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The Patisambhidamagga (paṭisambhidā-; Pali for "path of discrimination"; sometimes called just Patisambhida for short; abbrevs.: Paṭis, Pṭs) is a Buddhist scripture, part of the Pali Canon of Theravada Buddhism. It is included there as the twelfth book of the Sutta Pitaka's Khuddaka Nikaya. Tradition ascribes it to the Buddha's disciple Sariputta. It comprises 30 chapters on different topics, of which the first, on knowledge, makes up about a third of the book.
Tradition ascribes the Patisambhidamagga to the Buddha's great disciple, Sariputta. The text was dated by A.K. Warder to approximately 3rd century BCE. According to German tradition of Indology this text was likely composed around the 2nd century CE. L.S. Cousins in his review of Hinuber's overview of Pali literature notes that such a late dating must be a mistake based on unawareness of A.K. Warder's results, according to which the Patisambhidamagga represent an earlier stage of development of thought than Theravada canonical Abhidhamma treatises.
The Patisambhidamagga has three divisions (vagga) composed of ten "chapters" (kathā) each for a total of thirty chapters. The three divisions are:
- Mahāvagga ("Great Division") - starts with an enumeration (mātikā) of 73 types of knowledge (ñāṇa) which are then elaborated upon in detail.
- Yuganandhavagga ("Coupling Division") - poses a series of questions.
- Paññāvagga ("Wisdom Division") - answers the prior division's questions.
In addition, Mindfulness of Breathing, tr Nanamoli, 1998 (6th ed.), Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka, includes a translation of the Anapanakatha in the Patisambhidamagga, along with the Anapanasati Sutta and other material from Pali literature on the subject.
- This ascription can be found in the Pali commentary to the Patisambhidamagga (Paṭis-a I 1,18) (Hinüber, 2000, p. 60).
- Hinüber (2000), p. 60.
- Hinüber, Oskar von (2000). A Handbook of Pāli Literature. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-016738-7.
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