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Papeda (food)

Papeda served with yellow soup and grilled tude (mackerel) fish
Alternative names Pepeda, Bubur Sagu
Course Main course, staple food
Place of origin Indonesia
Region or state Maluku and Papua
Creator Indonesian cuisine
Serving temperature Hot or room temperature
Main ingredients Sago
16x16px Cookbook:Papeda  16x16px Papeda

Papeda or bubur sagu, is sago congee, the staple food of native people in Maluku and Papua.[1] It is commonly found in eastern Indonesia, as the counterpart of central and western Indonesian cuisines that favour rice as their staple food.[2]

Papeda is made from sago flour. The Papuan natives acquire the flour by felling the trunk of a sago tree, cutting it in half, and scraping the inner parts of the trunk. The trunk pulp is then mixed with water and squeezed to extract the starch-rich essence. The still moist sago flour is usually stored in a container made of sago palm leaflets, called tumang in which it will keep for several months before spontaneous fermentation will turn it too acidic and unsuitable for making papeda. Depending on the variety and the growing conditions, it may take a sago tree five to fifteen years to accumulate enough starch in its trunk to make the effort of extracting it worthwhile.[3]

Papeda is made by cooking sago flour with water and stirring until it coagulates. It has a glue-like consistency and texture.[1] Papeda is usually eaten with yellow soup made from mackerel, tuna or mubara fish spiced with turmeric and lime. Papeda sometimes also consumed with starchy tubers, such as boiled cassava and yam. Sayur bunga pepaya (papaya flower bud vegetables) and tumis kangkung (stir-fried water spinach) are often served as side dish vegetables to accompany papeda.[2]

There are similar dishes in Malaysia, where it is called Linut, part of the Melanau cuisine in the East Malaysia state of Sarawak, and in Brunei, where it is called Ambuyat.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Papeda, Maluku: Bubur 'Lem' Segar Bergizi". Femina (in Indonesian). Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Agung BS (10 December 2013). "Papeda, Makanan Sehat Khas Papua". Tribun News (in Indonesian). Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  3. Schuiling, D.L. (2009) Growth and development of true sago palm (Metroxylon sagu Rottbøll) with special reference to accumulation of starch in the trunk: a study on morphology, genetic variation and ecophysiology, and their implications for cultivation. (PhD thesis Wageningen University).

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