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Pallava alphabet

Pallava
125px
Type
Languages Tamil, Prakrit
Time period
6th century AD to 9th century AD
Parent systems
Brāhmī
  • Southern Brāhmī
    • Pallava
Sister systems
Vatteluttu alphabet

The Pallava script, a Brahmic script, was developed under the Pallava dynasty of Southern India around the 6th century AD.

Southeast Asian scripts such as Javanese,[1] Kawi, Baybayin, Mon, Burmese,[2] Khmer,[3] Tai Tham, Thai[4] Lao,[5] and the New Tai Lue alphabets are either direct or indirect derivations from the Pallava alphabet.[6]

Form

The form shown here is based on examples from the 7th century AD. Letters labeled * have uncertain sound value, as they have little occurrence in Southeast Asia. (Chart of images based on Pallava glyphs presented at SkyKnowledge.com.)

Consonants

Each consonant has an inherent /a/, which will be sounded if no vowel sign is attached. If two consonants follow one another without intervening vowel, the second consonant is made into a subscript form, and attached below the first.

ka kha ga gha ṅa ca cha ja jha* ña ṭa ṭha* ḍa ḍha* ṇa ta tha
x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px
da dha na pa pha ba bha ma ya ra la va śa ṣa sa ha
x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px

Independent Vowels

a aa i ii u e o ai* au*
x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px x40px

Bibliography

  • Sivaramamurti, C, Indian Epigraphy and South Indian Scripts. Bulletin of the Madras Government Museum. Chennai 1999

References

  1. ^ "Javanese alphabet, pronunciation and language (aksara jawa)". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  2. ^ "Burmese/Myanmar script and pronunciation". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  3. ^ "Khmer/Cambodian alphabet, pronunciation and language". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  4. ^ http://www.ancientscripts.com/thai.html
  5. ^ "Lao alphabet, pronunciation and language". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  6. ^ "Pallava script". SkyKnowledge.com. 2010-12-30. 

External links