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Pedernales River

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Location of Pedernales River, Texas

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Pedernales River
Texas
The Pedernales River in Pedernales Falls State Park
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This page is a soft redirect.Edwards Plateau, Texas Hill Country

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This page is a soft redirect.Pedernales Falls State Park

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Kimble County, Texas
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Lake Travis, Travis County, Texas
30°25′51″N 98°03′36″W / 30.43083°N 98.06000°W / 30.43083; -98.06000Coordinates: 30°25′51″N 98°03′36″W / 30.43083°N 98.06000°W / 30.43083; -98.06000{{#coordinates: 30|25|51|N|98|03|36|W|type:river_region:US-TX primary name=

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This page is a soft redirect.170 km (106 mi)

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This page is a soft redirect.3,297 km2 (1,273 sq mi)

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Website: Pedernales River from the Handbook of Texas Online

The Pedernales River (/ˌpɜrdəˈnælɨs/ PUR-də-NAL-iss) is a tributary of the Colorado River, approximately Script error: No such module "convert". long, in central Texas in the United States. It drains an area of the Edwards Plateau, flowing west to east across the Texas Hill Country west of Austin. The name "Pedernales", first used in the middle 18th century, comes from a Spanish word for the flint rocks characteristic of the riverbed.

Description

The river rises from springs in southeastern Kimble County, approximately Script error: No such module "convert". southeast of Junction. It flows generally east into Gillespie County, past Fredericksburg, and into Blanco County, passing north of Johnson City. It joins the Colorado from the southwest in Lake Travis, approximately Script error: No such module "convert". west of Austin.

The river has a close association with the Texas Hill Country, tied to the history of the region and emblematic of its geography. Along its route it flows over numerous rugged limestone escarpments as it winds eastward, passing along the south side of the ranch of President Lyndon B. Johnson,[1] who grew up in nearby Stonewall, south of the river.

In 1750, Fray Benito Fernández de Santa Ana proposed a plan to the Spanish government that a mission be established among the Lipan Apache who lived along the river. In 1789, the river was the site of a skirmish between Colonel Francisco Xavier Ugalde and a group of Lipan and Mescalero Indians. The first permanent white settlement along the river was in 1846, when the town of Fredericksburg was established by German immigrants. The threat of raids from Apaches restricted settlement in the area until the 1880s.

Pedernales Falls State Park is located along the river in Blanco County east of Johnson City. Like many rivers in central Texas, it is prone to variable water levels. A sign at the state park shows a relatively tranquil river in one picture and a raging wall of muddy water in the next picture, said to be taken only five minutes after the first. The speed at which flash floods can arise along this river has resulted in several deaths at the park, and warning sirens have been installed in the park and elsewhere along the river. The lower river is a popular destination for whitewater rafting during the high-water season.

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