Philippine Senate election, 2013
|StratPOLLS||Oct 8–17, 2012||300||<3%, >4%||0||1||1||2 (1)||2||1||4||1 (1)||0||4||7 (1)||7||0 (1)|
|Pulse Asia||Nov 23–29. 2012||1,200||±3%||0||1||0||3||2||1||4||1||0||4||7||7||0|
|SWS||Nov 29–Dec 3, 2012||1,200||±3%||0||0 (1)||0||3||2||1||5||1||0||4||6 (1)||8||0|
|The Center||Jan 9–17, 2013||1,200||N/A||0||0||0||3||2||1||4||2||0||5||7||8||0|
|SWS/BW||Jan 17–19, 2013||1,200||±3%||0||0||0||3||2||1||4||2||0||5||7||8||0|
|Pulse Asia||Jan 19–30, 2013||1,800||±2%||0||1||0||3||2||1||4||1||0||4||7||7||0|
|SWS/BW||Feb 15–17, 2013||1,200||±3%||0||1||1 (1)||3||1 (1)||1||3||2||0||5||9 (1)||6 (1)||0|
|Pulse Asia||Feb 24–28, 2013||1,800||±2%||0||0 (1)||1||3||2||1||3 (2)||2||0||5||8 (1)||4 (2)||0|
|StratPOLLS||Mar 8–13, 2013||1,200||±3.5%||0||1||1||2 (1)||2||1||3 (1)||2||0||4 (1)||8 (1)||4 (1)||0|
|SWS||Mar 15–17, 2013||1,200||±3%||0||1||1 (1)||3||1 (1)||1||3||2||0||5||9 (1)||3 (1)||0|
|Pulse Asia||Mar 16–20, 2013||1,800||±2%||0||1||1||3||1 (1)||1||3 (2)||2||0||5||9||3 (3)||0|
|SWS||Apr 13–15, 2013||1,800||±2%||0||1||1 (1)||3||2||1||3 (1)||2||0||5||9 (1)||4 (1)||0|
|Pulse Asia||Apr 20–22, 2013||1,800||±2%||0 (1)||1||1 (1)||3||1 (1)||1||3 (1)||2||0||5||9 (2)||3 (2)||0|
|SWS||May 2–3, 2013||2,400||±2%||0||1||1 (1)||3||1 (1)||1||3 (1)||2||0||6||9 (1)||3 (2)||0|
|Pulse Asia||May 10–11, 2013||1,800||±2%||0||1||1 (1)||3||1 (1)||1||3||2||0||5||9 (1)||3 (1)||0|
While the candidates were legally allowed starting campaigning only on the 90th day before the election (February 12, 2013 for this election), the Supreme Court ruled in Lanot vs. COMELEC that the ban premature campaigning is unconstitutional as it infringes on a candidate's freedom of expression. This has led to some candidates to campaign even before the start of the campaign period.
Before the campaign period
Even before the start of the campaign period, candidates had begun releasing infomercials without explicitly stating that voters should vote for them; instead these were called "advocacy ads". The United Nationalist Alliance (UNA) is the first among the coalitions to air TV advertisements for their entire senatorial slate when ABS-CBN and GMA aired one of their advertisements on January 7, 2012. UNA's TV commercial featured minimal exposure to the candidates they share with the Liberal Party (LP)-led coalition, only showing them on the last frame. UNA also started having provincial sorties the next day, on January 8. President Aquino, in a provincial sortie in Mandaue, criticized UNA's early campaigning, saying that UNA "have to prove more than our own candidates." UNA secretary-general Toby Tiangco answered that the Liberals have been airing political ads and holding provincial sorties way before UNA did, pointing out that Aquino's criticism was done at the LP's own provincial sortie. Tiangco also said the UNA candidates were faring better against the LP's. On mid-January, LP officials started working on their coalition's TV advertisement, and were looking for ways to include Aquino in the ad.
On January 21, Secretary of Transportation of Communications Joseph Emilio Abaya said in a press conference at Malacañang Palace that Aquino himself reminded candidates from their coalition about campaign guidelines on appearing with UNA rallies. Abaya said a falling out with Aquino may be a bad enough penalty for candidates who will join UNA's rallies. Former president Joseph Estrada decried arrangement, saying that it is a virtual "ban" on common candidates. He further said that the ruling coalition is running scared, saying that "They know that the results of the 2013 elections would reflect their chances in 2016." Representative Ben Evardone has challenged the UNA to clarify if they are "fully supportive of President Aquino or has taken the role of the so-called united opposition that stands in the way of his daang matuwid (straight path) reform agenda". Tiangco left it to the three common candidates on joining UNA sorties despite the consequences that will be imposed by the LP.
The commission apologized to Teodoro Casiño when the final draft of the ballot listed him as an "independent" when he is nominated by Makabayan. Chairman Sixto Brillantes expressed regret as the commission may not have the time to edit the ballot before they are printed, and noted that the counting of his votes would not be affected. Casiño said that the error is unacceptable, and that there should not be mistakes in the practice of electoral rights.
