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Pope Innocent V

Pope Blessed
Innocent V
Papacy began 21 January 1276
Papacy ended 22 June 1276
Predecessor Gregory X
Successor Adrian V
Ordination c. 1259
Consecration 1272
Created Cardinal 3 June 1273
by Pope Gregory X
Personal details
Birth name Pierre de Tarentaise
Born c. 1225
Near Champagny-en-Vanoise or La Salle, County of Savoy, Kingdom of Arles, Holy Roman Empire
Died 22 June 1276(1276-06-22)
Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
Previous post
Coat of arms Innocent V's coat of arms
Feast day 22 June
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Title as Saint Blessed
Beatified 9 March 1898
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
by Pope Leo XIII
Other popes named Innocent
Papal styles of
Pope Innocent V
Reference style His Holiness
Spoken style Your Holiness
Religious style Holy Father
Posthumous style Blessed

Pope Innocent V (Latin: Innocentius V; c. 1225 – 22 June 1276), born Pierre de Tarentaise, was Pope from 21 January to 22 June 1276. He was a member of the Order of Preachers and was a close collaborator of Pope Gregory X during his pontificate. He was beatified in 1898 by Pope Leo XIII.


Early life

He was born around 1225 near Moûtiers in the Tarentaise region of the County of Savoy, but another hypothesis affirms he was born in La Salle.[1] Both places were then part of the Kingdom of Arles in the Holy Roman Empire, but now the first is in southeastern France and the second in northwestern Italy. In early life, he joined the Dominican Order, in which he acquired great fame as a preacher.

In 1259, Peter took part in the General Chapter of the Dominican Order at Valenciennes together with Albert the Great, Thomas Aquinas, and Bonushomo Britto,[2] Florentius,[3] establishing a ratio studiorum or program of studies for the Dominican Order[4] that featured the study of philosophy as an innovation for those not sufficiently trained to study theology. This innovation initiated the tradition of Dominican scholastic philosophy put into practice, for example, in 1265 at the Order's studium provinciale at the convent of Santa Sabina in Rome, out of which would develop the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum.[5]

He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1273 by Pope Gregory X. He delivered a sermon at the funeral of Cardinal Bonaventure in 1274 and also accompanied Gregory X in his trip to Italy from 1275 to his death in 1276. This triggered a conclave to elect the late pope's successor.


Papal conclave

At the papal conclave of January 1276, which lasted one day, he became the first Dominican to become Pope, being elected on the first ballot of the conclave. He assumed the pontifical name of "Innocent" and his coronation took place on 22 February 1276 by Cardinal Giovanni Gaetano Orsini.


The only noteworthy feature of his brief and uneventful pontificate was the practical form assumed by his desire for reunion with the Eastern Church. He was proceeding to send legates to Michael VIII Palaeologus, the Byzantine emperor, in connection with the recent decisions of the Second Council of Lyons, when he died at Rome.

Pope Innocent V was the author of several works of philosophy, theology, and canon law, including commentaries on the Pauline epistles and on the Sentences of Peter Lombard. He is sometimes referred to as famosissimus doctor.

Death and beatification

He died after a short bout with an unknown illness on 22 June 1276.[6] Pope Leo XIII beatified him in 1898 on account of his reputation for holiness and saintliness.

External links


  1. ^ Jean Prieur, Hyacinte Vulliez: Saints et saintes de Savoie, édit. Le Vieil, Annecy, 1999, pages 87-88. According to this hypothesis a street in Aosta has been dedicated to Pope Innocent V.
  2. ^ Histoire littéraire de la France: XIIIe siècle, Paris, Firmin-Didot, 1838, Volume 19, p. 103 [1] Accessed October 27, 2012
  3. ^ Probably Florentius de Hidinio, aka Florentius Gallicus, Histoire literaire de la France: XIIIe siècle, Volume 19, p. 104, Accessed October 27, 2012
  4. ^ Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, Volume 10, p. 701. Accessed 9 June 2011
  5. ^ "The Place of Study In the Ideal of St. Dominic", J. A. Weisheipl, O.P. (1923-1984), 1960. Accessed 19 March 2013
  6. ^
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Henry of Segusio
Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia
Succeeded by
Latino Malabranca Orsini
Preceded by
Gregory X
Succeeded by
Adrian V

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