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President of Chile

President of
the Republic of Chile
[[File:Flag of the President of Chile.svg#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.border|120px]]
Incumbent
Michelle Bachelet

since 11 March 2014
Style Her Excellency
Residence La Moneda Palace
Term length Four years, not eligible for re-election immediately
Inaugural holder Manuel Blanco Encalada
Formation 9 July 1826
Website Government of Chile

The President of the Republic of Chile (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Chile) is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Chile. The President is responsible for both government and state administration.[1] Although its role and significance has changed over the history of Chile, as well as its position and relations with other actors in the national political organization, it is one of the most prominent political figures. It is also considered as one of the institutions that make up the "Historic Constitution of Chile", and is essential to the country's political stability.[2]

Under the current Constitution (adopted in 1980), the President is elected to serve for a period of four years, with immediate re-election being prohibited. The shorter period (previously the term was six years) allows for parliamentary and presidential elections to be synchronized. The official seat of the President of Chile is the La Moneda Palace in the capital Santiago.

List of heads of state of Chile (1810–present)

Heads of state during the Chilean War of Independence (1810–1826)

Parties
  • 1810–1823:

      Royalists       Patriots       Independent

  • 1823–1826:

      Pelucones       Pipiolos

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Took Office Left Office Political Party
30pxOld Fatherland (1810–1814) • 20px
1 80px Mateo de Toro Zambrano
(1727–1811)
18 September 1810 26 February 1811 Royalists
2 80px Juan Martínez de Rozas
(1759–1813)
26 February 1811 2 April 1811 Patriots
3 80px Fernando Márquez de la Plata
(1740–1818)
1811 2 April 1811 20 July 1811 Royalists
4 80px Martín Calvo Encalada
(1756–1828)
20 July 1811 16 November 1811 Patriots
5 80px José Miguel Carrera
(1785–1821)
16 November 1811 23 August 1813 Patriots
6 80px José Miguel Infante
(1778–1844)
23 August 1813 11 January 1814 Patriots
7 80px Agustín Eyzaguirre
(1768–1837)
11 January 1814 7 March 1814 Patriots
8 80px Antonio José de Irisarri
(1786–1868)
7 March 1814 14 March 1814 Patriots
9 80px Francisco de la Lastra
(1777–1852)
14 March 1814 23 July 1814 Patriots
10 80px José Miguel Carrera
(1785–1821)
23 July 1814 2 October 1814 Patriots
30pxSpanish Reconquest (1814–1817) • 20px
1 80px Mariano Osorio
(1777–1819)
2 October 1814 26 December 1815 Royalists
2 80px Francisco Marcó del Pont
(1770–1819)
26 December 1815 12 February 1817 Royalists
30pxNew Fatherland (1817–1826) • 20px
1 80px Francisco Ruiz-Tagle
(1790–1860)
12 February 1817 16 February 1817 Independent /
Pelucones
2 80px Bernardo O'Higgins
(1778–1842)
16 February 1817 28 January 1823 Independent /
Pipiolos
3 80px Agustín Eyzaguirre
(1768–1837)
1822 28 January 1823 4 April 1823 Independent
4 80px Ramón Freire
(1787–1851)
1823 4 April 1823 9 July 1826 Pipiolos

Presidents of the Republic of Chile (1826–present)

Parties
  • 1826–1841:

      Independent       Pipiolos       Pelucones

  • 1841–1973:

      Conservative Party       National Party       Liberal Party       Liberal Democratic Party       Radical Party       Christian Democratic Party       Socialist Party

  • 1973–1990:

      Military

  • 1990–present:

      Christian Democratic Party       Party for Democracy       Socialist Party       National Renewal

