Pulmonology - Related Links
Open Access Articles- Top Results for Pulmonology
Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory MedicineUpdates in Interventional Pulmonology 2013
Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory MedicineA Rare Case of Heterotopic Calcification with a Pleurocutaneous Fistula 31 Years after Chest Wall Irradiation
Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory MedicineCongenital Lobar Emphysema in Adult Treated With Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Lobectomy
Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory MedicineA Rare Case of Persistent Pneumothorax in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer on Bevacizumab Therapy
Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory MedicineA Rare Case of Chylothorax Attributed to Metastatic Prostate Carcinoma
Schematic view of the human respiratory system with their parts and functions.
|Significant diseases||Asthma, Lung Cancer, Tuberculosis, Occupational lung disease|
|Significant tests</div></th>||Bronchoscopy, Sputum studies, Arterial blood gases</tr>|
|Specialist</th>||Respiratory physician, Pulmonologist</tr></table> Pulmonology is a medical specialty that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract. The term is derived from the Latin word pulmō, pulmōnis ("lung") and the Greek -λογία, -logia. Pulmonology is synonymous with pneumology (from the Greek πνεύμων ("lung") and -λογία, -logia), respirology and respiratory medicine. Pulmonology is known as chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to intensive care medicine. Pulmonology often involves managing patients who need life support and mechanical ventilation. Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and complicated chest infections.|
Physician performing a bronchoscopy.
In the United States, pulmonologists are physicians who, after receiving a medical degree (MD or DO), complete residency training in internal medicine, followed by at least two additional years of subspeciality fellowship training in pulmonology. After satisfactorily completing a fellowship in pulmonary medicine, the physician is permitted to take the board certification examination in pulmonary medicine. After passing this exam, the physician is then board certified as a pulmonologist. Most pulmonologists complete three years of combined subspecialty fellowship training in pulmonary medicine and critical care medicine.
In the United States, pediatric pulmonologists are physicians who, after receiving a medical degree (MD or DO), complete residency training in pediatrics, followed by at least three additional years of subspeciality fellowship training in pulmonology.
Pulmonologists are involved in both clinical and basic research of the respiratory system, ranging from the anatomy of the respiratory epithelium to the most effective treatment of pulmonary hypertension. Scientific research also takes place to look for causes and possible treatment in diseases such as pulmonary tuberculosis and lung cancer.
Journals of pulmonology
- American Association for Respiratory Care
- American College of Chest Physicians
- American Lung Association
- American Thoracic Society
- British Thoracic Society
- European Respiratory Society
History of pulmonology
One of the first major discoveries relevant to the field of pulmonology was the discovery of pulmonary circulation. Originally, it was thought that blood reaching the right side of the heart passed through small 'pores' in the septum into the left side to be oxygenated, as theorized by Galen; however, the discovery of pulmonary circulation disproves this theory, which had previously been accepted since the 2nd century. Thirteenth century anatomist and physiologist Ibn Al-Nafis accurately theorized that there was no 'direct' passage between the two sides (ventricles) of the heart. He believed that the blood must have passed through the pulmonary artery, through the lungs, and back into the heart to be pumped around the body. This is believed by many to be the first scientific description of pulmonary circulation.
Although pulmonary medicine only began to evolve as a medical specialty in the 1950s, William Welch and William Osler founded the 'parent' organization of the American Thoracic Society, the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. The care, treatment, and study of tuberculosis of the lung is recognised as a discipline in its own right, phthisiology. When the specialty did begin to evolve, several discoveries were being made linking the respiratory system and the measurement of arterial blood gases, attracting more and more physicians and researchers to the developing field.
- ACP: Pulmonology: Internal Medicine Subspecialty. Acponline.org. Retrieved on 2011-09-30.
- Luis M. Seijo & Daniel H. Sterman (2001). "Interventional Pulmonology". N. Engl. J. Med. 344 (10): 740–49. PMID 11236779. doi:10.1056/NEJM200103083441007.
- Sharif Kaf A-Ghazal (2002). "The discovery of the pulmonary circulation – who should get the credit: ibn Al-Nafis or William Harvey" (PDF). JISHIM 2: 46.
- History of the Division. Hopkinsmedicine.org. Retrieved on 2011-09-30.
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