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Pagani Zonda

Pagani Zonda
File:PaganiZondaSF.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Pagani
Production 1999–2015[1]
Assembly Modena, Italy
Designer Horacio Pagani
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style 2-door berlinetta
2-door roadster
Layout Rear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 6.0 L AMG V12
7.0 L AMG V12
7.3 L AMG V12
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
6-speed sequential
Dimensions
Wheelbase Script error: No such module "convert".
Length Script error: No such module "convert".
Width Script error: No such module "convert".
Height Script error: No such module "convert".
Curb weight Dry weight:
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Chronology
Successor Pagani Huayra

The Pagani Zonda is a sports car built by the Italian manufacturer Pagani. It debuted in 1999, and production ended in 2011, with three special edition cars, the Zonda 760RS, Zonda 760LH and the Zonda 764 Passione, being produced in 2012. By June 2009, 135 Zondas had been built, including development mules. Both 2-door coupé and roadster versions have been produced. Construction is mainly of carbon fiber.

Some of the early Zonda engineering was done by Formula One champion Juan Manuel Fangio. The car was originally to be named the "Fangio F1" after him, but, following his death in 1995, it was renamed for the Zonda wind, a regional term for an air current above Argentina.[2]

Overview

Zonda C12

The Zonda C12 debuted in 1999 at the Geneva Motor Show. Powered by a Script error: No such module "convert". Mercedes-Benz V12 engine producing Script error: No such module "convert". at 5200 rpm and Script error: No such module "convert". at 3800 rpm mated to a 5-speed manual transmission gearbox. The C12 could accelerate to Script error: No such module "convert". in 4.2 seconds and to Script error: No such module "convert". in 9.2 seconds.

Just five of the original 6.0 L Pagani's were built, though it was still available in 2002 when the C12 S debuted. One was used for crash testing, while another was a demonstrator and show car. The remainder were delivered to customers during the next three years. A woman from Switzerland is confirmed to own the last remaining Zonda C12, rejecting the offer from Pagani himself to redeem the car for historical reasons.

Zonda S

The Zonda S uses a Script error: No such module "convert". AMG–tuned version of the engine producing Script error: No such module "convert".. It can accelerate to Script error: No such module "convert". in 3.7 secs, to Script error: No such module "convert". in 7.5 secs and complete the quarter mile in 11.3 secs. Lateral acceleration on the skidpad is 1.18 g (11.6 m/s²), it can reach a top speed of Script error: No such module "convert"., and carries a price tag of US$500,000.

The Zonda S features an elongated nose, flaps at the rear for improved aerodynamics, and new light clusters and exhausts. Only fifteen 7.0 L Zonda S cars were produced.

Zonda S 7.3

The Zonda S 7.3 of 2002 used a new, larger V12 engine displacing Script error: No such module "convert". designed and manufactured by Mercedes-Benz AMG producing Script error: No such module "convert". and Script error: No such module "convert".. And to better handle the power, traction control and ABS were made standard. Performance claims were unchanged from the Zonda S.

On the Autobahn in which the car topped out at Script error: No such module "convert"., Script error: No such module "convert". off the mark of its claimed top speed of Script error: No such module "convert".. Company representatives at Pagani's factory claimed this was the result of the car being in the setting for maximum down force, something that would drop its top speed to around Script error: No such module "convert".. However, the EVO article claimed that aerodynamic parts, specifically ones that created drag were removed during the run, bringing Pagani's claims into question.

Zonda Roadster

In 2003 Pagani presented the Zonda Roadster, a roadster version of the Zonda S 7.3. Carrying the same components as the coupé, Pagani promised no loss of performance, a claim supported by the minimal weight gain of Script error: No such module "convert".. A total of 40 roadsters were produced.[3]

Zonda F

The Zonda F (or Zonda Fangio) debuted at the 2005 Geneva Motor Show. It is the most extensive re-engineering of the Zonda yet, though it shares much with its predecessors including the 7.3 L AMG V12 engine which through enhanced intake manifolds, exhaust and a revised ECU now produces Script error: No such module "convert". at 6150 rpm and Script error: No such module "convert". at 4000 rpm.