The Liberal-led coalition renamed itself as "Team Pinoy", a play on words on "pinoy", an informal term used to denote the Filipino people (compare to "canuck"), and "PNoy", the administration's preferred reference to President Aquino, who has a "Noynoy" nickname. Angara said that "we decided to use ‘Pinoy’ to send the message that this campaign is for all Filipinos." The coalition released its first TV advertisement the next day, with the "Team PNoy" spelling. Unlike UNA's advertisement, Team PNoy's advertisement included the three common candidates.
Team PNoy expects the three common candidates to go to their campaign launch Manila's Plaza Miranda, the site of the Plaza Miranda bombing during the 1971 election, at the first day of the campaign period. Vice President Jejomar Binay personally picked Cebu City as the site of their campaign launch, to support suspended governor Gwendolyn Garcia. Loren Legarda had said that she will be not attending either rally, as she will celebrate the 80th birthday of her father with him.
Rest of February
Meanwhile, Bangon Pilipinas candidate Eddie Villanueva opened his campaign at Malolos, Bulacan, while independent candidate Edward Hagedorn started his campaign with a press conference surrounded by Miss Earth candidates to emphasize his pro-environment agenda, which followed with a motorcade that ended at the Santo Niño Parish Church at Tondo, Manila. Makabayan candidate Teodoro Casiño had a fun run that ended at the Senate building at Pasay to kick off his campaign. Samson Alcantara of the Social Justice Society opened his campaign outside his office at the corner of Taft Avenue and Padre Faura Street in Manila.
UNA threatened to drop Francis Escudero from their senatorial slate after he did not send a representative to UNA's proclamation rally, unlike fellow guest candidates Loren Legarda and Grace Poe. Escudero ignored the threat from UNA, maintaining that he would not be dictated by any party on the campaign, as he is running as an independent. The three were subsequently removed from the UNA senatorial line up on February 21, although President Estrada would still campaign for Poe in a personal capacity.
On February 19, the commission investigated the campaign of Jamby Madrigal after she was charged with illegal campaigning for holding an online raffle for an iPad. Madrigal admitted the charge but said that her volunteers, who were mostly from the youth sector, were the ones behind the raffle and that she had no prior knowledge regarding it.
The following day, when Team PNoy campaigned in Bacolod, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Bacolod placed a tarpaulin in front of the San Sebastian Cathedral that urged people not to vote for candidates who supported the passage of the Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act of 2012, who they labeled as "Team Patay" (Team Death): Risa Hontiveros, Loren Legarda, Sonny Angara, Alan Peter Cayetano and Chiz Escudero of Team PNoy, Jack Enrile of UNA and Teddy Casiño of Makabayan, while encouraging to vote for "Team Buhay" (Team Life): Cynthia Villar, Sonny Trillanes and Koko Pimentel of Team PNoy, and Gringo Honasan, JV Ejercito and Mitos Magsaysay of UNA. The commission ordered that the poster be taken down for being oversized. Bishop Vicente Navara said the diocese will just replace it with a poster that follows the commission's rules. The diocese cut the tarpaulin in half, but the commission would still press charges as it is still illegal.
More than two weeks after her aborted campaign raffle, Jamby Madrigal went to the commission's main office in Intramuros to explain her side on the alleged illegal campaign violation for the aborted iPad raffle. Madrigal personally apologized for the raffle and asked the commission to examine the social circumstances of similar raffles occurring on social medial websites; Chairman Brillantes answered that the campaign activities on social networks are covered by the Omnibus Election Code.
The erstwhile two-week standoff in Lahad Datu, Sabah between supporters of the Sultan of Sulu Jamalul Kiram III and the Malaysian authorities erupted in a gunfight that caused 14 deaths on March 1. President Aquino was in a campaign sortie with his ticket on San Fernando, Pampanga when the gunfight erupted, and he had to delay his appearance on the stage as he was monitoring the situation. In an interview at DZMM radio station, Secretary of Interior and Local Government Mar Roxas reiterated the government's position that the Sulu Sultanate supporters to leave Sabah, noting that the followers of Kiram were "hard-headed".
Team PNoy candidates defended the government's actions, faulting that the Kirams for what has transpired, and said that they should have followed the president and have withdrawn from Sabah to prevent bloodshed. Ramon Magsaysay, Jr. said that "If there is a firefight that is Mr. Kiram's problem. They should've withdrawn," while Aquilino Pimentel said that while it is the government's duty "is to protest the abuse of its nationals, But a leader [Aquino] should also be able to direct them to do something especially if it's for their own good." Campaign manager Franklin Drilon later stated that Team PNoy would take a common stand on the conflict, and will support the president.
The candidates of UNA, on the other hand, criticized the government's actions. In a political rally at Cagayan de Oro, Richard Gordon labeled the response as "severely woeful, anti-Filipino, and subservient to Malaysia." Campaign manager Toby Tiangco decried Roxas' "hard-headed" remarks as "arrogant." Gregorio Honasan said "they were being confronted with possible case, possible charges once they get back home. So, it’s mixed signals. I’m sure that was not what the President meant."
