Philippine legal codes
|Laws||Common name||Date enacted||Notes|
|Executive Order No. 292||Administrative Code of 1987||July 25, 1987||
The Administrative Code “incorporates in a unified document the major structural, functional and procedural principles and rules of governance.” Its primary function is to prescribe the standards, guidelines and practices within the executive branch of government.
It is the Administrative Code which establishes the various Cabinet departments and offices falling within the executive branch of government, and under the direct control and supervision of the President. The Code also prescribes the administrative procedure undertaken in proceedings before the offices under the executive department.
Originally coming into effect in 1917, the code was revised and amended repeatedly, with the present code being enacted in 1987.
|Presidential Decree No. 603||Child and Youth Welfare Code||December 10, 1974|
|Republic Act No. 386||Civil Code||June 18, 1949||The Civil Code governs private law in the Philippines, including obligations and contracts, succession, torts and damages, property. It was enacted in 1950. Book I of the Civil Code, which governed marriage and family law, was supplanted by the Family Code in 1987.|
|Republic Act No. 6657||Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Code||June 10, 1988|
|Presidential Decree No. 961||Coconut Industry Code||June 11, 1978|
|Spanish Code of Commerce, Extended by Royal Decree||Code of Commerce||1888|
|Republic Act No. 6938||Cooperative Code||March 10, 1990|
|Batas Pambansa Blg. 68||Corporation Code||May 1, 1980||The Corporation Code provides for the rules and regulations in the establishment and operation of stock and non-stock corporations in the Philippines. It was enacted in 1978. The regulation of securities and practices in the stock market governed by the 2000 Securities Regulation Code|
|Executive Order No. 209||Family Code||July 6, 1987|
|Republic Act No. 9514||Fire Code||December 19, 2008|
|Republic Act No. 8550||The Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998||February 25, 1998|
|Republic Act No. 8491||Flag and Heraldic Code||February 12, 1998|
|Presidential Decree No. 389||Forest Reform Code||February 5, 1974|
|Republic Act No. 10607||Insurance Code||August 15, 2013|
|Republic Act No. 8293||Intellectual Property Code||June 6, 1997||The Intellectual Property Code governs the protection of intellectual property in the Philippines. Initially, the legal protection of intellectual property was contained in a few provisions in the Civil Code. However, the growing concern over intellectual property protection led to the passage of more comprehensive special laws until the final codification of intellectual property law through the Code, enacted in 1997.|
|Presidential Decree No. 442||Labor Code||May 1, 1974||The Labor Code, enacted in 1974, governs employment practices and labor relations in the Philippines.|
|Republic Act No. 4136||Land Transportation and Traffic Code||June 20, 1964|
|Act No. 7160||Local Government Code||October 10, 1991|| The Local Government Code, enacted in 1991, establishes the system and powers of provincial, city, municipal and barangay governments in the Philippines, known collectively as Local Government Units or LGUs. It is the governing law on local governments.
The Local Government Code also empowers local governments to enact local tax measures, including real property taxes. It further assures the local governments a share in the national internal revenue.
|Republic Act No. 9296||Meat Inspection Code||May 12, 2004|
|Presidential Decree No. 1083||Muslim Code of Personal Laws||February 4, 1977|
|Presidential Decree No. 1096||National Building Code||February 19, 1977|
|Executive Order No. 51||National Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes and Supplements||October 20, 1986|
|Commonwealth Act No. 466||National Internal Revenue Code||June 15, 1939|
|Batas Pambansa Blg. 881||Omnibus Election Code||December 3, 1985|
|Presidential Decree No. 1152||Philippine Environment Code||June 6, 1977|
|Act No. 3815||Revised Penal Code||December 8, 1930||The Revised Penal Code contains the general penal laws of the Philippines and is one of the major sources of criminal laws in the Philippines. It was enacted in 1930 and has undergone several amendments.|
|Presidential Decree No. 856||Sanitation Code||December 23, 1975|
|Presidential Decree No. 1445||State Auditing Code||June 11, 1978|
|Republic Act No. 8424||Tax Code/National Internal Revenue Code||December 11, 1997|| The National Internal Revenue Code is the law establishing the system of national taxation in the Philippines. The most recent extensive revision of the Code occurred in 1997, although the Code was amended in 2005 to expand the coverage and rates of value-added tax.
The taxes imposed by the Code include a graduated income tax on all income earned by natural and juridical persons within the Philippines, a capital gains tax, excise tax on certain products, a donor's tax, an estate tax, and a value-added tax on the sale of most goods and services in the Philippines.
|Republic Act No. 1937||Tariff and Customs Code||June 22, 1957|
|Presidential Decree No. 1067||Water Code||December 31, 1976|