Production of the Zonda F was limited to 25 cars. Named after Formula One driver Juan Manuel Fangio, it came equipped with an extra headlight and different fog lights at the sides, new bodywork (revised front end, new rear spoiler, more aerodynamic vents all around) that improved the car's aerodynamics, and different side mirrors. Further enhancements over the "S" centered around optional carbon/ceramic brakes developed in conjunction with Brembo, alloy wheels, Inconel exhaust system, hydroformed aluminum intake plenum and a redesigned "Z preg" weave in the crash structure to improve rigidity and reduce weight.

Zonda Roadster F

The Zonda Roadster F debuted at the 2006 Geneva auto show. It was similar to the coupé, but with a removable carbon fibre roof and canvas side curtains, weighing just Script error: No such module "convert".. Production of the Roadster F was limited to 25 units.

The Roadster F is able to maintain chassis rigidity without any gain in curb weight, eschewing conventional thinking by not strengthening the sills, a process which would have needed more than Script error: No such module "convert". of reinforcement. Pagani instead uses racing car thinking, materials and construction techniques, strengthening the firewall structure of the chassis tub together with billet alloy braces that connect the points where the roof rails would have joined. The windscreen is also strengthened for safety reasons. These techniques enable the Roadster to have virtually the same weight as the coupé, Script error: No such module "convert"..[4]

The Zonda Roadster F Clubsport was tested by Top Gear's The Stig and James May and achieved a lap time around their test track of 1:17.8, beating the Bugatti Veyron 16.4 tested during the same episode, but lost in a quarter mile drag race against the Veyron by nearly 2.5 seconds.[5] According to James May, the Zonda F Roadster costs £825,000. German racing driver Marc Basseng managed to lap the Zonda F Clubsport around the Script error: No such module "convert". Nürburgring Nordschleife in 7:24.7.[6]

Zonda Cinque

The Zonda Cinque (Italian for five) was meant to be the last iteration of the Zonda, being a road going version of the Zonda R. Only five were built — hence the name — at the cost of £1 million ($2,193,070), with deliveries set to June 2009 for all five cars.

The differences over other road-going Zondas are the new 6-speed sequential gearbox, resulting in shifts now taking less than 100 milliseconds, dropping 0–62 mph down to 3.4 seconds. The Cinque also has a revised form of carbon fibre called "carbo-titanium" which incorporates titanium to increase strength and rigidity. Suspension makes use of magnesium and titanium components, and the engine's power has been increased to Script error: No such module "convert".. Revised bodywork, which includes a longer front splitter, new sideskirts, rear diffuser, bumper canards and a flatter underside as well as a roof-mounted air intake scoop, enables the Cinque to create Script error: No such module "convert". of down-force at Script error: No such module "convert". and 1.45 G of cornering force.

The Zonda Cinque's prototype was designed specially for the purpose of filming a special live-action trailer for Need For Speed: Hot Pursuit, developed by Criterion Games, and built for shooting, with Horacio Pagani himself monitoring the construction of the car.

Zonda Cinque Roadster

The Roadster has the same specs as the Coupé from which it is derived and only five units were built, with a price of £1.3-million/US$2 million, plus local taxes.[7]

Zonda Tricolore

The final mass-produced Zonda was originally conceived as a one-off; there were actually three Tricolores built. It was built as a tribute to the country's aerobatic team. It carries much of the body from the Zonda Cinque. The car is unpainted except for a clear blue lacquer and red, white and green stripes that run up from the nose along the top of the car's surface. Unique to this car is a small wing placed behind the cockpit which reflects Frecce Tricolori's Aermacchi MB-339 PAN stunt plane tail wing. The three Tricolore's will be priced at £1.2 Million. It is also Script error: No such module "convert". faster than a standard Zonda at Script error: No such module "convert"..

