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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Provinces of Iran

Provinces of Iran

Iranian Provinces
استان های ایران (Persian)
Also known as:
Province
مقاطعة

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Category Unitary state
Location Islamic Republic of Iran
Number 26 Provinces
Populations 557,599 (Ilam Province) – 12,183,391 (Tehran)
Areas Script error: No such module "convert". (Alborz) – Script error: No such module "convert". (Sistan and Baluchestan)
Government Provincal Government, National Government
Subdivisions Counties
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Iran is subdivided into thirty one provinces (Persian: استانOstān, plural استان‌ها Ostānhā), each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian: Markaz) of that province. The provincial authority is headed by a Governor-General[1] (Persian: Ostāndār), who is appointed by the Minister of the Interior subject to approval of the cabinet.

Modern history

File:Persia 1814.jpg
1814 Thomson Map of the administrative divisions of Persia

According to the Encyclopædia Britannica,[2] in 1908 there were thirty-five administrative divisions in Persia, as follows:

Provinces
  1. Arabistan and Bakhtiari
  2. Astarabad and Gurgan
  3. Azerbaijan
  4. Fars
  5. Gerrus
  6. Gilan and Talish
  7. Hamada[n]
  8. Irak, Gulpaigan, Khunsar, [Kezzaz, Ferakan, and Tusirkhan]
  9. Isfahan
  10. Kashan
  11. Kazvin
  12. Kerman and Baluchistan
  13. Kermanshah
  14. Kamseh
  15. Khar
  16. Khorasan
  17. Kum
  18. Kurdistan
  19. Luristan and Burujird
  20. Mazandaran
  21. Nehavend, Malayir and Kamereh
  22. Savah
  23. Samnan and Damghan
  24. Shahrud and Bostam
  25. Teheran
  26. Zerend and Bagdadi Shahsevens
Dependencies
  1. Asadabad
  2. Demavend
  3. Firuzkuh
  4. Josehekan
  5. Kangaver
  6. Natanz
  7. []
  8. Tarom Ulia
  9. Kharakan

Until 1950, Iran was divided into twelve provinces: Ardalan, Azerbaijan, Baluchestan, Fars, Gilan, Araq-e Ajam, Khorasan, Khuzestan, Kerman, Larestan, Lorestan, and Mazandaran.[3]

In 1950, Iran was reorganized to form ten numbered provinces with subordinate governorates: Gilan; Mazandaran; East Azerbaijan; West Azerbaijan; Kermanshah; Khuzestan; Fars; Kerman; Khorasan; Isfahan.[3]

From 1960 to 1981 the governorates were raised to provincial status one by one. Since then several new provinces have been created, most recently in 2004 when the province of Khorasan was split into three new provinces[4] as well as splitting of the new Alborz Province from Teheran province in 2010.

