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Outline of political science

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to politics:

Politics – the exercise of power; process by which groups of people make collective decisions. Politics is the art or science of running governmental or state affairs (including behavior within civil governments), institutions, fields, and special interest groups such as the corporate, academic, and religious segments of society.

Principles of Government

Government and the State

What is government?

Government - is a general term which can be used to refer to public bodies organizing the political life of the society. Government can also refer to the collective head of the executive branch of power in a polity.

Public policies -

  • Taxation
  • Defense
  • Education
  • Crime
  • Healthcare
  • Transportation
  • Environment
  • Civil rights
  • Working conditions

Legislative power -

Executive power -

Judicial power -

Constitution -

The State

Main articles: State (polity) and Sovereign state

Four characteristics of a state

  • Population
  • Territory
  • Sovereignty
  • Government

Major Political Ideas

Evolutionary Theory -

Social Contract Theory -

Divine Theory - Meritocracy Force theory

The Purpose of Government

Form a More Perfect Union -

Establish Justice -

Insure Domestic Tranquility -

Provide for the Common Defense -

Promote the General Welfare -

Secure the Blessings of Liberty -

Forms of government

Main article: Government

Who Can Participate

Democracy -

Dictatorship -

Geographic Distribution of Power

Unitary government -

Federal government -

Confederate government (Confederation) -

Relationship Between Legislative and Executive Powers

Presidential government -

Parliamentary government -

Basic Concepts of Democracy


Worth of an Individual

Equality of all persons

Majority Rule, Minority Rights

Necessity of Compromise

Individual Freedom

Democracy and the Free Enterprise System

Free enterprise system -

Law of supply and demand -

Mixed economy -

Origins of American Government

Our Political Beginnings

Basic concepts of Government

Ordered government

Limited government

Representative government

Landmark English Documents

Magna Carta

Petition of Right

English Bill of Rights

English Colonies


Royal Colonies - New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia

Proprietary colonies - Maryland, Pennsylvania, Delaware

Charter colonies - Connecticut and Rhode Island

The Coming of Independence

New England Confederation

Albany Plan of Union




Popular sovereignty

Declaration of Independence

Critical Period

Articles of Confederation


Presiding Officer

Creating and Ratifying the Constitution

Framers of the Constitution -

Virginia Plan -

New Jersey Plan -

Connecticut Compromise -

Three-Fifths Compromise -

Slave Trade Compromise -

Federalists -

Anti-Federalists -

Quorum -

The Constitution

Six Basic Principles



Basic Principles

Popular Sovereignty

Limited Government

  • Constitutionalism
  • Rule of law

Separation of powers

Checks and balances

  • Veto

Judicial review


Formal Amendment



   Upper house (Senate)
   Lower house


   Parliamentary system
   Parliamentary group
   Member of Parliament
   International parliament

Parliamentary procedure

   Motion (no-confidence)


   Congress (Member of Congress)
   City council (Councillor)
   The Estates

Legislator -

Committee member -

Trustee -

Delegate -

Partisan -

Politico -

Senator -

Political Philosophies

Main article: Political philosophy

Anarchism -

Conservativism -

Liberalism -

Egalitarianism -

Socialism -

Corporatism -

Nazism -

Authoritarianism -

Nationalism -

Totalitarianism -

Fascism -

Federalism – a political concept in which a group of members are bound together by covenant (Latin: foedus, covenant) with a governing representative head. The term "federalism" is also used to describe a system of the government in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and constituent political units (like states or provinces). Federalism is a system based upon democratic rules and institutions in which the power to govern is shared between national and provincial/state governments, creating what is often called a federation.

Feudalism -

Minarchism -

Absolutism -

Governments of the World

Political issues

Politics by region

Foreign relations by region

Political parties by region

History of politics

Political science

Main article: Political science

Political science is the field concerning the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behavior.

Fields of study of political science

Related disciplines

Political theory

Main article: Political theory


Main article: Election

Political parties

Main article: Political party

Political strategies and tactics

Political scholars

Influential literature

See also

Further reading


  1. Mabbett 1964 "References to the work in other Sanskrit literature attribute it variously to Viṣṇugupta, Cāṇakya and Kauṭilya. The same individual is meant in each case. The Pańcatantra explicitly identifies Chanakya with Viṣṇugupta."
  2. Oxford Handbook Of Political Theory
  3. Contemporary Political Theory

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