Special editions

Monza

The Zonda Monza shown at the 2004 Paris Motor Show is a track-day version of the Zonda built for Omar Ahmed. Borrowing its appearance cues from the Zonda GR, the Monza included a dry sump version of the Zonda S 7.3 engine tuned to Script error: No such module "convert". and had improved cooling. Modified aerodynamics, including a different wing and front diffuser, allowed greater speed, as did optimized gearing. The car was lighter, with polycarbonate side windows, and an unmuffled exhaust is fitted. The revised interior includes different pedals, steering wheel, and seats, as well as a reinforced roll cage. Larger brakes and a stiffer suspension also improve performance. Finally, an external fire extinguisher is included for safety.

GJ

File:ZondaGJ.jpg
Pagani Zonda GJ

After a crash in Scotland involving "an internationally famous racing champ", a Zonda S owned by Scottish gas industry tycoon Gareth Jones was sent to the Pagani factory and became the one-off custom built Zonda GJ. It was finished in matte carbon and received a front wing upgrade and intake scoops located on the rear wheel arches, as well as several other features taken from the Cinque and F models. The car is still owned by Jones after failing to sell at auction.

Uno

File:PaganiZondaAbsolute.jpg
Pagani Zonda Absolute

A special one-off built for Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser Al-Thani, a member of the royal family of Qatar, famous for his turquoise car collection. Originally, the car was a Zonda F Roadster that was crashed in Qatar and was sent back to the factory to be rebuilt.[8] The car specifications are similar to those of a Cinque with the new carbon-titanium chassis. It also has the LEDs on the front of the car like the Tricolore. Unique to this car are the darkened rear lights and the rear exhaust; the four pipes are shorter than standard. Also, the black wheels with turquoise wheel-striping, and the dual-tone diffuser are eye-catchers, together with numerous black accents, like the collector of the exhaust tail pipes.

HH

The Zonda HH is a special one-off edition, in Monterey Blue, that features the engine from the Cinque and most of the bodywork from the Zonda F Roadster. The HH was commissioned by Danish programmer David Heinemeier Hansson.

750

The Zonda 750 was another special one-off edition Zonda for a member of the Al-Thani family. However the order for it was canceled due to a disagreement between the proposed owner and Pagani.[9] The 750 is mainly based on the Cinque, but also features several custom parts. It was expected that it would be finished in a purple colour, but the project was left incomplete in orange with the front end left unpainted. It was later revealed that it was a Zonda Cinque prototype that appeared in the short film of Need For Speed: Hot Pursuit. It was upgraded to 750 bhp upon customer's request. It is now known as the Zonda 760 Nonno. "Nonno" is Italian for grandfather, because it was actually the first prototype for the Zonda F model.

Absolute

The Pagani Zonda Absolute is a special one-off edition Zonda to be shipped to Hong Kong. It features a matte black carbon fiber body and the engine of the Pagani Zonda Cinque as well as a right hand drive.

PS

A one-off special that was commissioned by Peter Saywell. It was finished in white with yellow striping on the side.[10] The car is the only one with all four exhaust pipes placed in a row instead of a square.[11] In January 2013 pictures surfaced of a redesigned Zonda PS. The PS has now been finished in bright blue and has the same rear-fin, air intakes, roof scoop and the spoiler as the 760RS & 760LH, but the exhaust pipes arranged in a row have now been replaced with the original layout. Also it features the same day-time LEDs as on the Tricolore, 760LH and the 760RS. What makes this Zonda unique is that its front arches are fitted with carbon-fibre fenders for improved down-force. The interior remained unchanged.[12]

Zonda F Roadster Final Edition

The last Zonda F Roadster was commissioned in 2010 and 2011 to commemorate the end of the Zonda F production. All of them were finished with a carbon-fibre body and the power was increased to 665 bhp.

