Open Access Articles- Top Results for Party of European Socialists

Party of European Socialists

This article is about the europarty established in 1992. For the European Parliament Group and its predecessors, see Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats.
Party of European Socialists
President Sergei Stanishev (Bulg.)
Founded 1973 (Confederation)
9–10 November 1992 (Party)
Headquarters Rue du Trône/Troonlaan 98, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
Youth wing Young European Socialists
Ideology Social democracy[1][2]
International affiliation Socialist International,
Progressive Alliance
European Parliament group Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Colours Red
Political foundation Foundation for European Progressive Studies
Politics of the European Union
Political parties

The Party of European Socialists (PES) is a social-democratic European political party.[3] The PES comprises national-level political parties primarily from member states of the European Union (EU) and other nations of the European continent. The PES member parties are themselves members of the Socialist International. The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) is the political group in the European Parliament of the PES. The PES also operates in the Committee of the Regions (in the PES Group in the Committee of the Regions) and the European Council. The PES is currently led by Sergei Stanishev, former Prime Minister of Bulgaria.

The PES includes major parties such as the Italian Democratic Party (PD), the British Labour Party, French Socialist Party (PS), German Social Democratic Party (SPD), but has member parties in all EU states.


The party's English name is "Party of European Socialists". In addition, the following names are used in other languages:

  • Albanian: Partia Socialiste Europiane
  • Bosnian: Partija europskih socijalista
  • Bulgarian: Партия на европейските социалисти
  • Croatian: Stranka europskih socijalista
  • Czech: Evropská strana sociálně demokratická
  • Danish: De Europæiske Socialdemokrater
  • Dutch: Partij van de Europese Sociaaldemocraten
  • Estonian: Euroopa Sotsialistlik Partei
  • Finnish: Euroopan sosialidemokraattinen puolue
  • French: Parti socialiste européen
  • German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas
  • Greek: Ευρωπαϊκό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα
  • Hungarian: Európai Szocialisták Pártja
  • Icelandic: Flokkur evrópskra sósíalista
  • Irish: Páirtí na Sóisialaithe Eorpach
  • Italian: Partito del Socialismo Europeo
  • Maltese: Partit tas-Soċjalisti Ewropej
  • Latvian: Eiropas Sociāldemokrātiskā partija
  • Lithuanian: Europos socialistų partija
  • Macedonian: Партија на европските социјалисти
  • Norwegian: Det europeiske sosialdemokratiske partiet
  • Polish: Partia Europejskich Socjalistów
  • Portuguese: Partido Socialista Europeu
  • Romanian: Partidul Socialiștilor Europeni
  • Serbian: Партија европског социјализма
  • Slovak: Strana európskych socialistov
  • Slovene: Stranka evropskih socialistov
  • Spanish: Partido Socialista Europeo
  • Swedish: Europeiska socialdemokratiska partiet
  • Turkish: Avrupa Sosyalistler Partisi

In March 2014 following the congress in Rome, the PES added the tagline "Socialists and Democrats" to its name following the admission of the Democratic Party into the organisation.[4]



In 1961, the Socialists in the European Parliament attempted to produce a common European Socialist Programme but were neglected due to the applications of Britain, Denmark, Ireland and Norway to join the European Communities. The Socialist's 1962 congress pushed for greater democratisation and powers for Parliament though it was only in 1969 that this possibility was examined by the member states.[5]


In 1973, Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom joined the European Community bringing in new parties from these countries. The enlarged Socialist Congress met in Bonn and inaugurated the Confederation of the Socialist Parties of the European Community. The Congress also passed a resolution on social policy, including the right to decent work, social security, democracy and equality in the European economy.[6] In 1978, the Confederation of Socialist Parties approved the first common European election Manifesto. It focused on several goals among which the most important were to ensure a right to decent work, fight pollution, end discrimination, protect the consumer and promote peace, human rights and civil liberties.


The Luxembourg Congress approved the first Statue of the Confederation of Socialist Parties in 1980. The accession of Greece in 1981, followed by Spain and Portugal in 1986 brought in more parties. In 1984 another common Socialist election manifesto was approved at a congress in Luxembourg. The Manifesto proposed a socialist remedy for the economic crisis by establishing a link between industrial production, protection of the fundamental social benefits and the fight for an improved quality of life.[6]


In 1992, with the European Communities becoming the European Union and with the Treaty of Maastricht establishing the framework for political parties at the European Level, the Confederation was able to mobilize a majority of delegates in favour of transforming the Confederation into the Party of European Socialists. The first programme of the party concentrated on job creation, democracy, gender equality, environmental and consumer protection, peace and security, regulation of immigration, discouragement of racism and fighting organised crime.[6]