Meanwhile, the Supreme Court issued a temporary restraining order to prevent the commission from enforcing its order in taking down the oversized poster in the Bacolod cathedral. In a surprise move, the Supreme Court stopped the implementation of the controversial Reproductive Health Law by issuing a status quo ante order for 120 days. The court will further determine the constitutionality of the law. The Catholic Church and several pro-life support groups praised the decision as a "temporary victory". Several members of the clergy have urged to backing of anti-RH legislators in the midterm polls.
The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) through its Philippine co-partnered media group, the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism (PCIJ) released details of offshore accounts listed under Senator Manny Villar and UNA senatorial candidate JV Ejercito based in the British Virgin Islands, a known tax haven. Villar later stated, that he owned the BVI-listed, Awesome Dragon Holdings Limited which was incorporated in 2007. Villar, the husband of Team PNoy senatorial candidate Cynthia Villar further pointed out that, "a ready corporate vehicle for any strategic multinational business opportunity that may become available.” He denied however that the company was used as a business front to avoid paying proper taxation as that company had an authorized capital of $1 and he listed this in his annual Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Net worth (SALN). Ejercito, meanwhile slammed the ICIJ report linking him to a BVI-listed company, Ice Bell Properties Limited, incorporated in 1999. Ejercito question the release of the report but did not confirm or deny the said BVI-listed company. He stated in a written reply, "highly suspicious considering the on-going electoral campaign of which I am one of the leading contenders among the UNA senatorial candidates. I have held high respect to (sic) the PCIJ as an institution. I hope that you will not allow yourself to fall in (sic) the manipulative efforts of desperate people in (sic) dirty politics.”
In the final weeks of the month, advocates and dissenters of the reproductive health law endorsed two sets of candidates for the Senate. The White Vote movement led by El Shaddai leader Mike Velarde and 40 Catholic lay organizations endorsed six UNA senatorial candidates Richard Gordon, Nancy Binay, Juan Miguel Zubiri, Gregorio Honasan, Mitos Magsaysay and JV Ejercito and three Team PNoy senatorial candidates, Aquilino Pimentel III, Antonio Trillanes IV and Cynthia Villar. The Purple Vote movement composed of advocates for the reproductive health law endorsed seven Team PNoy senatorial candidates: Sonny Angara, Bam Aquino, Alan Peter Cayetano, Chiz Escudero, Risa Hontiveros, Loren Legarda, and Grace Poe. Former Health Secretary and lead convener of the Purple Vote movement Esperanza Cabral stated that although the main basis of their endorsement was on the passage of the RH law, the endorsed candidates consistently support other progressive measures including the sin tax reform law and the freedom of information bill and are known for their integrity. Noticeable in the endorsement is the non-appearance of UNA senatorial candidate Jack Enrile and Makabayan senatorial candidate Teodoro Casiño both of whom were blacklisted under the Team Patay poster by the Bacolod cathedral.
Security during the electoral campaign was heightened on both sides after members of the communist rebels of the New People’s Army ambushed the convoy of Gingoog Mayor Ruthie Guingona, wife of former Vice President Teofisto Guingona, Jr., leaving the convoy driver and his brother dead. National condemnation of the ambush came from both sides of the political spectrum. Deputy Presidential Spokesperson Abigail Valte, Team PNoy campaign manager Franklin Drilon, and UNA campaign manager Toby Tiangco condemned the attack on Guingona.
Loren Legarda was accused by self-styled public interest advocate Louis Biraogo of allegedly failing to declare her possession of a condominium unit at Park Avenue, New York City for four years until 2011. In addition, Biraogo accused the senator of trying to hide her alleged properties at Forbes Park, Makati. Biraogo detailed that Legarda paid US$700,000 (or 36 million pesos in 2006 exchange rates) for the Park Avenue property, and that she did not include the property as real property assets in her statements of assets, liabilities and net worth (SALN) from 2006 to 2010. The next day, Legarda called a press conference to deny that she failed to declare the Park Avenue property, presenting a document signed by her lawyers saying that the property has been included in the SALN since 2007. Legarda added that she purchased the property while she was married to former Batangas governor Antonio Leviste. Legarda spent the greater part of press conference accusing of a certain "Willie F.", sending journalists "column feeds" related to the Park Avenue property. When pressed by journalists on who is Willie F.'s client, Legarda only hinted that the client was a male reelectionist senator, nicknamed "Boy Kuryente" (literally "bum steer") who was behind the rumors of President Aquino's mental health during the 2010 presidential campaign. President Aquino has spoken to Legarda and Francis Escudero, while Mar Roxas has spoken to Alan Peter Cayetano, allegedly the one behind the campaign against Legarda, to set aside their differences.