760RS

The Zonda 760RS is another one-off version built for a businessman in Chile, who is said to be a very close friend of Horacio Pagani. It has a 760 hp engine attached to a sequential gearbox and finished with a carbon exterior and black interior. The 760RS also features a distinctive rear fin that runs down the centre of the car, while also feature the same air ducts and roof air intake as the Cinque.[13]

760LH

Same as the Zonda 760 RS, it features a different colour, purple, both for the exterior and the interior, and a manual gearbox instead of the sequential one.[14] It has been commissioned upon request of Formula One driver Lewis Hamilton, hence the initials LH.

764 Passione

The Zonda 764 Passione features the same appearances as that of the 760RS and the 760LH, but features a bigger rear spoiler and bigger distinctive central rear fin. It is finished in grey carbon fibre with accents of natural carbon fibre with light grey striping on the sides and the Italian flag running alongside the nose just like on the Tricolore. The car has purple-pink interior with wooden steering wheel, all done upon customer's request. The 7.3L V12 AMG M120 engine is tuned to produce 760 hp and is mated to the same 6-speed manual gearbox Lewis Hamilton commissioned on his Zonda. The 764 Passione was delivered to its owner in Tokyo, Japan in December 2012.[15]

760 Fantasma

The 760 Fantasma is the fourth 760-series Zonda, after the 760RS, 760LH and 764 Passione, and is a rebuilt orange Zonda F which was badly damaged in an accident in Hong Kong during 2012.[16] The car was originally commissioned by Peter Saywell, chassis number 53, who later sold it to a Chinese businessman in Hong Kong. After the car's accident it was sent back to the Pagani factory where it was repaired and received all the 760-series upgrades. The central monocoque is now made of Carbotanium and finished in reddish maroon with the Italian flag running up from its nose like the Zonda Tricolore with the central section left unpainted. The only details remaining unchanged are wheels which are from the Zonda F and the interior.[17]

The 760-series Zondas are considered to be the most powerful road-legal Zondas ever produced.

Zonda R

Zonda R
File:Zonda R Front 1.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Pagani
Production 2009–2014 (15 produced)
Designer Horacio Pagani
Body and chassis
Class Racing car
Body style 2-door coupé
Layout Rear mid-engine, rear-wheel drive
Related Pagani Huayra
Powertrain
Engine 6.0 L AMG V12
Transmission Xtrac 672 6-speed sequential manual
Dimensions
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Length Script error: No such module "convert".
Width Script error: No such module "convert".
Height Script error: No such module "convert".
Curb weight Script error: No such module "convert".(dry weight)

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The Zonda R debuted at the Geneva Motor Show 2007, using the 6.0 litre V12 M120 engine sourced from the race version of the Mercedes-Benz CLK-GTR.[18] The Zonda R's competition lies with track-based cars, such as the Ferrari FXX and Maserati MC12 Corsa rather than the original Zonda's road competitors as it is not road-homologated.

Despite sharing much of the Zonda's shape, the R is almost entirely new, sharing only 10% of the Zonda F's components. It has been obliquely suggested by Horacio Pagani that this car is a testbed chassis for certain components of the Zonda's replacement, the Pagani Huayra (in the same vein as the Ferrari 288 GTO Evoluzione and the successive F40) and that the Zonda R accurately reflects some of the Huayra's features. Only 15 Zonda R were produced.

Chassis

The central carbon chassis incorporates a roll cage and a rubber racing fuel cell with 4 fuel pumps and quick refuel filler cap, similar to GT race cars. The wheelbase has been increased by Script error: No such module "convert". to increase stability. The front and rear subframes are brand-new, built to accommodate new suspension geometry, and produced in Avional. The slick-shod wheels are new forged-magnesium center-lock models, which in conjunction with on-board pneumatic airjacks (again, like the FXX) allow rapid change of the entire wheel assemblies.

The car senses, displays and logs information about the amount of down-force that is generated at each wheel at all times. It is thought that this system will enable owners to adjust set-up according to track conditions and to improve their cornering technique.

