Adverts

Open Access Articles- Top Results for Provinces of South Africa

Provinces of South Africa

South African Provinces

Template:Image label begin Template:Image label small Template:Image label small Template:Image label small Template:Image label small Template:Image label small Template:Image label small Template:Image label small Template:Image label small Template:Image label small

Template:Image label end
Category Unitary state
Location Republic of South Africa
Number 9 Provinces
Populations 1,145,861 (Northern Cape) – 12,272,263 (Gauteng)
Areas Script error: No such module "convert". (Gauteng) – Script error: No such module "convert". (Northern Cape)
Government Provincial government, National government
Subdivisions Districts
<tr><td>125px</td></tr><tr><td style="border-bottom: #aaa 1px solid">This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Africa
</th></tr><tr><td style="padding:0 0.1em 0.4em"> </td>

</tr><tr><th style="padding:0.1em;padding-top:0;text-align:left;padding-bottom:0.5em;"> Government</th></tr><tr><td style="padding:0 0.1em 0.4em">

</td>

</tr><tr><td style="padding:0 0.1em 0.4em">

</td>

</tr><tr><td style="padding:0 0.1em 0.4em">

</td>

</tr><tr><td style="padding:0 0.1em 0.4em">

</td>

</tr><tr><td style="padding:0 0.1em 0.4em">

</td>

</tr><tr><th style="padding:0.1em;padding-top:0;text-align:left;padding-bottom:0.5em;"> Foreign relations</th></tr><tr><td style="padding:0 0.1em 0.4em">

</td>

</tr><tr><td style="padding:0.3em 0.4em 0.3em;font-weight:bold;border-top: 1px solid #aaa; border-bottom: 1px solid #aaa;">

</td></tr><tr><td style="text-align:right;font-size:115%;padding-top: 0.6em;"></td></tr></table>

South Africa is divided into nine provinces. On the eve of the 1994 general election, South Africa's former homelands, also known as Bantustans, were reintegrated and the four existing provinces were divided into nine. The twelfth, thirteenth and sixteenth amendments to the constitution changed the borders of seven of the provinces. The provinces are as follows:


History

File:Map of the provinces of South Africa 1910-1976 with English labels.svg
The provinces at the creation of the Union in 1910

The Union of South Africa was established in 1910 by combining four British colonies: the Cape Colony, the Natal Colony, the Transvaal Colony and the Orange River Colony. (The latter two were, before the Second Boer War, independent republics known as the South African Republic and the Orange Free State.) These colonies became the four original provinces of the Union: Cape Province, Transvaal Province, Natal Province and Orange Free State Province.

File:Bantustans in South Africa.svg
Provinces and homelands, as they were at the end of apartheid

Segregation of the black population started as early as 1913, with ownership of land by the black majority being restricted to certain areas totalling about 13% of the country. From the late 1950s, these areas were gradually consolidated into "homelands" or "bantustans," which served as the de jure national states of the black population during the apartheid era. In 1976, the homeland of Transkei was the first to accept independence from South Africa, and although this independence was never acknowledged by any other country, three other homelands

  1. REDIRECT Template:Spaced ndash
  • This is a redirect from a title that is fully protected from editing for any of several possible reasons. For more information follow the category link.
    • Please do not replace these redirected links with a link directly to the target page.Bophuthatswana (1977), Venda (1979) and Ciskei (1981)
  1. REDIRECT Template:Spaced ndash
  • This is a redirect from a title that is fully protected from editing for any of several possible reasons. For more information follow the category link.
    • Please do not replace these redirected links with a link directly to the target page.followed suit.

On 27 April 1994, the date of the first non-racial elections and of the adoption of the Interim Constitution, all of these provinces and homelands were dissolved, and nine new provinces were established.

Government

File:Johannesburg City Hall.jpg
Johannesburg City Hall, now the seat of the Gauteng Provincial Legislature

Each province is governed by a unicameral legislature; the size of the legislature is proportional to population, ranging from 30 members in the Northern Cape to 80 in KwaZulu-Natal. The legislatures are elected every five years by a system of party-list proportional representation; by convention, they are all elected on the same day, at the same time as the National Assembly election.[1]

The provincial legislature elects, from amongst its members, a Premier, who is the head of the executive. The Premier chooses an Executive Council consisting of between five and ten members of the legislature, which is the cabinet of the provincial government.[1] The Members of the Executive Council (MECs) are the provincial equivalent of ministers.