Several religious groups have released their endorsements in the Senate election. These religious groups command a voting bloc, and is crucial in close races. The Iglesia ni Cristo reportedly endorsed seven Team PNoy candidates and five from UNA, while the Kingdom of Jesus Christ endorsed six Team PNoy candidates, five from UNA and independent candidate Edward Hagedorn. The Iglesia ni Cristo reportedly commands five to eight million voters nationwide.
|Coalition||Primary slogan||English translation (if applicable)|
|Bangon Pilipinas Party||Walang iwanan sa umaangat na bayan||No one will be left behind in a rising nation|
|Democratic Party of the Philippines||Digital People Power|
|Makabayang Koalisyon ng Mamamayan||Pilipino para sa pagbabago, pagbabago para sa Pilipino||Filipinos for change, change for Filipinos|
|Social Justice Society||Alternatibo para sa Senado||Alternative to the Senate|
|Team PNoy||Mga tunay na tuwid, sa daang matuwid||The truly righteous people in the righteous path.|
|United Nationalist Alliance||Sa UNA, gaganda ang buhay||With UNA, life will be better|
|Independent–Edward Hagedorn||Turismo, trabaho, mismo||Tourism, jobs, right away|
|Independent–Ricardo Penson||Krusada kontra dynasty||Crusade against [political] dynasties|
|Team PNoy||Franklin Drilon||Miro Quimbo, Lorenzo Tañada III|
|United Nationalist Alliance||Toby Tiangco||JV Bautista|
These are the candidates' positions on various issues:
|Enactment of the Reproductive Health Law||Angara, Aquino, Cayetano, Escudero, Hontiveros, Legarda, Madrigal, Magsaysay, Poe, Enrile, Casiño, Villanueva, Hagedorn, Montaño, Penson||Pimentel, Trillanes, Villar, Binay,Cojuangco, Ejercito, Gordon, Honasan, Maceda, Magsaysay, Zubiri, Alcantara, Belgica, David, de los Reyes, Falcone, Llasos, Señeres|
|Legalization of divorce||Hontiveros, Enrile, Gordon, Hagedorn, Penson||Angara, Aquino, Cayetano, Escudero, Legarda, Madrigal, Magsaysay, Trillanes, Villar, Binay,Cojuangco, Honasan, Maceda, Magsaysay, Zubiri, Alcantara, Belgica, David, de los Reyes, Falcone, Llasos, Señeres, Villanueva, Montaño||Pimentel, Poe, Ejercito, Casiño|
|Enactment of Universal health care||All candidates support the passage of a universal health care law in the Philippines.|
|Enactment of a Freedom of Information law||All of the candidates support the passage of the Freedom of Information Bill and the non-inclusion of the Right of Reply provision in the bill except Jamby Madrigal (Team PNoy) who has no clear stand; the Senate had earlier passed the FOI bill unanimously on third reading.|
|Repeal of the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012|| Some candidates support the repeal of the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012.|
The bill was unanimously approved on third reading in the House of Representatives, and only Teofisto Guingona III (seat not up) dissented in the Senate vote on third reading. Voting records below reflect only the candidates running in this election:
|Enactment of an anti-political dynasty law||Angara, Aquino, Hontiveros, Madrigal, Magsaysay, Pimentel, Enrile, Maceda, Zubiri, Alcantara, Belgica, Casiño, David, de los Reyes, Falcone, Llasos, Señeres, Villanueva, Montaño, Penson||Cayetano, Escudero, Villar, Binay,Cojuangco, Gordon, Honasan||Legarda, Poe, Trillanes, Ejercito, Magsaysay, Hagedorn|
|Abolition of pork barrel||Hontiveros, Belgica, Casiño, David, de los Reyes, Falcone, Llasos|
|Imposition of a flat tax||Belgica|
|Enactment of the Sin tax reform lawa||Angara, Aquino, Cayetano, Hontiveros, Legarda, Madrigal, Magsaysay, Pimentel, Poe, Trillanes, Villar, Binay,Cojuangco, Enrile, Gordon, Zubiri, Alcantara, David, de los Reyes, Falcone, Llasos, Villanueva, Hagedorn, Montaño, Penson||Escudero, Ejercito, Honasan, Maceda, Magsaysay, Belgica, Casiño, Señeres|
|Reinstatement of the death penalty||Magsaysay, Cojuangco, Maceda, Falcone, David, de los Reyes, Llasos, Villanueva, Hagedorn||Angara, Aquino, Cayetano, Escudero, Hontiveros, Pimentel, Poe, Trillanes, Villar, Binay, Enrile, Gordon, Honasan, Magsaysay, Zubiri, Alcantara, Belgica, Casiño, Montaño, Penson||Legarda, Ejercito, Señeres|
