President of Ukraine
|President of Ukraine|
Mariyinsky Palace (ceremonial)|
13 other available for use
renewable once, consecutively
December 5, 1991[d]
|Formation||Law "On the President of the Ukrainian SSR," July 5, 1991[a]|
|Salary||₴25,578 per month|
|“||Я, (ім'я та прізвище), волею народу обраний Президентом України, заступаючи на цей високий пост, урочисто присягаю на вірність Україні. Зобов'язуюсь усіма своїми справами боронити суверенітет і незалежність України, дбати про благо Вітчизни і добробут Українського народу, обстоювати права і свободи громадян, додержуватися Конституції України і законів України, виконувати свої обов'язки в інтересах усіх співвітчизників, підносити авторитет України у світі.||”|
Official English translation:
|“||I, (name and surname), elected by the will of the people as the President of Ukraine, assuming this high office, do solemnly swear allegiance to Ukraine. I pledge with all my undertakings to protect the sovereignty and independence of Ukraine, to provide for the good of the Motherland and the welfare of the Ukrainian people, to protect the rights and freedoms of citizens, to abide by the Constitution of Ukraine and the laws of Ukraine, to exercise my duties in the interests of all compatriots, and to enhance the prestige of Ukraine in the world.||”|
After conducting the oath, the President signs the text of the oath of office and transfers it over to the Chairman of the Constitutional Court.
Duties and powers
According to Article 102 of the Constitution, the President is the guarantor of state sovereignty and territorial indivisibility of Ukraine, the observer of the Constitution and human rights and freedoms. As stated in Article 106, the President ensures state independence, national security and the legal succession of the state. Unlike in other semi-presidential systems of government, the President of Ukraine does not belong to the executive branch of government. The Prime Minister is Ukraine's head of government. Thus, the President serves to represent the country and government as a whole, and not any specific branch of government. The President is obliged by the Constitution to prevent any actions of the executive, legislative and judicial branches from taking effect and interfering with the powers of the Constitution. In addition, the President is barred by the Constitution from heading a political party.
The President has the power to submit a proposal for the nomination of the Prime Minister; the Verkhovna Rada, through a constitutional majority, has to support the candidacy. Laws passed by the Verkhovna Rada have to be signed by the President to become officially promulgated. The President also has the authority to create consultative, advisory and other subordinate government bodies for their authority with the use of the state budget. The President may address the nation and the Verkhovna Rada with his annual and special addresses on domestic and foreign issues of Ukraine. They may also call for the conduction of national referendums. The President appoints the heads of local state administrations nominated by the Prime Minister for the period of his presidency.
The President represents the country and government as a whole in international affairs. The President has the authority to conduct negotiations and sign treaties on behalf of the Ukrainian government. The right to recognize foreign nations rests solely with the President. The President may appoint and dismiss heads of diplomatic missions of Ukraine to other states and to international organizations and accept the recall of diplomatic representatives to Ukraine of foreign states. Although the President does not head the executive branch of government, they have the right to nominate their candidates for Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Defence in the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
As per the checks and balances system of Ukrainian government, the President can veto laws adopted by the Verkhovna Rada (except constitutional amendments). The President wields high power in the legislative branch of government compared to other European heads of state. They may disband the parliament and call for early elections. This power has only been used twice to date, both times by incumbent President Viktor Yushchenko (in 2007 and 2008). The legislative branches' check on the President includes the right to overturn a presidential veto with a two-thirds majority vote of the parliament.
The President can suspend acts passed by the Cabinet of Ministers if they contradict the intent of the Constitution and challenge such acts with the Constitutional Court, one-third of which can be appointed (and dismissed) by the President. Ukrainian law also allows the President to establish new jurisdictional districts and courts. In addition, the President can select the Prosecutor General and Head of the Security Service of Ukraine with the Verkhovna Rada's consent. One-half of the Council of the National Bank of Ukraine and the National Council of Ukraine on Television and Radio Broadcasting is reserved for the President to select.
In addition to serving as the head of state, the President is the Ukrainian Army's Supreme Commander-in-Chief (Article 106) and the Head of the National Security and Defense Council, which advises the President regarding national security policy on domestic and international matters. The president can submit a declaration of war to the parliament and order the use of the Ukrainian Army and military formations in defense of aggression. Martial law can also be declared on the territory of Ukraine if state independence is deemed in danger. With the confirmation of the Verkhovna Rada, a state of emergency or zones of ecological emergency can also be adopted by the President.
Unconditional pardon is reserved exclusively for the President; however, this right cannot be exercised by an acting president. The President can also confer citizens with state orders such as the Hero of Ukraine or confer high military, diplomatic and other ranks and class orders. Citizenship and political asylum in Ukraine can be granted and revoked by the President of Ukraine and as regulated by law.
