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Polish Braille

Polish Braille
Type
alphabet
Languages Polish
Parent systems
Braille
  • Polish Braille
Print basis
Polish alphabet

Polish Braille (alfabet Braille'a) is a braille alphabet for writing the Polish language. It is based on international braille conventions, with the following extensions:[1]

Base
letter
40px
a
40px
c
40px
e
40px
l
40px
n
40px
s
40px
u
40px
y
40px
z
Derived
letter
40px
ą
40px
ć
40px
ę
40px
ł
40px
ń
40px
ś
40px
ó
40px
ż
40px
ź

That is, for letters of the first and second decade of the braille script (a, c, e, l, n, s), a diacritic is written as dot 6, and any dot 3 is removed (or, equivalently, is moved to position 6)—that is, the base letter is moved to the fourth decade. For letters of the third decade (u, y, z), which already have a dot 6, the derivation is a mirror image. Ó is derived from u, which is how it is pronounced (also, the mirror image of o is already taken). Several of these conventions are used in Lithuanian Braille.

Alphabet

The full alphabet is thus:

40px
a
40px
ą
40px
b
40px
c
40px
ć
40px
d
40px
e
40px
ę
40px
f
40px
g
40px
h
40px
i
40px
j
40px
k
40px
l
40px
ł
40px
m
40px
n
40px
ń
40px
o
40px
ó
40px
p
40px
r
40px
s
40px
ś
40px
t
40px
u
40px
w
40px
y
40px
z
40px
ż
40px
ź

Print digraphs in z are written as two letters in braille as well: cz, rz, sz.

Punctuation

40px
,
40px
.   '[2]
40px
 ;
40px
 :
40px
 ?
40px
 !
40px
-   —
40px
@
40px
*
40px
/
40px
\
40px40px
#
40px40px
40px40px40px
 %
40px40px40px40px
40px
°
40px
40px40px
40px
$
40px40px
¢
40px40px
40px40px
40px40px
©
40px40px
Paired punctuation
40px40px40px
“ ... ”
40px40px40px40px40px
‘ ... ’
40px40px40px
( ... )
40px40px40px40px40px
{ ... } (?)[3]
40px40px40px
[ ... ]
40px40px40px40px40px
...

Formatting

40px
(cap)
40px
(l.c.)
40px
(emph.)

External links

  • [2] (a detailed account of typesetting Polish Braille)

[3] Braille Translator on-line( Conversion of typed text on the Braille characters, full of Polish notation.)

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ And thus for ellipsis.
  3. ^ It's not clear which brackets these are. In Polish, their name is nawias wydzielający, a phrase that refers specifically to these braille characters.

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