Information

Current provinces

</td>
Province Capital Area[5] Population[6] Density
(population/km²)
Shahrestans (counties) Notes Map
Alborz Karaj Script error: No such module "convert". 2,412,513 Script error: No such module "convert". 4 Until 23 June 2010, Alborz was part of Tehran province. 80px
Ardabil Ardabil Script error: No such module "convert". 1,248,488 Script error: No such module "convert". 9 Until 1993, Ardabil was part of East Azerbaijan province.[7] 80px
Azerbaijan, East Tabriz Script error: No such module "convert". 3,724,620 Script error: No such module "convert". 19 80px
Azerbaijan, West Urmia Script error: No such module "convert". 3,080,576 Script error: No such module "convert". 14 During the Pahlavi Dynasty Urmia was known as Rezaiyeh.[8] 80px
Bushehr Bushehr Script error: No such module "convert". 1,032,949 Script error: No such module "convert". 9 Originally part of Fars province. Until 1977, the province was known as Khalij-e Fars (Persian Gulf).[3] 80px
Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Shahrekord Script error: No such module "convert". 895,263 Script error: No such module "convert". 6 Until 1973 was part of Isfahan province.[9] 80px
Fars Shiraz Script error: No such module "convert". 4,596,658 Script error: No such module "convert". 23 80px
Gilan Rasht Script error: No such module "convert". 2,480,874 Script error: No such module "convert". 16 80px
Golestan Gorgan Script error: No such module "convert". 1,777,014 Script error: No such module "convert". 11 On the 31 May 1997, the shahrestans of Aliabad, Gonbad-e-kavus, Gorgan, Kordkuy, Minudasht, and Torkaman were separated from Mazandaran province to form Golestan province. Gorgan was called Esteraba or Astarabad until 1937.[3] 80px
Hamadan Hamadan Script error: No such module "convert". 1,758,268 Script error: No such module "convert". 8 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[3] 80px
Hormozgān Bandar Abbas Script error: No such module "convert". 1,578,183 Script error: No such module "convert". 11 Originally part of Kerman province.[3] Until 1977, the province was known as Banader va Jazayer-e Bahr-e Oman (Ports and Islands of the Sea of Oman).[3] 80px
Ilam Ilam Script error: No such module "convert". 557,599 Script error: No such module "convert". 7 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[3] 80px
Isfahan Isfahan Script error: No such module "convert". 4,879,312 Script error: No such module "convert". 21 In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[3] 80px
Kerman Kerman Script error: No such module "convert". 2,938,988 Script error: No such module "convert". 14 80px
Kermanshah Kermanshah Script error: No such module "convert". 1,945,227 Script error: No such module "convert". 13 Between 1950 and 1979, both Kermanshah province and city were known as Kermanshahan and between 1979 and 1995 were known as Bakhtaran.[3] 80px
Khorasan, North Bojnourd Script error: No such module "convert". 867,727 Script error: No such module "convert". 6 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[4] 80px
Khorasan, Razavi Mashhad Script error: No such module "convert". 5,994,402 Script error: No such module "convert". 29 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[4] 80px
Khorasan, South Birjand Script error: No such module "convert". 662,534 Script error: No such module "convert". 8 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[4] 80px
Khuzestan Ahvaz Script error: No such module "convert". 4,345,607 Script error: No such module "convert". 18 80px
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Yasuj Script error: No such module "convert". 658,629 Script error: No such module "convert". 5 Originally part of Khuzestan province. Until 1990, the province was known as Bovir Ahmadi and Kohkiluyeh.[3] 80px
Kurdistan Sanandaj Script error: No such module "convert". 1,493,645 Script error: No such module "convert". 9 Originally part of Gilan province.[3] 80px
Lorestan Khorramabad Script error: No such module "convert". 1,754,243 Script error: No such module "convert". 9 Originally part of Khuzestan province.[3] 80px
Markazi Arak Script error: No such module "convert". 1,413,959 Script error: No such module "convert". 10 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[3] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[3] 80px
Mazandaran Sari Script error: No such module "convert". 3,073,943 Script error: No such module "convert". 15 80px
Qazvin Qazvin Script error: No such module "convert". 1,201,565 Script error: No such module "convert". 5 On 31 December 1996, the shahrestans of Qazvin and Takestan were separated from Zanjan province to form the province of Qazvin.[3] 80px
Qom Qom Script error: No such module "convert". 1,151,672 Script error: No such module "convert". 1 Until 1995, Qom was a shahrestan of Tehran province.[3] 80px
Semnan Semnan Script error: No such module "convert". 631,218 Script error: No such module "convert". 4 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[3] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[3] 80px
Sistan and Baluchestan Zahedan Script error: No such module "convert". 2,534,327 Script error: No such module "convert". 8 Until 1986, the province was known as Baluchestan and Sistan.[3] 80px
Tehran Tehran Script error: No such module "convert". 12,183,391 Script error: No such module "convert". 13 Until 1986, Tehran was part of Markazi province. 80px
Yazd Yazd Script error: No such module "convert". 1,074,428 Script error: No such module "convert". 10 Originally part of Isfahan province.[9] In 1986, part of Kerman province was transferred to Yazd province. In 2002, Tabas shahrestan (area: 55,344 km²) was transferred from Khorasan province to Yazd.[3] 80px
Zanjan Zanjan Script error: No such module "convert". 1,015,734 Script error: No such module "convert". 7 Originally part of Gilan province. In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[3] 80px
Iran (Total) Tehran Script error: No such module "convert". 75,149,669 Script error: No such module "convert". 342 80px

See also

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References and notes

  1. ^ IRNA, Online Edition. "Paris for further cultural cooperation with Iran". Retrieved 2007-10-21. 
  2. ^ Persia entry in Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Gwillim Law, Statoids website. "Provinces of Iran". Retrieved 2006-04-30. 
  4. ^ a b c d Online edition, Al-Jazeera Satellite Network. "Iran breaks up largest province". Retrieved 2006-04-30. 
  5. ^ Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. "General Characteristics of Ostans according to their administrative divisions at the end of 1383 (2005 CE)". Retrieved 2006-04-30. [dead link]
  6. ^ Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. "Selected Findings of the 2011 National Population and Housing Census, Table 13. Population by sex, residence status and province" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
  7. ^ Chamber Society, Iranian. "Ardabil Province". Retrieved 2008-07-23. 
  8. ^ "Urmia". Retrieved 2008-07-23. 
  9. ^ a b Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province, Ostandarie. "Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province". Retrieved 2008-07-23. 

External links

Official provincial websites