Bodywork

In addition to the wheelbase increase (47 mm), overall length has increased by Script error: No such module "convert". and track by Script error: No such module "convert".. The bodywork and aerodynamics have been altered to offer maximum down-force, featuring a longer front bonnet with flaps, a closed underbody and a new rear overhang with adjustable rear wing and race-derived diffuser. These are intended to translate into increased aerodynamic efficiency and down-force for maximum cornering speed. It is also noted that the car's new rear bodywork is minimal in the extreme, being composed mostly of vent. This is thought to be symptomatic of the need to keep the engine cool enough, even under hard track use. Again, this is similar to the gutted bodywork of the Ferrari FXX Evoluzione.

Engine

File:PaganiZondaR-engine.jpg
Zonda R engine (Mercedes-Benz M120 AMG)

Output has increased to Script error: No such module "convert". at 8500 rpm and Script error: No such module "convert". of torque. A lightweight carbon fibre high performance intake system, racing multiple disc centered clutch and Formula One-style exhaust system, hydroformed in Inconel 625 and ceramic coated for optimal heat dissipation, have been added. The AMG-built engine is mated to a 6-speed longitudinally-mounted manual sequential synchronized gearbox.

Interior

The car's interior is spartan, reflecting the car's racetrack aspirations and intended home, and features seats customized to the driver to offer maximum support. As before, the Digitek instrumentation provides essential information and the sophisticated telemetry allows a variety of sensors to monitor numerous aspects of the car.

Nürburgring

The Zonda R holds a record-breaking lap time at the Nürburgring of 6:47.48.

Zonda R Evolution

The Zonda R Evolution is an updated version of the Zonda R. It features many changes over the previous Zonda R. Also the car takes many pieces and inspirations from the Zonda 760RS. It is finished in pearl white with exposed carbon-fibre on the nose. The 6.0L V12 engine is uprated to 800 hp. The body work is still the same, but has improved aerodynamics. It features a bigger air spliter above the two standard air spliter on the front bumper and a pair of small splitter on the sides of rear bumper. A bigger rear central fin — even bigger than the 760 series Zondas — and a small spoiler added below the standard Zonda R spoiler improves aerodynamics and increases down-force.

Zonda Revolución

File:Pagani Zonda Revolucion 01 -- Geneva Motor Show -- 2014-03-09.jpg
Pagani Zonda Revolución at the 2014 Geneva Motor Show.

Pagani unveiled the final version of the Zonda, called Zonda Revolución to clients and family members during "Vanishing Point 2013", the International Pagani gathering.[19] The central monocoque is carbon-titanium, the needle on the scale stops at 1070 kg. The Mercedes-AMG engine is an evolution of the Zonda R powerplant. The 6.0-liter V12 now develops an output of Script error: No such module "convert". and Script error: No such module "convert". of torque,[20] resulting in a power to weight ratio of 748 hp per tonne. The 6-speed magnesium transversal and sequential gearbox changes gears in 20ms. The traction control developed by Bosch with 12 different settings and the renewed ABS system, allows the driver to adapt the behavior of the car to his driving style. The aerodynamics feature new deflectors on the front bonnet, as well as a vertical stabilizer mounted on the rear bonnet. The Zonda Revolución also features a DRS (Drag Reduction System) on the rear wing. The system has two different operating modes, both can be activated by the driver at any time. The manual system is controlled with the DRS button on the steering wheel. The rear wing changes between maximum and minimum down-force settings, at the occurrence of a lateral acceleration of 0.8 g and a minimum speed of Script error: No such module "convert".. Holding down the DRS for more than two seconds engages the DRS to work automatically according to the algorithms developed by the Pagani engineers during the development phase. The Brembo braking system adopts new CCMR discs derived from F1 technology. With a weight saving of 15% compared to the previous CCM discs, the CCMR offer higher stiffness and lower operating temperatures on extreme track use. This contributes to the life of the disc which is increased by four times, with no sign of fading and a significant overall increase in braking power. Each Revolución, of which only five were built, was priced at 2.2 million before taxes.