Along with the Socialist Group in the European Parliament, the founding members of the PES were the Social Democratic Party of Austria, the Socialist Party (Francophone) and the Socialist Party (Flemish) of Belgium, the Social Democrats of Denmark, the Socialist Party of France, the Social Democratic Party of Germany, the Panhellenic Socialist Movement of Greece, the Labour Party of Ireland, the Italian Democratic Socialist Party, Italian Socialist Party and Democratic Party of the Left of Italy, the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party, the Labour Party of the Netherlands, Socialist Party of Portugal, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, Swedish Social Democratic Party and the Labour Party and Social Democratic and Labour Party of the UK.[7]


In 2004 Poul Nyrup Rasmussen defeated Giuliano Amato to be elected President of the PES, succeeding Robin Cook in the post. He was re-elected for a further 2.5 years at the PES Congress in Porto on 8 December 2006 and for another 2.5 years at the Prague Congress in 2009.

In 2010, the Foundation for European Progressive Studies was founded as the political foundation of the PES.

He resigned at the PES Progressive Convention of Brussels on 24 November 2011, and was replaced by Sergei Dmitrievich Stanishev, chairman of the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP), elected PES Interim President, by acclamation, by the PES Presidency.

On the same day, the PES Council made the decision that the next PES candidate for Commission President would be democratically elected through a PES presidential primary taking place in January 2014.

Brussels Congress, 28–29 September 2012

The Party of European Socialists (PES) held its latest Congress in Brussels on 28–29 September 2012.[8] These congresses are organized every two and a half years,[9] once during the year of the elections for the European Parliament, and once at mid-term. The latest Congress elected Sergei Stanishev as PES President, as well as four deputies: Jean-Christophe Cambadélis (1st Vice-President – PS), Elena Valenciano (PSOE), Jan Royall (Labour) and Katarina Nevedalova (Smer-SD) and prepared the 2014 European elections. The same Congress elected Achim Post (SPD) as new Secretary General.

The congress also adopted a process presented by the PES as more democratic and transparent[10] for the selection of their candidate for the Presidency of the European Commission in 2014.


Presidents of the Party of European Socialists and its predecessors.[11]

President State National party Term
1. Wilhelm Dröscher 23x15px Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany April 1974 January 1979
2. Robert Pontillon 23x15px France Socialist Party January 1979 March 1980
3. Joop den Uyl 23x15px Netherlands Labour Party March 1980 May 1987
4. Vítor Constâncio 23x15px Portugal Socialist Party May 1987 January 1989
5. Guy Spitaels 23x15px Belgium Socialist Party February 1989 May 1992
6. Willy Claes 23x15px Belgium Socialist Party November 1992 October 1994
7. Rudolf Scharping 23x15px Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany March 1995 May 2001
8. Robin Cook 23x15px United Kingdom Labour Party May 2001 24 April 2004
9. Poul Nyrup Rasmussen 23x15px Denmark Social Democrats 24 April 2004 24 November 2011
10. Sergei Stanishev 23x15px Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party 24 November 2011


There are thirty-two full member parties from all the twenty-eight member states and Norway. There are a further eleven associate and ten observer parties. PES is an associated organisation of the Socialist International. Young European Socialists is the youth organisation of PES and PES Women is the party's women's organisation, led by Zita Gurmai.[12]

The parties meet at the party Congress twice every five years to decide on political orientation, such as adopting manifestos ahead of elections. Every year that the Congress does not meet, the Council (a quarter Congress) shapes PES policy. The Congress also elects the party's President, Vice Presidents and the Presidency.[12]

The President (currently former Prime Minister of Bulgaria Sergei Stanishev) represents the party on a daily basis and chairs the Presidency, which also consists of the Secretary General, President of the S&D group in Parliament and one representative per full/associate member party and organisation. They may also be joined by the President of the European Parliament (if a PES member), a PES European Commissioner and a representative from associate parties and organisations.[12]

The Leader's Conference brings together Prime Ministers and Party Leaders from PES parties three to four times a year to agree strategies and resolutions.[12]

In December 2009, the PES decided to put forward a candidate for Commission President at all subsequent elections.[13] On the 1st of March, 2014, the PES organised for the first time a European election Congress where a Common Manifesto [14] was adopted and the Common Candidate designate for the post of Commission President, Martin Schulz, was elected by over a thousand participants in Rome, Italy. PES member parties across Europe joined forces to campaign for the European elections, and a mass grassroots movement sprang up in support of Martin Schulz, aiming to ‘knock the vote’ in support of his candidacy.

PES in the European institutions

Overview of the European institutions

Organisation Institution Number of seats
23x15px European Union European Parliament
191 / 751
23x15px European Union Committee of the Regions
122 / 353
23x15px European Union European Commission
8 / 28
23x15px European Union European Council
(Heads of Government)
11 / 28
23x15px European Union Council of the European Union
(Participation in Government)
19 / 28
23x15px Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly
69 / 318

European Parliament

European Commission

European Commissioners are meant to remain independent, however there has been an increasing degree of politicisation within the Commission.[15] In the current European Commission, eight of the Commissioners belong to the PES family.