|Instituting Same-sex marriage||Enrile||Aquino, Escudero, Madrigal, Magsaysay, Pimentel, Trillanes, Villar, Binay, Ejercito, Gordon, Maceda, Magsaysay, Zubiri, Alcantara, Belgica, David, de los Reyes, Falcone, Llasos, Señeres, Villanueva, Hagedorn, Montaño, Penson||Angara, Hontiveros, Legarda, Poe, Cojuangco, Honasan, Casiño|
|Implementation of a total gun ban||Hontiveros, Legarda, Magsaysay, Pimentel, Zubiri, David, de los Reyes, Llasos||Aquino, Escudero, Trillanes, Villar, Binay,Cojuangco, Enrile, Gordon, Honasan, Maceda, Magsaysay, Alcantara, Belgica, Casiño, Falcone, Señeres, Villanueva, Montaño, Penson||
Angara, Madrigal, Poe, Ejercito, Hagedorn
|Pursuing the claim over Sabah||All candidates support the pursuing of the claim over Sabah.|
|Arbitrating the claim of Scarborough Shoal with China at the International Court of Justice||All candidates support the arbitration proceedings over Scarborough Shoal at the International Court of Justice.|
|Charter change||Angara, Cayetano, Hontiveros, Magsaysay, Pimentel, Trillanes, Villar, Cojuangco, Ejercito, Enrile, Gordon, Honasan, Maceda, Magsaysay, Zubiri, Alcantara, Belgica, Falcone, Señeres, Villanueva, Hagedorn, Montaño, Penson||Aquino, Escudero, Legarda, Madrigal, Poe, Casiño, David, de los Reyes, Llasos||Binay|
Composition of the Senate before and after the election:
- Key: ‡ up; * vacancy
|Senate bloc||Majority bloc||Minority bloc|
|Senate bloc||Majority bloc||Minority bloc|
- ‡ Seats up
- * Gained by a party from another party
- √ Held by the incumbent
- + Held by the same party with a new senator
Election result, with only seats up being considered:
|1||Grace Poe-Llamanzares||Team PNoy[c 2]||Independent||20,337,327||50.66%|
|2||Loren Legarda||Team PNoy[c 2]||NPC||18,661,196||46.49%||11px 16.24%|
|3||Alan Peter Cayetano||Team PNoy[c 3]||Nacionalista||17,580,813||43.79%||11px 3.83%|
|4||Francis Escudero||Team PNoy[c 2]||Independent||17,502,358||43.60%||11px 18.32%|
|6||Sonny Angara||Team PNoy||LDP||16,005,564||39.87%|
|7||Bam Aquino||Team PNoy||Liberal||15,534,465||38.70%|
|8||Aquilino Pimentel III||Team PNoy[c 3]||PDP-Laban||14,725,114||36.68%||11px 0.56%|
|9||Antonio Trillanes IV||Team PNoy||Nacionalista||14,127,722||35.19%||11px 2.74%|
|10||Cynthia Villar||Team PNoy[c 3]||Nacionalista||13,822,854||34.43%|
|12||Gregorio Honasan||UNA||UNA||13,211,424||32.91%||11px 6.58%|
|14||Juan Miguel Zubiri||UNA||UNA||11,821,134||29.45%||11px 7.86%|
|15||Juan Ponce Enrile, Jr.||UNA||NPC||11,543,024||28.75%|
|16||Ramon Magsaysay, Jr.||Team PNoy[c 3]||Liberal||11,356,739||28.29%|
|17||Risa Hontiveros||Team PNoy||Akbayan||10,944,843||27.26%|
|18||Edward Hagedorn||Not affiliated||Independent||8,412,840||20.96%|
|19||Eddie Villanueva||Not affiliated||Bangon Pilipinas||6,932,985||17.27%|
|20||Jamby Madrigal||Team PNoy[c 3]||Liberal||6,787,744||16.91%|
|25||Samson Alcantara||Not affiliated||Social Justice Society||1,240,104||3.09%|
|26||John Carlos de los Reyes||Not affiliated||Ang Kapatiran||1,238,280||3.08%|
|27||Greco Belgica||Not affiliated||DPP||1,128,924||2.81%|
|28||Ricardo Penson||Not affiliated||Independent||1,040,293||2.59%|
|29||Ramon Montaño||Not affiliated||Independent||1,040,131||2.59%|
|30||Rizalito David||Not affiliated||Ang Kapatiran||1,035,971||2.58%|
|31||Christian Señeres||Not affiliated||DPP||706,198||1.76%|
|32||Marwil Llasos||Not affiliated||Ang Kapatiran||701,390||1.75%|
|33||Baldomero Falcone||Not affiliated||DPP||665,845||1.66%|
|Total turnout||40,144,207||75.77%||11px 1.43%|
|Registered voters, including overseas voters||52,982,173||100.00%||11px 3.24%|
|Reference: Commission on Elections sitting as the National Board of Canvassers.|
Television networks, election watchdogs, and other bodies may provide their own tallies from their copies of election returns. These are unofficial.
These are from the tabulated election returns; in theory, the results here and the official one above, which is tabulated from the certificates of canvass, should be identical, once all of the votes are accounted for.