Racing

Zonda GR

Development of the Zonda GR started in December 2002. At this stage the Zonda was nearly four years old, but had yet to be entered in major motorsports. Tom Weickardt, owner of American Viperacing, Toine Hezemans, owner of Carsport Holland, and Paul Kumpen, owner of GLPK Racing, created a new company, Carsport Zonda, to build a racing version. They secured exclusive rights to develop, build and sell competition Zondas from Horacio Pagani, and the first GR was completed at Carsport's facility in Modena within months.

The Zonda GR is based on the Zonda S. It was built on the same carbon fiber chassis, with tube frames in front and back. The bodywork was modified to include front and rear diffusers and louvers for improved aerodynamics. The car was Script error: No such module "convert". wide, in accordance with the regulations of the FIA and ACO. The car's weight was reduced to Script error: No such module "convert"., and a new suspension was designed. New wheels and brakes were also specified. The engine was equipped with an enlarged radiator, and the engine and gearbox also had new oil coolers.

The performance of the Zonda GR is well beyond that of the stock car. The car sprints from 0 to Script error: No such module "convert". in 3.3 seconds and the engine produces around Script error: No such module "convert". at 5,800 rpm and Script error: No such module "convert". of torque at 4,300 rpm with a redline increased to 7,500 rpm.

The car was entered into the 2003 24 Hours of Le Mans, but retired after ten laps due to a gearbox failure.[21]

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ © duPont REGISTRY™ (2007-03-08). "2013 Pagani Zonda R Evo Review, Specs, and Pictures". © duPont REGISTRY™. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  2. ^ m120[clarification needed]
  3. ^ Zonda Roadster Pagani Automobili 2013-07-14
  4. ^ "Further information and photos". Sybarites.org. 2006-02-24. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  5. ^ "Pagani Zonda vs Bugatti Veyron". topgear.com. 2014-08-09. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "PistonHeads Headlines". Pistonheads.com. 2009-08-20. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  7. ^ "Pagani Zonda Cinque Roadster news - Cinque hole - 2009 - BBC Top Gear". Topgear.com. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  8. ^ "Pagani Zonda 750 One-off - Page 2". Teamspeed.com. Retrieved 2011-03-20. 
  9. ^ "Pagani Zonda 750 One-off". Teamspeed.com. Retrieved 2011-03-20. 
  10. ^ "Pagani Zonda PS". Flickr. Retrieved 26 January 2013. 
  11. ^ "Zonda PS exhausts". Flickr. Retrieved 26 January 2013. 
  12. ^ Anderson, Brad (11 January 2013). "Redesigned Pagani Zonda PS Spied for the First Time". GTspirit. Retrieved 26 January 2013. 
  13. ^ "Extreme Pagani Zonda 760 RS Caught on Camera". GTspirit. Retrieved 2012-04-05. 
  14. ^ Tutu, Andrei (21 May 2012). "Lewis Hamilton Gets a Pagani Zonda". Autoevolution. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  15. ^ "Gallery: Pagani Zonda 764 Passione". GTspirit.com. Retrieved 2012-12-02. 
  16. ^ "Car Crash: Pagani Zonda F Wrecked in Hong Kong - Update". gtspirit.com. 
  17. ^ Brad Anderson (14 February 2014). "One-off Pagani Zonda 760 Fantasma Revealed in Hong Kong". GTspirit. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  18. ^ Tom Stewart (2007-03-08). "Hasil Penelusuran Gambar Google untuk http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3660/3614615477_3e4f72c0af.jpg". Revue Automobile. Retrieved 2008-03-12. 
  19. ^ "Pagani Zonda Revolucion at the 9° Pagani Gathering". Pagani Automobili. Retrieved 2013-06-05. 
  20. ^ "Pagani Says Goodbye to the Zonda with the Revolucion". Automoblog.net. 2013-06-04. Retrieved 2013-06-05. 
  21. ^ "Auto News - GT Cars - Pagani challenges Ferrari ! - The official website of 24 Heures du Mans". 24h-lemans.com. 

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External links