Prime Minister of India
|Prime Minister of |
the Republic of India
भारत गणराज्य के
Emblem of Govt of India
Government of India|
Prime Minister's Office
The Honourable (Formal) |
His Excellency (diplomatic)
Planning Commission (Now NITI Aayog)
National Integration Council
Parliament of India
Parliament of India|
President of India
|Residence||7 Race Course Road|
|Seat||South Block, New Delhi, India|
President of India|
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Lok Sabha
At Lok Sabha's pleasure|
Lok Sabha term is 5 years unless dissolved sooner
No term limits specified
|Inaugural holder||Jawaharlal Nehru|
|Formation||15 August 1947|
|Website||Prime Minister's Office|
The Prime Minister of India, as addressed to in the Constitution of India, is the chief of government, chief adviser to the President of India, head of the Council of Ministers and the leader of the majority party in the parliament. The prime minister leads the executive branch of the Government of India. The incumbent Prime Minister of India is Narendra Modi of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
The prime minister is the senior member of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. The prime minister selects and can dismiss other members of the cabinet; allocates posts to members within the Government; is the presiding member and chairman of the cabinet and is responsible for bringing proposal of legislation. The resignation or death of the prime minister dissolves the cabinet.
The prime minister is appointed by the president to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive.
Origins and history
India follows a Parliamentary system of government. In parliamentary systems fashioned after the Westminster system, the prime minister is the presiding and actual head of the government and head of the executive branch. In such systems, the head of state or the head of state's official representative (i.e., the monarch or president or governor-general) usually holds a purely ceremonial position.
The prime minister is expected to become a member of parliament within six months of beginning their tenure, if they are not a member already. They are expected to work with other ministers to ensure the passage of bills through the legislature.
Constitutional framework and position of prime minister
The Constitution envisages a scheme of affairs in which the President of India is the head of the executive in terms of Article 53 with office of the prime minister as heading the Council of Ministers to assist and advise the president in the discharge of the executive power. To quote, Article 53 and 75 provide as under;
The executive powers of the Union shall be vested in the president and shall be exercised either directly or through subordinate officers, in accordance with the Constitution.— Article 53(1), Constitution of India
There shall be a Council of Ministers with the prime minister at the head to aid and advise the president who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice.Like most parliamentary democracies, a head of State's duties are mostly ceremonial. The Prime Minister of India is the head of government and has the responsibility for executive power. With India following a parliamentary system of government the prime minister is generally the leader of a party (or coalition of parties) that has a majority in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. The prime minister, in common with all other ministers at Central & state level, either has to be a current member of one of the houses of Parliament, or be elected within six months of being appointed.— Article 74(1), Constitution of India
Role and power of the prime minister
|Salary in Oct 2009||Salary in Oct 2010||Salary in Jul 2012|
|₹100000 (US$1,600)||₹135000 (US$2,100)||₹160000 (US$2,500)|
Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Portal/images/i' not found.
- Air transports of heads of state and government
- Official state car
- Presidents of India
- List of Prime Ministers of India
- Deputy Prime Minister of India
- List of Prime Ministers of India by longevity
- Prime Minister's Office
- Section 75(5) of the Constitution of India
- "Prime Minister and the Cabinet Ministers". pmindia.nic.in. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
- "Ministers of State (Independent Charge)". pmindia.nic.in. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
- "Ministers of State (without Independent Charge)". pmindia.nic.in. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
- "(Allocation of Business) Rules 1961". cabsec.nic.in. Archived from the original on 30 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
- "Cabinet Secretariat,Govt.of India". cabsec.gov.in. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
- "PM's answers to Parliamentary Questions". pmindia.nic.in. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
- "Recent Visit of the Prime Minister". pmindia.nic.in. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
- "Recent National Messages of the PM". pmindia.nic.in. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
- Basu, Durga D. (2009). "11". Introduction to the Constitution of India. Nagpur, India: LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. p. 199. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9.
- The Constitution of India, Article 75-6
- "A Raise for Prime Minister Manmohan Singh?". Wall Street Journal. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- "Leaders of the fee world: How much a country's leader is paid compared to GDP per person". The Economist. 5 July 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- "Pay & Allowances of the Prime Minister" (PDF). pmindia.nic.in/. Retrieved 14 June 2013.