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Palato-alveolar ejective affricate

Palato-alveolar ejective affricate
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The palato-alveolar ejective affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The sound is represented in the International Phonetic Alphabet with t͡ʃʼ. In some languages it is equivalent to a palatal ejective.


Features of the palato-alveolar ejective affricate:

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  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
  • The airstream mechanism is ejective (glottalic egressive), which means the air is forced out by pumping the glottis upward.


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe чӀыгуы About this sound [t͡ʃʼəɡʷə]  'land'
Armenian Yerevan dialect[1] ճյուղ [t͡ʃʼiʊ̯ʁ] 'branch' Corresponds to tenuis [t͡ʃ⁼] in other Eastern dialects.
Avar ворчӀами [wort͡ʃʼami] 'hello'
Georgian [t͡ʃʼɑ] 'well'
Haida jjabako [t͡ʃʼabako] 'rock hyrax'
Lushootseed č̓ [t͡ʃʼʉʁˀ] 'one'
Tlingit ch’áak’ [t͡ʃʼáːkʼ] 'bald eagle'

See also



  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company