The President of Ukraine appoints heads of regional state administrations (oblderzhadministratsia), presidential representatives to the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Verkhovna Rada, and others. The President does not act as an ex officio head of state of Crimea. The President can revoke any laws passed by the Council of Ministers of Crimea that are deemed to contradict the Ukrainian Constitution and can provide thei presidential consent on a nominee for Prime Minister of Crimea.
List of presidential appointments
- Heads of diplomatic missions of Ukraine (ambassadors)
- Prime Minister of Ukraine (consent of Verkhovna Rada), in 1996-2004 and 2010-2014
- Procurator General of Ukraine (consent of Verkhovna Rada)
- Chairman of the Anti-monopoly Committee of Ukraine (consent of Verkhovna Rada)
- Chairman of the State Property Fund of Ukraine (consent of Verkhovna Rada)
- Chairman of the State Committee of Ukraine on Television- and Radio-broadcasting (consent of Verkhovna Rada)
- Members of Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (submission of Prime-Minister)
- Members of other central bodies of executive power (submission of Prime-Minister)
- Heads of local government (submission of Prime Minister)
- Members of the Council of the National Bank of Ukraine (one-half of the composition)
- Members of the National Council of Ukraine on Television- and Radio-broadcasting (one-half of the composition)
- The High Command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and main military formations
- Constitutional Court of Ukraine (one-third of the composition)
- Head of the Presidential Administration of Ukraine
- Presidential first aide
- Presidential press secretary
- Advising bodies
- Education and research
- National Institute of Strategic Research
- National Academy of State Management
- Presidential Administration of Ukraine
- State Administration of Affairs
- Security Service of Ukraine
- Committee of Economical Reforms
- Local State Administrations
- Constitutional Assembly of Ukraine
Impeachment and succession
In order to impeach the President, they must be convicted of treason to the state and other crimes. A two-thirds constitutional majority in the Verkhovna Rada (300 ayes) must support a procedure of impeachment for it to begin. A temporary investigative commission is established by the parliament for the impeachment investigation. The commission's final conclusions are considered at a parliamentary meeting.
To adopt an impeachment resolution, a minimum two-thirds of the parliament must support the impeachment procedure. To remove the President from office, a minimum three-quarters of parliament must support the resolution. The Constitutional and the Supreme Court of Ukraine's conclusions and decisions are considered at the parliamentary meetings.
In the event that a President is incapable of committing his/her duties as President, the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada becomes the acting president until a new president is elected. The acting president is not given the authority to address the nation and parliament, dismiss the legislative branch and appoint candidates for parliamentary approval of government and judicial posts. The acting president cannot call for a referendum, grant military ranks and state orders and exercise their right of pardon. There are no constitutional provisions for presidential succession in case both the president and chairman's posts are vacant.
An election as President of Ukraine garners many privileges of office to an individual. Full legal immunity is granted from all prosecutions and legal proceedings, excluding parliament's right to impeach the president. The title of President of Ukraine itself is protected by law and is reserved for the president for life, unless they have been impeached from office. According to Article 105 of the Constitution, offending the honor and dignity of the President is punishable by law, although no such law has yet been enacted. The President's personal security is provided by the Directory of State Security of Ukraine and a separate presidential regiment provided by the Ministry of Interior.
For their services to the state, the president is allotted a yearly gross salary of ₴ 283,884 ($37,470, 2005). All official and state visits made by the president are operated by the Ukraine Air Enterprise Tupolev Tu-134 presidential airplane. All required aviation transportation is provided by the State Aviation Company "Ukraina" (Ukraine Air Enterprise), the headquarters of which is located in Boryspil.
The Presidential Administration of Ukraine is an administrative body set up to provide analytical, advisory and legal assistance to the President. It is colloquially known as "Bankova", because it is located on Bankova Street in a massive building across from the House with Chimaeras. The head of the administration, the Chief Secretary, acts as the gray cardinal for the president in Ukrainian politics. Around fourteen state residences are allocated for official Presidential use, many of which remain from the Kuchma-era presidency. The official ceremonial residence is the Mariyinsky Palace in Kiev. Other state residences include the House with Chimaeras and the House of the Weeping Widow in Kiev, the Yusupov Palace in Crimea, Mezhyhirya near Kiev and Synehora in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast. In addition, each former president has been allotted a state-owned dacha in the former forest preserve in Koncha-Zaspa.
A lot of additional material-technical, social-communal, health care provision support is offered by the State Department of Affairs (abbreviated as DUS) that is created for state officials and subordinated to the President of Ukraine. DUS is a supporting state agency that was restructured in 2000 out of the Presidential Directory of Affairs. Primarily the agency is designated for the President and its administration, while also provides support for the Cabinet of Ministers, parliament, and other state agencies if budget permits.