Portfolio Commissioner State Political party Photo
High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security PolicyHigh Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica MogheriniFederica Mogherini
PD 100px
1st Vice-President of the European Commission

1st Vice-President;
Better Regulation, Inter-Institutional Relations, the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights

Frans TimmermansFrans Timmermans
PvdA 100px
Energy UnionVice-President;
Energy Union
SefčovičMaroš Šefčovič
SMER-SD 100px
Regional Policy Corina CrețuCorina Crețu
PSD 100px
Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs MoscoviciPierre Moscovici
PS 100px
Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Karmenu VellaKarmenu Vella
LP 100px
International Cooperation and Development MimicaNeven Mimica
SDP 100px
Health and Food Safety Vytenis AndriukaitisVytenis Andriukaitis
SDP 100px

European Council

The PES has eleven out of the 28 heads of State or Government that attend the PES summits in preparation for the European Council:

Member State Representative Title Political party Member of the Council since Photo
23x15px Austria
Werner Faymann
Federal Chancellor
Social Democratic Party of Austria
2 December 2008
23x15px Croatia
Zoran Milanović
President of the Government
Social Democratic Party of Croatia
23 December 2011
23x15px Czech Republic
Bohuslav Sobotka
Chairman of the Government
Czech Social Democratic Party
29 January 2014
23x15px Denmark
Helle Thorning-Schmidt
Minister of State
Social Democrats
3 October 2011
23x15px France
François Hollande
Socialist Party
15 May 2012
23x15px Italy
Matteo Renzi
President of the Council of Ministers
Democratic Party
22 February 2014
23x15px Lithuania
Algirdas Butkevičius
Prime Minister
Social Democratic Party
13 December 2012
23x15px Malta
Joseph Muscat
Prime Minister
Labour Party
11 March 2013
23x15px Romania
Victor Ponta
Prime Minister
Social Democratic Party
7 May 2012
23x15px Slovakia
Robert Fico
Chairman of the Government
Direction – Social Democracy
4 April 2012
23x15px Sweden
Stefan Löfven
Prime Minister
Social Democratic Party
3 October 2014

European Council and Council of Ministers

File:Party affiliations in the European Council (29 May 2015).png
The states of the European Union by the European party affiliations of their leaders, as of 5 July 2020</br>Does not account for coalitions. Key to colours is as follows;
  Party of European Socialists

Party-alignment at the European Council is often loose, but has been the basis of some intergovernmental cooperation. At present eleven countries are led by a PES-affiliated leader, who represents that state at the European Council: Austria (Werner Faymann), Croatia (Zoran Milanovic), the Czech Republic (Bohuslav Sobotka), Denmark (Helle Thorning-Schmidt), France (François Hollande), Italy (Matteo Renzi), Lithuania (Algirdas Butkevičius), Malta (Joseph Muscat), Romania (Victor Ponta), Slovakia (Robert Fico and Sweden Stefan Löfven).

The makeup of national delegations to the Council of Ministers is at some times subject to coalitions: for the above governments led by a PES party, that party may not be present in all Council configurations; in other governments led by non-PES parties a PES minister may be its representative for certain portfolios. PES is in coalition in a further seven countries: Finland, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, The Netherlands and Slovenia.


State Governing parties Affiliated EU party Population
23x15px Germany Christian Democratic Union
Social Democratic Party
Christian Social Union
80,585,700 29
23x15px France Socialist Party
Radical Party of the Left
Europe Ecology – The Greens
65,397,900 29
23x15px Italy Democratic Party
New Centre-Right
Union of the Centre
60,782,688 29
23x15px Romania Social Democratic Party
Conservative Party
National Union for the Progress of Romania
21,355,800 14
23x15px Netherlands People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
Labour Party
16,730,300 13
23x15px Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party
ANO 2011
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
10,513,209 12
23x15px Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party
Green Party
9,658,301 10
23x15px Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria
Austrian People's Party
8,443,000 10
23x15px Denmark Social Democrats
Social Liberal Party
5,580,500 7
23x15px Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy PES 5,404,300 7
23x15px Finland National Coalition Party
Social Democratic Party of Finland
Left Alliance
Green League
Swedish People's Party of Finland
Christian Democrats
5,401,300 7
23x15px Ireland Fine Gael
Labour Party
4,582,800 7
23x15px Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia
Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats
Istrian Democratic Assembly
4,398,200 7
23x15px Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania
Labour Party
Order and Justice
Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania
3,007,800 7
23x15px Slovenia Positive Slovenia
Social Democrats
Civic List
Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia
2,055,500 4
23x15px Luxembourg Democratic Party
Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party
The Greens
524,900 4
23x15px Malta Labour Party PES 416,100 3

Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

Further information: Socialist Group

Committee of the Regions

PES has 122 members in the Committee of the Regions as of 2014.[16]

Member parties

It has 33 full members from 27 of the 28 EU states plus Norway, although not all of them have elected MEPs.[17]

State Name abbr. European MPs
23x15px Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria SPÖ
5 / 18
23x15px Belgium Socialist Party PS
3 / 8
Socialist Party – Differently sp.a
1 / 13
23x15px Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party BSP
4 / 17
23x15px Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia SDP
2 / 11
23x15px Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy EDEK
2 / 6
23x15px Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party ČSSD
4 / 21
23x15px Denmark Social Democrats A
3 / 13
23x15px Estonia Social Democratic Party SDE
1 / 6
23x15px Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland SDP
2 / 13
23x15px France Socialist Party PS
13 / 74
23x15px Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD
27 / 96
23x15px Greece Panhellenic Socialist Movement PASOK
4 / 21
23x15px Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party MSZP
4 / 21
Hungarian Social Democratic Party MSZDP
0 / 21
23x15px Ireland Labour Party Labour
1 / 11
23x15px Italy Democratic Party PD
31 / 73
Italian Socialist Party PSI
0 / 73
23x15px Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania LSDP
2 / 11
23x15px Luxembourg Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party LSAP
1 / 6
23x15px Malta Labour Party PL
3 / 6
23x15px Netherlands Labour Party PvdA
3 / 26
23x15px Norway Labour Party AP
23x15px Poland Democratic Left Alliance SLD
4 / 51
Labour United UP
1 / 51
23x15px Portugal Socialist Party PS
8 / 21
23x15px Romania Social Democratic Party PSD
16 / 32
23x15px Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy Smer-SD
4 / 13
23x15px Slovenia Social Democrats SD
1 / 8
23x15px Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party PSOE
14 / 54
23x15px Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party SAP
6 / 20
23x15px United Kingdom Labour Party Labour
20 / 73
Social Democratic and Labour Party SDLP
0 / 73
Associated parties
State Name abbr. European MPs
23x15px Albania Socialist Party of Albania PSS
23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina SDP
23x15px Bulgaria Party of Bulgarian Social Democrats PBS
0 / 8
Template:Country data Iceland Social Democratic Alliance Samf.
23x15px Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia SDSM
23x15px Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro DPS
Social Democratic Party of Montenegro SDP
23x15px Serbia Democratic Party DS
23x16px  Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland SP/PS
23x15px Turkey Republican People's Party CHP
Peace and Democracy Party BDP
Observer parties
State Name abbr. European MPs
23x15px Andorra Social Democratic Party PS
Template:Country data Israel Israeli Labor Party עבודה
Meretz מרצ
23x15px Latvia Social Democratic Party "Harmony" SDPS
1 / 8
Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party LSDSP
0 / 8
23x15px Moldova Democratic Party of Moldova PDM
23x15px Morocco Socialist Union of Popular Forces USFP
23x15px Northern Cyprus Republican Turkish Party CTP
23x15px Palestine Fatah فتح
23x15px San Marino Party of Socialists and Democrats PSD
23x15px Tunisia Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties FDTL


  1. ^ Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  2. ^ Richard Dunphy (2004). Contesting Capitalism?: Left Parties and European Integration. Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-6804-1. 
  3. ^ Robert Thomson (15 September 2011). Resolving Controversy in the European Union: Legislative Decision-Making Before and After Enlargement. Cambridge University Press. pp. 14–. ISBN 978-1-139-50517-8. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Northern European Social Democracy and European Integration, 1960-1972. Moving towards a New Consensus?". Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c "History". Socialist Group website. Retrieved 11 November 2007. 
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Together for the Europe we need!". Zita Gurmai, President of PES Woman. 26 July 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "PES Statutes adopted by the 8th Congress" (PDF). PES. December 2009. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  10. ^ "Ethics in politics : For strong moral conduct through a strong moral code" (PDF). PES Presidency declaration. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  11. ^ "Former PES Presidents". PES website. Retrieved 21 January 2008. [dead link]
  12. ^ a b c d "How does PES work?". PES website. Retrieved 7 November 2007. [dead link]
  13. ^ "A New Direction for Progressive Societies. Resolution N. 2 A new way forward. Adopted by the 8th PES Congress" (PDF). PES. 8 December 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2010. 
  14. ^ "PES Manifesto Towards a New Europe. Adopted by Election Congress 2014 in Rome" (PDF). PES. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  15. ^ Mahony, Honor (7 May 2007). "Brussels struggles with communication policy.". EU Observer. Retrieved 12 May 2007. 
  16. ^ "PES Group Members". Retrieved 2015-01-13. 
  17. ^ "PES Members". PES website. Retrieved 7 November 2007. [dead link]

External links