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Peugeot 106

Peugeot 106
File:Peugeot 106 front 20090730.jpg
Manufacturer Peugeot
Production 1991–2004[1] (2,798,200 units)
Assembly Mulhouse, France
Aulnay-sous-Bois, France
La Marsa, Tunisia (STAFIM)
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Related Citroën Saxo
Engine 1.0 L I4 (petrol)
1.1 L I4 (petrol)
1.3 L I4 (petrol)
1.4 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.5 L I4 (diesel)
Script error: No such module "convert". (electric)
Wheelbase Script error: No such module "convert". (1991–96)
Script error: No such module "convert". (1996–04)
Length Script error: No such module "convert". (1991–96)
Script error: No such module "convert". (1996–04)
Width Script error: No such module "convert". (1991–96)
Script error: No such module "convert". (1996–04)
Script error: No such module "convert". (XSi)
Height Script error: No such module "convert". (1991–96)
Script error: No such module "convert". (1996–04)
Script error: No such module "convert". (XSi)
Curb weight Script error: No such module "convert".
Successor Peugeot 107

The Peugeot 106 is a supermini produced by French automaker Peugeot from 1991 to 2004.

Phase I

File:Peugeot 106 rear 20070609.jpg
Peugeot 106 Phase I rear

The Peugeot 106 was introduced on 12 September 1991,[2] as the French marque's entry level car slotting in beneath the 205.

It was a substantial development of the Citroën AX platform. It was aimed directly at the Renault Clio, which had gone into production a year earlier, and as a more modern alternative to the slightly larger 205 which had been a massive success for Peugeot and was still proving popular almost a decade after its launch. Like the AX and the 205, the car had all independent suspension with MacPherson struts at the front, and compact transverse torsion bars at the rear. Winning praise for its attractive modern styling, comfortable ride, excellent handling and cheap running costs, the 106 quickly became popular. Sales in the United Kingdom began in November 1991.

Trim levels were basic XN, mid-range XR, top-spec XT, and the sporty XSi model (capable of nearly 120mph) mentioned above. The only bodystyle available from the launch was the three-door hatchback, with a five-door hatchback being added to the range in 1992.

In addition, from 1994 onwards there was a "Rallye" model offered. This was different from the XSi model with the TU2 series 1.3 litre petrol injection engine (Script error: No such module "convert".), and was only available in red, white or black. This stripped out version was designed for the sporting driver, and had little in the way of creature comforts, such as electric windows or power assisted steering. On the phase 1 model, a sunroof and anti lock brakes were the only options available from the factory, although many came with foglights or spoilers from the XSi models. In Portugal there was a special edition of 50 units of the Rallye, called R2, which feature extensive use of sporting material from the Peugeot-Talbot racing division which went even further with the extreme nature of the Rallye, with changes to the suspension, brakes, new 14 inch speedline mistral rims, racing seatbelts, and engine management and Devil exhaust upgrades, to produce Script error: No such module "convert"..

Phase II

File:Phase II 106 rallye 16V.JPG
Peugeot 106 Rallye 1.6L 16v 120hp (MY2001) - Greece
File:Peugeot 106 1.1 Independence.jpg
2001 Peugeot 106 Independence in Firedance Orange

In January 1996, the Peugeot 106 also formed the basis for the near identical looks and size Citroën Saxo, and at this time the 106 received a facelift which saw all engines get fuel injection and equipment levels raised. The XSi was dropped in favour of the new GTi model with a 1.6 16v engine.

From 1997–98, the Phase 2 Rallye was offered, and these combined the light, nimble chassis of the Phase 1 Rallye, with a 1.6 litre petrol injection engine (TU5J2, Script error: No such module "convert".) and updated looks and safety features of the later models (1996–1999). Optional Extras on the Phase 2 Rallye were; Power assisted steering, airbag and a sunroof. From 1996–1999 trim levels were XN, XL, XR, XT, XS and GTi. Note that in some European markets (e.g. Greece) the phase 2 Rallye adopted GTi's 1.6L 16v engine performing 120hp from 1998 onwards. That (plus the racing success in group N category of hillclimbing rally in Greece) boosted its sales and made the car the hottest small hatch at the time.

In October 1998, the Peugeot 106 range was reduced to the 1.1 L petrol (Independence, XN, XL, XT Look or Zest 1/2/3), 1.4 petrol (XR, Roland Garros or Quiksilver), 1.6 8v petrol (XS or Rallye) and 1.5 L diesel (XND) models as well as the 1.6 16v petrol (GTi/S16). This was due to the launch of the larger 206, which stole many sales from the 106. Peugeot initially intended to phase the 106 out, and market the 206 as its replacement, but later decided to replace the 106 with another all-new model.

In January 2004, the last Peugeot 106 rolled off the production line, after several years in production.[citation needed] The replacement, the 107, has been available since January 2005. By the time production ceased, the Peugeot 106 was one of the longest running production cars still made in Europe, but it was still proving fairly popular, especially in its home market of France.