The results from the COMELEC's "Transparency" server and the tally done by the Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting are currently identical.
|Alan Peter Cayetano||14,120,660|
|Juan Edgardo Angara||12,844,983|
|Aquilino Pimentel III||11,838,250|
|Joseph Victor Ejercito||11,002,943|
|Juan Miguel Zubiri||9,484,605|
|Juan Ponce Enrile, Jr.||9,161,605|
|Ramon Magsaysay, Jr.||9,147,873|
|John Carlos de los Reyes||988,165|
|Coalition||Total votes||%|| Seats
|Social Justice Society||1,240,104||0.42%||0||0%|
|Independents not in coalitions||10,493,264||3.53%||0||0%|
|Total||%||Swing||Entered||Up||Not up||Gains||Holds||Losses||Won||End 15th||16th||+/−|
|UNA (United Nationalist Alliance)[s 1]||80,257,922||26.97%||11px 11.11%||8||1||2||1||2||0||3||3||5||21%||11px 2|
|Nacionalista (Nationalist Party)||45,531,389||15.30%||11px 1.40%||3||3||2||0||3||0||3||5||5||21%||11px|
|Liberal (Liberal Party)||33,678,948||11.32%||11px 15.02%||3||1||3||0||1||0||1||4||4||17%||11px|
|NPC (Nationalist People's Coalition)||30,204,220||10.15%||11px 5.63%||2||1||1||0||1||0||1||2||2||8%||11px|
|LDP (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos)||16,005,564||5.38%||11px 5.38%||1||1||0||0||1||0||1||1||1||4%||11px|
|PDP-Laban (Philippine Democratic Party – People's Power)||14,725,114||4.95%||11px 2.72%||1||1||1||0||1||0||1||1||1||4%||11px|
|Akbayan (Akbayan Citizens' Action Party)||10,944,843||3.68%||11px 3.68%||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0%||11px|
|Bangon Pilipinas (Rise Up, Philippines)||6,932,985||2.33%||11px 0.15%||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0%||11px|
|Makabayan (Patriotic Coalition of the People)||4,295,151||1.44%||11px 1.44%||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0%||11px|
|Ang Kapatiran (Alliance for the Common Good)||2,975,641||1.00%||11px 0.16%||3||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0%||11px|
|DPP (Democratic Party of the Philippines)||2,500,967||0.84%||11px 0.84%||3||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0%||11px|
|Social Justice Society||1,240,104||0.42%||11px 0.42%||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0%||11px|
|Lakas-CMD (People Power-Christian Muslim Democrats)||Not participating||1||2||0||0||0||0||3||2||8%||11px 1|
|PRP (People's Reform Party)||Not participating||0||1||0||0||0||0||1||1||4%||11px|
|Registered voters||52,982,173||100%||11px 3.24%|
- An electoral alliance of the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (PDP-Laban) and of the Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (PMP), UNA has candidates from both parties, with all running under the UNA banner. However, one candidate is running under the PDP-Laban banner and is not included in these figures. Therefore, figures are as compared from the PMP's 2010 figures.
The Commission on Elections allowed the media and other groups to use a server (the "Transparency" server) that would have tallied results directly from election returns; these were the first numbers that the media disseminated as the commission has yet to canvass results from the certificates of canvass, which came from the "MBOC" (Municipal Board of Canvassers) server, which is then transmitted to the provincial canvassers, than finally to the Commission on Elections en banc, which sits as the National Board of Canvassers (NBOC).
The commission en banc convened as the NBOC on Monday, May 13 at a tent at the Philippine International Convention Center grounds. After initializing the Consolidated Canvassing System (CCS) on election night (Monday), the NBOC adjourned for morning the next day. Chairman Sixto Brillantes said that the NBOC is expected to proclaim the 12 winning senators on Wednesday night.
However, on Wednesday morning, Brillantes said the intermittent telecommunication signals in several towns slowed down the pace of the collection of the results. He then said that the plan of proclaiming all 12 senators on Wednesday night would be adjusted to only six winners. On Wednesday afternoon, the commission canceled the proclamation of any winning senator, with Brillantes saying that "We are still analyzing what is happening on the field," adding that the proclamation would be held "most probably tomorrow."
On Thursday, Brillantes said that the commission en banc will decide on a motion by UNA deferring the proclamation; if the commission denies UNA's motion, a proclamation of "five to six" winners will proceed by Thursday night. That night, the commission en banc sitting as the NBOC rejected UNA's motion to defer the partial proclamation, leading the way for the proclamation of the first six candidates leading in their official tally: Grace Poe, Loren Legarda, Francis Escudero, Alan Peter Cayetano, Nancy Binay and Edgardo Sonny Angara. Binay refused to appear at the proclamation after the UNA motion was rejected. The NBOC based their proclamation on the 22% of the certificates of canvass, or about 13 million votes.
The NBOC proclaimed three more senators on Friday evening, basing it on 109 out of 304 certificates of canvass: Bam Aquino, Aquilino Pimentel III and Antonio Trillanes. Only Aquino was present at the proclamation. Trillanes was out of town, and Brilantes said that Pimentel was ill. Pimentel opposed the proclamation, calling it "premature" and "wrong"; Pimentel explained that the winning candidates should only be proclaimed if the votes not yet canvassed would no longer theoretically affect the results. Trillanes would've gone to the proclamation if he wasn't out of town, and while he said that he respected Pimentel's decision, he said that it was an argument "about formalities". Due to stringent criticism, Brillantes threatened to resign if the first six senators proclaimed would eventually lose.