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Took Office Left Office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
1 80px Manuel Blanco Encalada
(1790–1876)
1826 9 July 1826 9 September 1826 Independent
2 80px Agustín Eyzaguirre
(1768–1837)
9 September 1826 25 January 1827 Independent
3 80px Ramón Freire Serrano
(1787–1851)
1827 25 January 1827 8 May 1827 Pipiolos
4 80px Francisco Antonio Pinto
(1785–1858)
8 May 1827 24 December 1829 Pipiolos
80px José Tomás Ovalle
(1787–1831)
24 December 1829 18 September 1831 Pelucones
5 80px José Joaquín Prieto
(1786–1854)
1831 18 September 1831 18 September 1836 Pelucones
1836 18 September 1836 18 September 1841 Conservative Party
6 80px Manuel Bulnes
(1799–1866)
1841 18 September 1841 18 September 1846 Conservative Party
1846 18 September 1846 18 September 1851
7 80px Manuel Montt
(1809–1890)
1851 18 September 1851 18 September 1856 Conservative Party
1856 18 September 1856 18 September 1861 National Party
8 80px José Joaquín Pérez
(1801–1889)
1861 18 September 1861 18 September 1866 National Party
(Fusion)
1866 18 September 1866 18 September 1871
9 80px Federico Errázuriz Zañartu
(1825–1877)
1871 18 September 1871 18 September 1876 Liberal Party
(Fusion)
10 80px Aníbal Pinto
(1825–1884)
1876 18 September 1876 18 September 1881 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
11 80px Domingo Santa María
(1825–1889)
1881 18 September 1881 18 September 1886 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
12 80px José Manuel Balmaceda
(1840–1891)
1886 18 September 1886 31 August 1891 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
13 80px Jorge Montt
(1845–1922)
1891 31 August 1891 18 September 1896 Independent
(Coalition)
14 80px Federico Errázuriz Echaurren
(1850–1901)
1896 31 August 1896 12 July 1901
(death in office)
Liberal Party
(Coalition)
15 80px Germán Riesco
(1854–1916)
1901 18 September 1901 18 September 1906 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
16 80px Pedro Montt
(1849–1910)
1906 18 September 1906 16 August 1910 National Party
(Liberal Alliance)
17 80px Ramón Barros Luco
(1835–1919)
1910 23 December 1910 23 December 1915 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
18 80px Juan Luis Sanfuentes
(1858–1930)
1915 23 December 1915 23 December 1920 Liberal Democratic Party
(Coalition)
19 80px Arturo Alessandri Palma
(1868–1950)
1920 23 December 1920 11 September 1924
(deposed by a coup)
Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
Government Junta (1924–1925)
20 80px Emiliano Figueroa Larraín
(1866–1931)
1925 23 December 1925 10 May 1927
(deposed by a coup)
Liberal Democratic Party
(Coalition)
21 80px Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
(1877–1960)
1927 10 May 1927 15 November 1931 Independent
22 80px Juan Esteban Montero
(1879–1948)
1931 15 November 1931 4 June 1932
(deposed by a coup)
Radical Party
Government Junta of Socialist Republic (1932)
23 80px Arturo Alessandri Palma
(1868–1950)
1932 24 December 1932 24 December 1938 Liberal Party
24 80px Pedro Aguirre Cerda
(1879–1941)
1938 24 December 1938 25 November 1941
(death in office)
Radical Party
(Popular Front)
25 80px Juan Antonio Ríos
(1888–1946)
1942 2 April 1942 27 June 1946
(death in office)
Radical Party
(Democratic Alliance)
26 80px Gabriel González Videla
(1898–1980)
1946 3 November 1946 3 November 1952 Radical Party
27 80px Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
(1877–1960)
1952 3 November 1952 3 November 1958 Independent
(FENAFUI)
28 80px Jorge Alessandri Rodríguez
(1896–1986)
1958 3 November 1958 3 November 1964 Independent
(Democratic Front of Chile)
style="background:Template:Christian Democratic Party (Chile)/meta/color" | 29 80px Eduardo Frei Montalva
(1911–1982)
1964 3 November 1964 3 November 1970 Christian Democratic Party
30 80px Salvador Allende Gossens
(1908–1973)
1970 3 November 1970 11 September 1973
(deposed by a coup)
Socialist Party
(Popular Unity)
31 80px Augusto Pinochet Ugarte
(1915–2006)
11 September 1973 11 March 1981 Military
11 March 1981 11 March 1990
style="background:Template:Christian Democratic Party (Chile)/meta/color" | 32 80px Patricio Aylwin Azócar
(born in 1918)
1989 11 March 1990 11 March 1994 Christian Democratic Party
(Concertación)
style="background:Template:Christian Democratic Party (Chile)/meta/color" | 33 80px Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle
(born in 1942)
1993 11 March 1994 11 March 2000 Christian Democratic Party
(Concertación)
34 80px Ricardo Lagos Escobar
(born in 1938)
1999 11 March 2000 11 March 2006 Party for Democracy
(Concertación)
35 80px Michelle Bachelet Jeria
(born in 1951)
2005 11 March 2006 11 March 2010 Socialist Party
(Concertación)
style="background:Template:National Renewal (Chile)/meta/color; color:white" | 36 80px Sebastián Piñera Echenique
(born in 1949)
2009 11 March 2010 11 March 2014 National Renewal
(Coalición)
37 80px Michelle Bachelet Jeria
(born in 1951)
2013 11 March 2014 Incumbent Socialist Party
(Nueva Mayoría)

See also

References

  1. ^ See Sentencia Rol 78-1989 of the Constitutional Court of Chile, relapsed on the Central Bank of Chile's Constitutional Act project (declarations Nº 7 to 13).
  2. ^ Bravo Lira, Bernardino (1996). "Introducción. Raíz y razón del Estado de derecho en Chile". El Estado de Derecho en la Historia de Chile. Santiago, Chile: Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile. 

External links

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