Politics of Egypt
|Party||Ideology||Votes||Vote %||PR Seats||FPTP Seats||Total Seats||Component Parties|
| Democratic Alliance for Egypt
(led by the Freedom and Justice Party)
|Nationalist||10,138,134||37.5||127||108||235|| Freedom & Justice Party: 213 |
Dignity Party: 6
Ghad El-Thawra Party: 2
Civilization Party: 2
Islamic Labour Party: 1
Egyptian Arab Socialist Party: 1
Egyptian Reform Party: 1
Affiliated Independents 9
| Islamist Bloc
(led by Al-Nour Party)
|Islamist - Salafi||7,534,266||27.8||96|| 25
| Al-Nour Party: 107 |
Building & Development Party: 13
Authenticity Party: 3
|New Wafd Party||National liberal||2,480,391||9.2||37||4||41|
|Egyptian Bloc||Social liberal||2,402,238||8.9||33|| 2
| Social Democratic Party: 16 |
Free Egyptians Party: 15
Progressive Unionist Party: 4
|Al-Wasat Party||Moderate Islamist||989,003||3.7||10||0||10|
|The Revolution Continues Alliance||Leftist||745,863||2.8||7||2||9|| Socialist Popular Alliance Party: 7 |
Freedom Egypt Party: 1
Equality & Development Party: 1
|Reform and Development Party||Liberal||604,415||2.2||8||1||9|
|Freedom Party||NDP offshoot||514,029||1.9||4||0||4|
|National Party of Egypt||NDP offshoot||425,021||1.6||4||1||5|
|Egyptian Citizen Party||NDP offshoot||235,395||0.9||3||1||4|
|Union Party||NDP offshoot||141,382||0.5||2||0||2|
|Conservative Party||NDP offshoot||272,910||1.0||0||1||1|
|Democratic Peace Party||NDP offshoot||248,281||0.9||1||0||1|
|Arab Egyptian Unity Party||NDP offshoot||149,253||0.6||1||0||1|
|Total elected||elected MPs||27,065,135||100.00||332||166||498|
|SCAF appointees||non-elected MPs||-||-||-||-||10|
|Abdel Fattah el-Sisi||Independent||23,780,104||96.91|
|Hamdeen Sabahi||Popular Current||757,511||3.09|
|Source: Ahram Online|
|Freedom and Justice Party||2,894,922||45.04||56||49||105|
|New Wafd Party||543,417||8.45||14||0||14|
|Democratic Peace Party||95,273||1.48||1||0||1|
|Life in Egypt|
On 14 June 2012, the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt ordered the People's Assembly to be dissolved, citing irregularities in the election of members.
Egyptians had been living under emergency law since 1967, except for an 18-month break in 1980, until 31 May 2012. Emergency laws have been continuously extended every three years since 1981. These laws sharply circumscribe any non-governmental political activity: street demonstrations, non-approved political organizations, and un-registered financial donations are formally banned. Nonetheless, since 2000, these restrictions have been violated in practice. In 2003, the agenda shifted heavily towards local democratic reforms, opposition to the succession of Gamal Mubarak as president, and rejection of violence by state security forces. Groups involved in the latest wave include PCSPI, the Egyptian Movement for Change (Kefaya), and the Association for Egyptian Mothers.
Substantial peasant activism exists on a variety of issues, especially related to land rights and land reform. A major flash point was the 1997 repeal of Nasser-era land reform policies under pressure for structural adjustment. A pole for this activity is the Land Center for Human Rights.
The Egyptian Revolution of 2011, inspired by the recent revolution in Tunisia, forced the resignation of President Mubarak and the Military Junta that succeeded him abrogated the Constitution and promised free and fair elections under a new one.
Political pressure groups and leaders
Before the revolution, Mubarak tolerated limited political activity by the Brotherhood for his first two terms, but then moved more aggressively to block its influence (arguably leading to its recent rise in public support). Trade unions and professional associations are officially sanctioned. In 2014, in Upper Egypt, several newspapers reported that the region of Upper Egypt wants to secede from Egypt to try to improve living standards.
