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Psalm 74

Psalm 74 (Greek numbering: 73) is part of the Biblical Book of Psalms. A community lament, it expresses the pleas of the Jewish community in the Babylonian captivity. It begins in verses 1-3 by imploring God to recall his people, and Mount Zion, and continues in verses 4-11 by describing the destruction of the Temple by Nebuchadnezzar. Verses 12-17 praise the might of God; the psalm ends (verses 18-23) by imposing the Lord to remember Israel and come to their aid.

Verses 13-14 particularly memorializes God's creation of the world in terms and details quite different from Genesis 1; here God contends with the "dragons in the waters", and crushes the "heads of Leviathan", who is then given as food to the wild beasts. This is similar to Canaanite creation myths, and is echoed in the text of Psalm 89:9-10.




  1. ^ The Artscroll Tehillim page 329
  2. ^ The Artscroll Tehillim page 329
  3. ^ The Complete Artscroll Machzor for Rosh Hashanah page 271