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Placerville, California

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City of Placerville
City
El Dorado County Courthouse
El Dorado County Courthouse
Template:Infobox settlement/columns
Nickname(s): Hangtown[1]
Location of Placerville in California.
Location of Placerville in California.
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Coordinates: 38°43′47″N 120°47′55″W / 38.72972°N 120.79861°W / 38.72972; -120.79861Coordinates: 38°43′47″N 120°47′55″W / 38.72972°N 120.79861°W / 38.72972; -120.79861{{#coordinates:38|43|47|N|120|47|55|W|type:city(10389)_region:US-CA |primary |name=

}}[2]
Country 23x15px United States
State 23x15px California
County El Dorado
Incorporated May 13, 1854[3]
Government
 • Mayor Patty Borelli[4]
Area[5]
 • Total 5.813 sq mi (15.054 km2)
 • Land 5.812 sq mi (15.052 km2)
 • Water 0.001 sq mi (0.002 km2)  0.01%
Elevation[1] 1,867 ft (569 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,389
 • Density 1,800/sq mi (690/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 95667[6]
Area code 530
FIPS code 06-57540
GNIS feature IDs 277577, 2411433
Website www.cityofplacerville.org
Reference no. 701[7]

Placerville (/ˈplæsərvɪl/, PLASS-ər-vil; formerly Old Dry Diggings, Dry Diggings, and Hangtown[8]) is the county seat of El Dorado County, California. The population was 10,389 at the 2010 census, up from 9,610 at the 2000 census. It is part of the SacramentoArden-ArcadeRoseville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

Placerville, is located on U.S. Route 50 where it crosses State Route 49 and is the location of several traffic signals along the highway, which is otherwise a freeway.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of Script error: No such module "convert"., over 99% of it land.

It is about Script error: No such module "convert". above sea level downtown with unincorporated areas of the city ranging from 1,800 to near 4,000 feet[1] and is in the Sierra Nevada foothills.

Demographics

2010

The 2010 United States Census[9] reported that Placerville had a population of 10,389. The population density was 1,787.3 people per square mile (690.1/km²). The racial makeup of Placerville was 8,716 (83.9%) White, 80 (0.8%) African American, 162 (1.6%) Native American, 98 (0.9%) Asian, 13 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 867 (8.3%) from other races, and 453 (4.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,863 persons (17.9%).

The Census reported that 9,788 people (94.2% of the population) lived in households, 131 (1.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 470 (4.5%) were institutionalized.

There were 4,129 households, out of which 1,254 (30.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,607 (38.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 604 (14.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 250 (6.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 327 (7.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 31 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,306 households (31.6%) were made up of individuals and 599 (14.5%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37. There were 2,461 families (59.6% of all households); the average family size was 2.97.

The population was spread out with 2,277 people (21.9%) under the age of 18, 972 people (9.4%) aged 18 to 24, 2,468 people (23.8%) aged 25 to 44, 2,831 people (27.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,841 people (17.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.4 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

There were 4,541 housing units at an average density of 781.2 per square mile (301.6/km²), of which 2,160 (52.3%) were owner-occupied, and 1,969 (47.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.8%. 5,023 people (48.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,765 people (45.9%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 9,610 people, 4,001 households, and 2,484 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,656.2 people per square mile (639.7/km²). There were 4,242 housing units at an average density of 731.1 per square mile (282.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.6% White, 0.2% Black or African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.8% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. 12.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,001 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 85.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,454, and the median income for a family was $46,875. Males had a median income of $36,711 versus $28,095 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,151. About 9.3% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

History

After the discovery of gold in nearby Coloma, California by James W. Marshall in 1848 sparked the California Gold Rush, the small town now known as Placerville was known as Dry Diggin's after the manner in which the miners moved cartloads of dry soil to running water to separate the gold from the soil. Later in 1849, the town earned its most common historical name, "Hangtown", because of the numerous hangings that had occurred there.[11] According to the museum guide at the Fountain & Tallman Museum, there were only three hangings that occurred after three men on horseback came into town with guns ablaze. The name stuck after that. 1850, the temperance league and a few local churches had begun to request that a more friendly name be bestowed upon the town. The name was not changed until 1854 when the City of Placerville was incorporated. At its incorporation Placerville was the third largest town in California. In 1857 the county seat was then moved from Coloma to Placerville, where it remains today.

Placerville was a central hub for the Mother Lode region's mining operations.[12] The town had many services, including transportation (of people and goods), lodging, banking, and had a market and general store. The history of hard-rock mining is evidenced by an open and accessible Gold Bug Park & Mine, now a museum with tours and books.[13]

The Southern Pacific Railroad once had a branch line that extended from Sacramento to Placerville. The track was abandoned in the 1980s. The Camino, Placerville and Lake Tahoe Railroad (now abandoned) also operated an Script error: No such module "convert". shortline that operated between Camino, California and Placerville until June 17, 1986. As of March 29, 2007, Script error: No such module "convert". of the right-of-way have been purchased by the city of Folsom, and eighteen miles (29 km) of track have been restored. Plans are in motion for a tourist train along the route by 2015.[14]

The town's first post office opened in 1850.[8]

Placerville is now registered as California Historical Landmark #701.[7]

National Register of Historic Places gallery

Placerville has several buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places; several are noted below.