The NBOC proclaimed the final three senators on Saturday night: Cynthia Villar, JV Ejercito and Gregorio Honasan, after only the overseas absentee ballots remained to be canvassed. Honasan's 705,000-vote lead against 13th-place Richard Gordon was deemed to be statistically impossible to be overtaken with only about 350,000 votes left to be counted.
On June 6, the commission released the final tally for the Senate election after the remaining uncounted votes can no longer affect the ranking of each candidate. Poe broke the record of Bong Revilla in 2010 for the most number of votes received in any election in the Philippines, by winning more than 20 million votes.
Grace Poe being finishing first in the unofficial counts ahead of longtime frontrunners Loren Legarda, Francis Escudero and Alan Peter Cayetano was seen as a surprise; Poe herself said that "I am surprised. I didn’t know this would happen." Poe credited her mother Susan Roces, Escudero (former spokesman of Fernando Poe, Jr. during his 2004 presidential campaign), President Benigno Aquino III, Mar Roxas and former president Joseph Estrada. Pollsters such as Social Weather Stations (SWS) and Pulse Asia acknowledged that they did not foresee Poe's number one finish. Pulse Asia fellow Ana Maria Tabunda further stated that while they missed the order of the twelve winning candidates, they managed to predict all 12 who appeared to be winning; meanwhile, SWS president Mahar Mangahas said that "It was enough for us to have accurately predicted the 9-3 results even if we did not get their exact rankings."
Nancy Binay's victory, which came despite the enormous social media bashing such as the "Anyare?" (What happened) meme pointing out Binay being a neophyte against Risa Hontiveros' accomplishments while in the lower house, Binay's refusal to participate in debates, and a satirical article stating that Binay sought a "temporary protection order" from the courts to prevent her from engaging in a debate, according to Tony La Viña, dean of the Ateneo School of Government, may have been attributed to the voters seeing Binay as an "underdog" to Hontiveros, and might have backfired against Hontiveros and helped Binay. La Viña explained that Binay's victory was due to the fact that "she never took the bait on all the attacks against her," and that the Vice President just shrugged off the anti-Binay comments. Political analyst Malou Tiquia also noted that Hontiveros' campaign message was already used in the 2010 election where she finished 13th and lost, and that the campaign message softened her image to voters.
On Poe finishing first
Poe finishing first in the election was attributed by University of the Philippines assistant political science professor Nicole Curato to a very disciplined campaign via a clear association with her father Fernando Poe, Jr. Curato added that while she was a Team PNoy candidate, some quarters in the United Nationalist Alliance openly supported Poe in the campaign, contributing to her victory.
Poe's #1 finish would catapult her to higher political ambitions in the 2016. University of the Philippines political analyst Prospero de Vera expects Poe to be a candidate in the 2016 presidential or vice presidential election. If Poe joins the Liberal Party, de Vera said that President Aquino would expect a continuation of his "Daang Matuwid" (straight path) program, while noting out that he does not see a Mar Roxas-Poe tandem. De Vera instead sees a continued partnership of the Liberals with the Nacionalistas, with Poe and Alan Peter Cayetano as prospective running mates.
On who won the election
In his column in the Philippine Daily Inquirer, Amando Doronila noted that while the election can be seen as a victory for President Aquino, it should not be seen as a rejection of the opposition, as UNA managed to win three Senate seats, with the voters rebuffing Aquino's plea for a sweep of the election. Doronila added that if Poe and Legarda ran on the UNA ticket, they could've won as well, and that the Team PNoy victory was a "hollow victory" as the Liberal Party needed the help of the Nacionalista Party and the Nationalist People's Coalition, with the Liberals only controlling a small nucleus.
On bloc voting
Archbishop-emeritus Oscar V. Cruz, on the "Catholic vote" said that Catholics "were left still free to vote whom they wanted". This comes at the heels of seven out of twelve candidates endorsed by the White Vote movement by Mike Velarde were winning, five of the six "Team Buhay" ("team life") candidates winning, and four of seven "Team Patay" ("team death") candidates winning. Bishops Arturo Bastes, Honesto Ongtioco, Martin Jumaod and Mario Peralta blamed the lack of unity amongst Catholic voters on "money politics", such as vote-buying, while Cagayan de Oro archbishop Antonio Ledesma blamed the Commission on Elections such as faulty electoral rolls.