The permanent headquarters for the League of Arab States (The Arab League) is located in Cairo. The Secretary General of the League has traditionally been an Egyptian. Former Egyptian Foreign Minister Nabil El-Araby is the present Secretary General of the Arab League. The Arab League moved out of Egypt to Tunis in 1978 as a protest at the peace treaty with Israel, but returned in 1989.
Egypt was the first Arab state to establish diplomatic relations with the state of Israel, after the signing of the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty at the Camp David Accords. Egypt has a major influence amongst other Arab states, and has historically played an important role as a mediator in resolving disputes between various Arab nations, and in the Israeli-Palestinian dispute. Most Arab nations still give credence to Egypt playing that role, though its effects are often limited.
Former Egyptian Deputy Prime Minister Boutros Boutros-Ghali served as Secretary General of the United Nations from 1991 to 1996.
A territorial dispute with Sudan over an area known as the Hala'ib Triangle, has meant that diplomatic relations between the two remain strained.
- "El-Sisi sworn in as Egypt president". Ahram Online. 8 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- "Commission announces proposed changes to Egyptian Constitution". Egypt Independent. 26 February 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- "Egyptians vote in landmark presidential election". BBC. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- Bassem, Sabry (20 May 2012). "Quick Guide: The lowdown on Egypt's presidential frontrunners". Ahram Online. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- "Egypt runoff presidential election kicks off sullenly". Los Angeles Times. 17 June 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- "Cabinet preliminarily passes law regulating electoral districts". Aswat Masriya. 10 December 2014. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- "Egypt elections to start on November 28". AFP. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- "Egypt to hold parliamentary elections on Nov. 28". Xinhua. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- "50 member constitution committee eliminates Shura Council". Ahram Online. 1 December 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- "Egypt constitution 'approved by 98.1 percent'". Al Jazeera English. 18 January 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- "Egyptian Military Dissolves Parliament". New York Times. 13 February 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- "Egypt after the Revolt. Emboldened Muslim Brotherhood May Emerge from Egypt's Spring Power Transition". Thecuttingedgenews.com. 27 June 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
- Essam El-Din, Gamal (23 Jan 2012). "Egypt's post-Mubarak legislative life begins amid tension and divisions". Ahram Online. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- السنهوري, محمد (21 January 2012). "«العليا» تعلن نتائج قوائم «الشعب».. الحرية والعدالة 127 مقعدًا والنور 96 و«الكتلة» 33". Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- ممدوح شعبان وسعاد طنطاوي وعلي محمد علي. "النتائج النهائية لانتخابات مجلس الشعب". al-ahram.
- El-Din, Gamal Essam (22–28 December 2011), "Islamists consolidate their lead", Al-Ahram Weekly, retrieved 6 June 2014
- "Who are the non-Islamists in Egypt's parliament?". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 31 January 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- CNN Wire Staff (2 June 2012). "Egypt lifts unpopular emergency law". CNN. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- Gratowski, J. Thomas (17 February 2014). "Is Egypt Breaking Apart?". International Affairs Review. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- Hatem Elliesie: The Rule of Law in Egypt. In: Matthias Koetter / Gunnar Folke Schuppert (Eds.), Understanding of the Rule of Law in various Legal Orders of the World: Working Paper Series Nr. 5 of SFB 700: Governance in Limited Areas of Statehood, Berlin 2010.
- Government of Egypt at DMOZ
- Comparison Between Ancient And Modern Egyptian Governments at Aldokkan
- Egypt at Global Integrity Report
- Egypt: A Nation in Waiting (Al Jazeera documentary focusing on past trends in Egypt's political history and protests.)
General government sites
- Official Egyptian Government Portal
- Egyptian Investment Portal official government site
- Egypt State Information Service official government site
- The Egyptian Presidency
- The People Assembly of Egypt
- Egyptian Shoura Council
Lua error in Module:Navbar at line 23: Invalid title Template:If empty.