  • 1.0 L (954 cc), TU9 engine, straight-4, OHC, 8-valve, Script error: No such module "convert".. This engine is fitted in most of the cars sold in Brazil, because of a tax on engines over 1.0 litres. In 1993, the 1.0 and 1.1 carburettor engines were replaced with single point injection engines using a catalytic converter.
  • 1.1 L (1124 cc) TU1 I4, Script error: No such module "convert". and Script error: No such module "convert".
  • 1.3 L (1294 cc) TU2 (TU2J2) I4, Script error: No such module "convert". and Script error: No such module "convert".
  • 1.4 L (1361 cc) TU3 I4, Script error: No such module "convert". and Script error: No such module "convert".
  • 1.4 L (1361 cc) TU3 I4, Script error: No such module "convert". and Script error: No such module "convert".
  • 1.4 L (1361 cc) TUD3 Diesel I4, Script error: No such module "convert". and Script error: No such module "convert".. Replaced in 1995 by the 1.5-litre engine
  • 1.5 L (1527 cc) TUD5 Diesel I4, Script error: No such module "convert". and Script error: No such module "convert".
  • 1.6 L (1587 cc) TU5 I4, Script error: No such module "convert". and Script error: No such module "convert"..
  • 1.6 L (1587 cc) TU5 I4, Script error: No such module "convert". and Script error: No such module "convert"..
  • 1.6 L (1587 cc) TU5 16-valve I4, Script error: No such module "convert". and Script error: No such module "convert".
  • 'Electrique' (0 cc) Converted by French Company Heuliez


Although the interior seemed reasonably plush at the time, the low-end models did have areas of visible metal work on the doors and a generally more sparse interior. 1.0L and some early 1.1L cars were fitted with a 4 speed manual gearbox, with all other models having a 5 speed manual with an automatic gearbox as an option.

Many of the cars sold in the United Kingdom were special editions, carrying such names as Graduate, Inca, Aztec and Independence. These were often based on the XN trim vehicles, but with the addition of bodywork graphics carrying the name of the special edition, and a few other basic options such as a tilt and slide sunroof.

Most models had only basic features, with even a radio being only an option on some variants, such as the 106 'Kid' special edition (which had denim effect fabrics).

No Phase I cars had power steering in RHD markets, such as the United Kingdom, as there was no space for the power-steering pump in these cars. This was rectified in Phase II cars, where power steering was available as standard in higher specification models, or as an option on lower specification models.

Higher up the range, electric windows, central locking (standard on the Quicksilver / XR models) manual pop-up sunroof (electric sunroof was a very rare extra), radio-cassette or radio-CD and rear wash-wipe were available. A drivers airbag was introduced in the Phase II model as an optional extra, although it came standard on late GTis.

The GTi had black leather upholstery (optional in early models as cloth interior was standard), 14" Raptor alloy wheels, a body kit and disc brakes all round. The leather was much of the reason for the increase in price over the otherwise near-identical Citroën Saxo VTS. GTi's built after 2000, are fitted with side airbags in the leather seats for added safety.

As with the Saxo, air-conditioning was never an option on RHD 106's, because the blower motor was mounted in the bulk-head on the drivers side. As a result, there was insufficient space available to accommodate the evaporator, except by first ducting the air flow to the passenger side and then at the expense of the glove-box. Although an after-market kit was available that did exactly this, the resultant pressure loss made the system noisy and ineffective. The blower motor could also not be easily relocated, since the windscreen wiper motor was mounted in the passenger side space.

Electric version

File:Peugeot 106 electric.JPG
An electric Peugeot 106

In 1995, Peugeot launched an electric powered version of the 106, called the 106 Electrique.[3] This was offered in a number of European countries including France, Belgium, The Netherlands, Norway and the United Kingdom.

The electric powertrain was developed and built by French engineering company Heuliez. The car used Nickel-cadmium battery technology manufactured by Saft Groupe S.A., had a top speed of 56 mph (90 km/h) and had an official range of Script error: No such module "convert"..

Despite the high price of the vehicle, Peugeot anticipated demand for around 15,000–20,000 Peugeot 106 Electriques each year, with an expected total production run of 100,000 vehicles.[4] In the end only 6,400 Peugeot 106 électriques were sold between 1995 and 2003, most purchased by the French Administration.


Although of lightweight construction, the 106 has gained a reputation for being, along with the 205 one of the most corrosion resistant cars in its class, with many early models still rust free. Some of the diesel engine models have suffered fuel injection pump failure, due to owners attempting to run unmodified cars on vegetable oil fuel. Despite being more refined and efficient, the Lucas pump lacks reliability when it comes to coping with Vegetable oil fuel due to the viscosity when cold. A more reliable Bosch VE fuel pump was fitted to all diesel models from 1999 onwards, although more able to cope with vegetable oil fuel, it's not immune to premature failure. At mileages from as little as 50000[5], The 106 is prone to wear of the trailing arm bearings on the rear axle - a fault that is relatively easy to rectify if the signs are spotted early enough. Trailing arm bearing wear is the only unusual mechanical failure - though not exclusive to the 106 model. If this is not repaired in time, it damages the torsion bar axle tubes, requiring an expensive rebuild or a replacement axle assembly.[6]


  1. ^ "Peugeot 106 Haynes Service and Repair Manual". Haynes. Retrieved 2010-12-04. 
  2. ^ "Peugeot offers new small car in Europe". Toledo Blade. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  3. ^ "PSA Peugeot Citroën’s Key Facts" (PDF). PSA Peugeot Citroën. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  4. ^ "The history of the electric vehicle: a long development process". Sustainable mobility. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  5. ^
  6. ^

External links

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