whether an open flame, oven, or other heat source. Roasting usually causes caramelization or Maillard browning of the surface of the food, which is considered by some as a flavor enhancement.

  • Barbecuing – method of cooking meat, poultry and occasionally fish with the heat and hot smoke of a fire, smoking wood, or hot coals of charcoal.
  • Grilling – applying dry heat to the surface of food, by cooking it on a grill, a grill pan, or griddle.
  • Rotisserie – meat is skewered on a spit - a long solid rod used to hold food while it is being cooked over a fire in a fireplace or over a campfire, or while being roasted in an oven.
  • Searing – technique used in grilling, baking, braising, roasting, sautéing, etc., in which the surface of the food (usually meat, poultry or fish) is cooked at high temperature so a caramelized crust forms.

Hot Smoking

Smoking – the process of flavoring, cooking, or preserving food by exposing it to the smoke from burning or smoldering plant materials, most often wood. Hot smoking will cook and flavor the food, while cold smoking only flavors the food.

Chemical techniques

Mechanical techniques

History of food preparation

International cuisine

Main articles: Global cuisine and List of cuisines

A sample of some cuisines around the world:

General ingredients

File:Festival of bread3.JPG
Decorated bread loaves
File:Japanese SilkyTofu (Kinugoshi Tofu).JPG
Japanese silky tofu (Kinugoshi Tofu)
File:Aubergines.jpg
Eggplants, also called Aubergines.

General food preparation concepts

See also

File:Red roast duck curry.jpg
Thai Kaeng phet pet yang: roast duck in red curry

References

  1. ^ "How to blind bake". Tesco realfood. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  2. ^ Simmer definition from About.com - Culinary arts. Retrieved May 2009.
  3. ^ Tannahill, Reay. (1995). Food in History. Three Rivers Press. p. 75
  4. ^ United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization: Agriculture and Consumer Protection. "Dimensions of Need - Staple foods: What do people eat?". Retrieved 2010-10-15. 

External links

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="padding-top:0.75em;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Search Wiktionary#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="padding-top:0.75em;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Definitions from Wiktionary #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Search Commons#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Media from Commons #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Search Wikinews#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.News stories from Wikinews #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Search Wikiquote#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Quotations from Wikiquote #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Search Wikisource#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Source texts from Wikisource #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Search Wikibooks#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Textbooks from Wikibooks #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Search Wikiversity#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Learning resources from Wikiversity