Wine production

The region east of Placerville, popularly known as Apple Hill and Pleasant Valley, is increasingly becoming a center for quality wine production. The wine region is officially designated as the El Dorado AVA. The largest wineries in the area are Boeger, Lava Cap and Madrona, but most of the 30 plus wineries surrounding Placerville are family owned and smaller in wine grape and wine production. The region is "renown[ed] for making vibrantly flavorful, distinctly delicious wines, grown in the dramatic elevations of the Sierra Nevada."[15] The area is increasingly a center for sophisticated production of Rhone style wines, noted by El Dorado County having a local chapter of the Rhone Rangers winemaker association.

Government

In the California State Legislature, Placerville is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines,[16] and the 5th Assembly District, represented by Republican Frank Bigelow.[17]

In the United States House of Representatives, Placerville is in California's 4th congressional district, represented by Republican Tom McClintock.[18]

Racing

Formerly known as Anderson Field, the arena and main grandstand that is now known as Placerville Speedway was originally built by the El Dorado County Fair during the winter months of 1956. Constructing a clay racing surface around the perimeter of the football field, Warren Jewitt and Bruno Romani created what was originally known as "Hangtown Speedway". Auto racing took place here for the first time on June 18, 1965.

Since 1965, Placerville Speedway has hosted several racing divisions. The track was cut out of a hillside, giving it higher banking, and covered with a dark red clay racing surface.[19]

Culture

File:Gold-133538.jpg
Gold specimen from Placerville

Placerville is a historic community from the gold-rush days, and accordingly there are many old buildings from this period.[20] A walk down Main Street also reveals many historical markers, signifying spots of certain events or persons of importance during this period. Placerville was also on the line of the Pony Express, a short-lived mail carrier service that connected California to the Midwest and East (basically from Sacramento to St. Joseph, Missouri). The pony riders carried additionally, along with the mail, a small personal bible.

Historically, Placerville was often referred to by the name "Hangtown," due to the frequent hangings that occurred in the lawless area. Those traveling in the area can still see the old Hangman's platform that was used for public hangings.[21] It can also be seen on the street markers in town.

Placerville is home to the Mountain Democrat newspaper and Marshall Medical Center.

The [Southern Pacific] branch line was purchased from the Union Pacific in 1996 for $14 million by the Joint Powers Authority consisting of Sacramento County, Folsom, and El Dorado County. The line is being restored to run historic excursion trains from Folsom to Placerville on a total of Script error: No such module "convert". of track.

Climate

Placerville has cool, frequently wet winters and hot, dry summers, creating a typically Californian Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa). Average January temperatures are a maximum of Script error: No such module "convert". and a minimum of Script error: No such module "convert".. Average July temperatures are a maximum of Script error: No such module "convert". and a minimum of Script error: No such module "convert".. Annually, there are an average of 65.7 days with highs of Script error: No such module "convert". or higher and 61.3 mornings with lows of Script error: No such module "convert". or lower. The record high temperature was Script error: No such module "convert". on July 4, 1911. The record low temperature was Script error: No such module "convert". on December 9, 1972.

Average annual rainfall in Placerville is Script error: No such module "convert".. There an average of 66 days with measurable rain. The wettest calendar year was 1983 with Script error: No such module "convert". and the driest 1976 with Script error: No such module "convert".. The most rainfall in one month was Script error: No such module "convert". in December 1955. The most rainfall in 24 hours was Script error: No such module "convert". on February 14, 2000.[22]

Although Placerville is too low in altitude to normally record snowfall (only three winters between 1971 and 2000 had any snow whatsoever),[23] record breaking snow for a single storm under an 8 hour period took place on December 7, 2009: Script error: No such module "convert". fell in downtown Placerville and more than Script error: No such module "convert". on the outskirts of town. There was a record-tying low temperature of Script error: No such module "convert". for that night.

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Transportation

Placerville is served by two major highways. U.S. Route 50 heads west to Sacramento and east to South Lake Tahoe. California State Route 49 runs north and south, connecting the city with the other major communities in the Sierra Nevada foothills.

Placerville is served by the Placerville Airport.[24] A Good Neighbor Airport, it has a Script error: No such module "convert". runway, but is not currently served by any commercial air transport.

Notable people

Over the years many notable and influential people had shops in Placerville, mostly along the now historic Main Street.[25]

Historical persons:

Modern notable persons:

Gallery

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c "Placerville". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (WORD). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved April 5, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Mayor Borelli". City of Placerville, CA. Retrieved February 26, 2015. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau. 
  6. ^ "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Placerville". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  8. ^ a b Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 539. ISBN 1-884995-14-4. 
  9. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Placerville city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ El Dorado County Visitor's Guide
  12. ^ El Dorado County Visitors Authority
  13. ^ Hangtown's Gold Bug Park & Mine.
  14. ^ Iander, John (2007-03-29). "Some Hoping In Rejuvenating A Folsom Railroad". KMAX CBS13. Archived from the original on 2007-04-09. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  15. ^ El Dorado Winery Association
  16. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved April 5, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved April 5, 2013. 
  18. ^ "California's 4th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  19. ^ http://www.placervillespeedway.com/history
  20. ^ Historical buildings and monuments in El Dorado County
  21. ^ El Dorado, County Visitor's Guide
  22. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca6960
  23. ^ Climatography of the United States No. 20 – 1971-2000: 046960 PLACERVILLE; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ El Dorado County Visitor's Authority
  26. ^ "Experts: Defense in Yale Killing Has Tough Job" Associated Press, September 19, 2009 [2]

Sources

External links