On the 60–30–10 ratio
After all 12 senators were proclaimed, Ateneo de Manila University mathematics professor Lex Muga pointed out that, in any given time, the National Canvass Report had 60% of the votes go to Team PNoy, 30% to UNA, and 10% to other parties. Muga said there should have been variation amongst certificates of canvass. UNA campaign manager Toby Tiangco said that the percentages couldn't be the same for every place in the Philippines; meanwhile, Team PNoy spokesperson Miro Quimbo said that it "is a result of a great message campaign led by the President himself and an aggressive ground war pursued by local parties allied with the President." Chairman Brillantes, for his part, while originally dismissing it as mere "trending", said that he would order the commission's information technology personnel on Muga's findings.
Michael Purugganan, Dean of Science in New York University explained that "Nothing fishy is going on. It is just poor math education," adding that "each canvass represents a very large sample from the total votes. And therefore each canvass would give a result that would be very, very close to the 60-30-10 national average." Purugganan cited the law of large numbers "which says that the larger your sample size is for an event, the closer your result from that sample will reflect the entire population." Purugganan pointed out that once a person goes down to precinct level, the vote totals will show more differences from the national total. The Rappler website has published a series of article refuting the 60–30–10 theory: one showed a regional tally, and tallies from Metro Manila and eight cities which showed the ratios start to deviate from the national average once specific places are tallied.
Election for the Senate President
As early in April, Miriam Defensor Santiago said that the Senate President for the 16th Congress of the Philippines will come from Team PNoy, and that it will shall come from its oldest members; she tightened the contenders to Sergio Osmeña III, Franklin Drilon, Teofisto Guingona III and Cynthia Villar. Osmeña has said he is "has no interest" to the position, while Drilon has said that the presidency will be decided by the 24 senators. After all twelve senators-elect were proclaimed, Santiago narrowed down the contenders to between Drilon and Minority Floor Leader Alan Peter Cayetano. Meanwhile Budget Secretary, Florencio Abad, a high-ranking Liberal Party official, said that they won't replace Enrile at the lame duck session from June 5 to 6.
However, the United Nationalist Alliance (UNA)-backed senators doubted if the component parties of Team PNoy can last up to the convening of Congress. Gregorio Honasan noted that in the opening of the 15th Congress, no administration candidate was agreed upon, and Enrile emerged as the compromise candidate. Meanwhile, a "senior official of the Liberal Party (LP)" told the Rappler news website that Drilon is almost sure to be the new Senate President, with the positions of Majority Floor Leader and committee chairmanships are the ones being negotiated. Furthermore, the LP source said that Drilon is expected "at least 12 votes", five "swing votes", six votes for Enrile, and that the voting would go from 13–11 to 18–6.
Later that week, Drilon, quoting Nacionalista Party President Manuel Villar, said that the Nacionalistas will stay in the coalition, and that the Nacionalistas and the Liberals will have a common candidate for the Senate presidency. Drilon also said that on the matter of committee assignments, senators will be given the committee of which they are an expert of, per usual Senate practice. Alan Peter Cayetano, for his part, said that "The coalition of the NP and the LP is growing. The support for Senator Drilon is growing." Cayetano also said that the two parties might have a common candidate in 2016 presidential election, "If two of the three biggest parties are working together."
On May 31, Drilon pronounced that UNA, quoting Enrile, "will not be obstructionist", and that Enrile gave permission to Drilon in seeking out to the members of the so-called "macho bloc", the senators who are identified to be close with Enrile. Senate president pro tempore Jinggoy Estrada confirmed the meeting of Drilon and Enrile, saying "I have already given my word to Senate President Enrile. If the Senate President will go down, I will go down with him." Estrada himself later met with Drilon, reiterating his support for Enrile, and that Enrile will be their candidate for Senate president, and with his imminent defeat, be the Minority Floor Leader. Estrada also predicted that the administration coalition will eventually disintegrate.
Upon the resumption of the one-day lame duck session on June 5, Enrile resigned from the Senate presidency "as a matter of personal honor and dignity". As per Senate rules, Senate president pro tempore Estrada succeeded Enrile as acting Senate president for the rest of the day without a new election. Later in the day, Estrada told the press that Enrile told him that he would like to be the minority leader in an impending Drilon Senate presidency. Estrada remarked that there are only six of them in the pro-Enrile bloc, and that Bong Revilla was considering joining Drilon's bloc in the 16th Congress. Also, Pia Cayetano was reportedly targeting the majority leadership, her brother Alan Peter the Senate president pro tempore post; Loren Legarda, who had previously served in both two positions, begged off, saying that she is "not interested".
On July 22, the day of convening of the 16th Congress, Juan Edgardo Angara and Grace Poe nominated Drilon for the Senate presidency, while JV Ejercito and Nancy Binay nominated Enrile. With Enrile and Drilon voting for each other, all other UNA members and Tito Sotto of the Nationalist People's Coalition voting for Enrile, others voting for Drilon, and Miriam Defensor Santiago being absent, this led to the election of Drilon as Senate president, with 17 senators voting for him, and six voting for Enrile, and 1 absence. Ralph Recto was elected Senate president pro tempore, Alan Peter Cayetano was elected majority floor leader, and Enrile became minority floor leader upon losing to Drilon.
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|last1=in Authors list (help)
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