Adverts

Open Access Articles- Top Results for Pierre de Ruel, marquis de Beurnonville

Pierre de Ruel, marquis de Beurnonville

File:Pierre Riel - marquis de Beurnonville.jpg
Pierre de Ruel, marquis de Beurnonville
File:Merry-Joseph Blondel - Felicite-Louise-Julie-Constance de Durfort.jpg
Felicite-Louise-Julie-Constance de Durfort, by Merry-Joseph Blondel, second wife to Pierre de Ruel.

Pierre de Ruel, marquis de Beurnonville (10 May 1752 – 23 April 1821) was a French general during the French Revolutionary Wars and later a marshal of France[1] and Deputy Grand Master of Grand Orient de France.[2][3]

Biography

Bournonville was born at Champignol-lez-Mondeville, Aube.[citation needed]

After service in the colonies, he married a wealthy Creole, Geneviève Gillot L'Étang. After his return to France, he purchased the post of lieutenant of the Swiss Guard of the count of Provence.[1]

During the French Revolution he was named lieutenant-general, and took an active part in the battles of Valmy and Jemmapes.[4] Minister of War in February 1793, he denounced his old commander, Charles François Dumouriez, to the Convention, and was one of the four deputies sent to watch him.[1]

Handed over by Dumouriez to the Austrians on 3 April 1793, Beurnonville was not exchanged until November 1795. He entered the service again, commanded the Army of Sambre-et-Meuse and Army of the North, and was appointed inspector of infantry of the Army of England in 1798. He was sent as ambassador to Berlin in 1800, and to Madrid in 1802.[1]

Napoleon made him a senator and count of the empire. In 1814 he was a member of the provisional government organized after the abdication of Napoleon. He followed Louis XVIII to exile in Ghent, and after the second restoration was made marquis and marshal of France (1816).[1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911, p. 834.
  2. ^ Jean-Claude Rochigneux, Maçons d'hier, maçonnerie d'aujourd'hui, Humanisme, Conform éditions, 2003, p. 39.
  3. ^ Dictionnaire de la Franc-maçonnerie, page 138 (Daniel Ligou, Presses universitaires de France, 2006)
  4. ^ Smith 1998, p. 30.
File:Dumouriez arresting the Commissioners.jpeg
Dumouriez arresting the Commissioners in 1793

References

  • Smith, Digby (1998). The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. ISBN 1-85367-276-9. 
Attribution
Political offices
Preceded by
Jean-Nicolas Pache
French Minister of War
4 February 1793 – 1 April 1793
Succeeded by
Pierre Henri Hélène Marie Lebrun-Tondu

Lua error in Module:Authority_control at line 346: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).