- Presidential Palace Ukraine.jpg
The rear facade of the Mariyinsky Palace, the president's ceremonial residence.
- House of the Weeping Widow front façade.JPG
The House of the Weeping Widow is used to house official state visitors.
The President's official state symbols consists of the Presidential Standard of the Ukrainian Flag, the Seal of the President of Ukraine, the Presidential ID Card, the Presidential Sign (collar), and the Bulava of the President of Ukraine. The presidential symbols, along with other important Presidential documents and media, are contained in the Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine, the country's main academic library. For the President's use, the library prepares documents and analytical materials.
The president's spouse is recognized as the First Lady, much in the similar fashion as in other countries, although such a title holds no official and legal responsibility and is often undisclosed. However, during the Yushchenko Presidency, his marriage to Kateryna Yushchenko and their private life drew a lot of attention from the media. Apart from Kateryna Yushchenko, little else is known about the other presidential spouses.
The tradition of the Ukrainian "First family" was established by Kuchma, who became the in-law to his daughter's husband and politician Viktor Pinchuk. During the presidency of Viktor Yanukovych, the "first family" meaning was taken to the next level whose son Viktor became a parliamentarian of Verkhovna Rada with the same political party affiliation.
List of Presidents
- Leonid Kravchuk.jpg
- Wiktor Juschtschenko, Präsident der Ukraine, in der Universität Zürich.jpg
- Viktor Yanukovych Greece 2011 (cropped).jpg
- Oleksandr Turchynov 2012-10-19.jpg
- Petro Porochenko au Conseil de l’Europe Strasbourg 26 juin 2014 04.jpg
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id:NP value:rgb(1,1,0.8) legend:No_party id:OU value:orange legend:Our_Ukraine id:PR value:blue legend:Party_of_Regions id:BT value:red legend:Fatherland id:PP value:red legend:Petro_Poroshenko
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from:1991 till:1994 color:NP text:"Leonid Kravchuk (1991–1994)" from:1994 till:2005 color:NP text:"Leonid Kuchma (1994–2005)" from:2005 till:2010 color:OU text:"Viktor Yushchenko (2005–2010)" from:2010 till:2014 color:PR text:"Viktor Yanukovych (2010–2014)" from:2014 till:2014 color:BT text:"Oleksandr Turchynov Acting (2014)" from:2014 till:end color:PP text:"Petro Poroshenko 2014-incumbent"
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- List of leaders of Ukraine
- List of Ukrainian rulers
- List of secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine
a.^ As President of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.
b.^ Per Chapter V, Article 103 of the Constitution, the President is allowed to serve a maximum of two full 5-year terms. However, in 2003, the Constitutional Court of Ukraine permitted then-President Leonid Kuchma to run for a third term in the 2004 presidential election (he chose not to run). "Summary to the Decision no. 22-rp/2003 of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine as of December 25, 2003" (MICROSOFT WORD DOCUMENT). Constitutional Court of Ukraine. December 25, 2003. Retrieved 2009-03-22.
C.^ Official Ukrainian text of the oath: "Я, (ім'я та прізвище), волею народу обраний Президентом України, заступаючи на цей високий пост, урочисто присягаю на вірність Україні. Зобов'язуюсь усіма своїми справами боронити суверенітет і незалежність України, дбати про благо Вітчизни і добробут Українського народу, обстоювати права і свободи громадян, додержуватися Конституції України і законів України, виконувати свої обов'язки в інтересах усіх співвітчизників, підносити авторитет України у світі." Source: Стаття 104. Constitution of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 2008-12-13.
D.^ Although Leonid Kravchuk's official inauguration ceremony was conducted on August 22, 1992, he carried out most of the presidential responsibilities temporarily ceded to him as Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada until December 5, 1991 when he became President.</dl>
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Rada decides to hold inauguration of Poroshenko on June 7 at 1000, Interfax-Ukraine (3 June 2014)
Poroshenko sworn in as Ukrainian president, Interfax-Ukraine (7 June 2014)
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Ukraine: Energy Policy Review 2006, International Energy Agency, 24 October 2006, ISBN 9264109919 (page 130)
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- "Official Symbols of the President of Ukraine". Presidential Administration of Ukraine. Retrieved 2008-12-25.
- "About the Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine". Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine. Retrieved 2008-12-25.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Presidents of Ukraine.|
- Invalid language code. Invalid language code. Invalid language code. "Official web-site of the President of Ukraine". Presidential Administration of Ukraine. Retrieved 2008-12-13.
- "Official web-site of the State Directory of Affairs" (in українська). State Directory of Affairs (2006). Retrieved 2011-04-08.
- "Meeting of presidents of Ukraine". Presidential Administration of Ukraine. Retrieved 2008-12-13.
- "All power to councils -- not to a President Czar"
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