The powers of the provincial government are limited to specific topics listed in the national constitution. On some of these topics

  1. REDIRECT Template:Spaced ndash
  • This is a redirect from a title that is fully protected from editing for any of several possible reasons. For more information follow the category link.
    • Please do not replace these redirected links with a link directly to the target page.for example, agriculture, education, health and public housing
  1. REDIRECT Template:Spaced ndash
  • This is a redirect from a title that is fully protected from editing for any of several possible reasons. For more information follow the category link.
    • Please do not replace these redirected links with a link directly to the target page.the province's powers are shared with the national government, which can establish uniform standards and frameworks for the provincial governments to follow; on other topics the provincial government has exclusive power.[2]

The provinces do not have their own court systems, as the administration of justice is a responsibility purely of the national government.

Current Provinces

</td>
Province Capital Largest city Area [3] Population (2011) [4] Population density (2011) Human Devel. Index (2003) [5]
Eastern Cape Bhisho (Bisho) Port Elizabeth Script error: No such module "convert". 6,562,053 Script error: No such module "convert". 0.62
Free State Bloemfontein Bloemfontein Script error: No such module "convert". 2,745,590 Script error: No such module "convert". 0.67
Gauteng Johannesburg Johannesburg Script error: No such module "convert". 12,272,263 Script error: No such module "convert". 0.74
KwaZulu-Natal Pietermaritzburg Durban Script error: No such module "convert". 10,267,300 Script error: No such module "convert". 0.63
Limpopo Polokwane (Pietersburg) Polokwane Script error: No such module "convert". 5,404,868 Script error: No such module "convert". 0.59
Mpumalanga Mbombela (Nelspruit) Mbombela Script error: No such module "convert". 4,039,939 Script error: No such module "convert". 0.65
North West Mahikeng (Mafikeng) Rustenburg Script error: No such module "convert". 3,509,953 Script error: No such module "convert". 0.61
Northern Cape Kimberley Kimberley Script error: No such module "convert". 1,145,861 Script error: No such module "convert". 0.69
Western Cape Cape Town Cape Town Script error: No such module "convert". 5,822,734 Script error: No such module "convert". 0.77
Republic of South Africa Pretoria, Cape Town, Bloemfontein Johannesburg Script error: No such module "convert". 51,770,560 Script error: No such module "convert". 0.67

Footnotes:

† These statistics do not include the Prince Edward Islands (335 km2 or 129 sq. miles, with no permanent residents), which are South African territories in the sub-Antarctic Indian Ocean but part of the Western Cape for legal and electoral purposes.
‡ Pietermaritzburg and Ulundi were joint capitals of KwaZulu-Natal from 1994 to 2004.

Former Administrative divisions

Province Capital Peak population
Cape of Good Hope (1910-1994) Cape Town 6,125,335
Natal Province (1910-1994) Pietermaritzburg 2,430,753
Orange Free State (1910-1994) Bloemfontein 2,193,062
Transvaal Province (1910-1994) Pretoria 9,491,265
Homelands Capital Peak population
Bophuthatswana (1977-1994) † Mmabatho 1,478,950
Ciskei (1972-1994) † Bisho 677,920
Gazankulu (1971-1994) Giyani 954,771
KaNgwane (1981-1994) Louieville
Schoemansdal(de facto)
779,240
KwaNdebele (1981-1994) KwaMhlanga 404,246
KwaZulu (1981-1994) Nongoma(till 1980)
Ulundi(1980-1994)
3,400,000
Lebowa (1972-1994) Lebowakgomo 2,740,587
QwaQwa (1974-1994) Phuthaditjhaba 342,886
Transkei (1976-1994) † Mthatha 2,323,650
Venda (1979-1994) † Thohoyandou 558,797
Mandates Capital Peak population
South-West Africa Windhoek -

Footnotes:

† States that the Homeland was independent.

Flags of the Provinces of South Africa

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Provincial government". SouthAfrica.info. Retrieved 1 April 2011. 
  2. ^ 'Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996, "Chapter 6: Provinces". Sections 104 and 146.
  3. ^ Census 2011: Census in brief (PDF). Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. 2012. p. 9. ISBN 9780621413885. 
  4. ^ Census 2011: Census in brief (PDF). Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. 2012. p. 18. ISBN 9780621413885. 
  5. ^ Adelzadeh, Asghar et al. South Africa Human Development Report 2003 (PDF). Cape Town: Oxford University Press. p. 282. ISBN 978-0-19-578418-3. 

Lua error in Module:Navbar at line 23: Invalid title Template:If empty.