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Open Access Articles- Top Results for Pulp and paper industry

Pulp and paper industry

File:InternationalPaper6413.jpg
International Paper is the world’s largest pulp and paper maker.

The pulp and paper industry comprises companies that use wood as raw material and produce pulp, paper, board and other cellulose-based products.

The industry is dominated by North American (United States and Canada), northern European (Finland, Sweden, and North-West Russia) and East Asian countries (such as East Siberian Russia, China, Japan, and South Korea). Australasia and Brazil also have significant pulp and paper enterprises. The United States had been the world's leading producer of paper until it was overtaken by China in 2009.[1]

The industry is criticized by environmental groups like the Natural Resources Defense Council for unsustainable deforestation and clearcutting of old-growth forest.[2] The industry trend is to expand globally to countries like Russia, China and Indonesia with low wages and low environmental oversight.[3] According to Greenpeace, farmers in Central America illegally rip up vast tracts of native forest for cattle and soybean production without any consequences,[4] and companies who buy timber from private land owners contribute to massive deforestation of the Amazon Rainforest.[5]

Considering that the pulp and paper industry is a practitioner of nanotechnology,[6] then it is easily the world's largest.[7]

List of main countries by production quantity

According to statistic data by RISI, main producing countries of paper and paperboard, not including pulp, in the world are as follows:[8]

Rank
2011
Country Production in 2011
(1,000 ton)
Share
2011
Rank
2010
Production in 2010
(1,000 ton)
1 23x15px China 99,300 24.9% 1 92,599
2 23x15px United States 75,083 18.8% 2 75,849
3 Template:Country data Japan 26,627 6.7% 3 27,288
4 23x15px Germany 22,698 5.7% 4 23,122
5 23x15px Canada 12,112 3.0% 5 12,787
6 Template:Country data South Korea 11,492 2.9% 8 11,120
7 23x15px Finland 11,329 2.8% 6 11,789
8 23x15px Sweden 11,298 2.8% 7 11,410
9 23x15px Brazil 10,159 2.5% 10 9,796
10 Template:Country data Indonesia 10,035 2.5% 9 9,951
  World Total 398,975 100.0%   394,244

List of main company groups by production quantity

The world's main paper and paperboard company groups are as follows. (Some figures are estimates.):[9]

Rank Company Group Country Production in 2015
(1,000 ton)
Rank by Sales
1 Asia Pulp and Paper Template:Country data Indonesia /
23x15px China
19,000 1
1 International Paper 23x15px United States 11,922 1
2 Stora Enso 23x15px Finland 10,812 3
3 UPM 23x15px Finland 9,914 7
4 Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget 23x15px Sweden 8,948 6
5 Smurfit Kappa Group 23x15px Ireland 7,650 9
6 Nippon Paper Template:Country data Japan 7,292 5
7 Nine Dragons Paper 23x15px China 7,280 31
8 Sappi 23x15px South Africa 6,900 11
9 Oji Paper Template:Country data Japan 6,861 4
10 Smurfit-Stone Container 23x15px United States 5,896 13
11 Abitibi Bowater 23x15px Canada 5,318 20
12 NewPage 23x15px United States 4,400 23
13 Norske Skog 23x15px Norway 3,998 30
14 Mondi 23x15px United Kingdom/
23x15px South Africa
3,697 10
15 Temple-Inland 23x15px United States 3,660 28
16 Lee & Man Paper 23x15px China 3,500 46
17 Domtar 23x15px Canada 3,482 15
18 Shandong Chenming Paper Holdings 23x15px China 3,350 35
19 Cascades 23x15px Canada 3,330 22
20 Siam Cement (SCC) 23x15px Thailand 3,191 51

List by net sales

2013

In 2013, the top 10 forest, paper and packaging products companies were:[10]

Rank Company Country 2007 Net Sales
(US$M)
2007 Net Income (Loss)
(US$M)
1 International Paper 23x15px USA 21,890 1,168
2 Stora Enso 23x15px Finland 18,322 (291)
3 Kimberly-Clark 23x15px USA 18,266 1,822
4 SCA 23x15px Sweden 15,675 1,056
5 jk 23x15px USA 13,949 462
6 UPM 23x15px Finland 13,748 111
7 Oji Paper Template:Country data Japan 10,439 146
8 Metsäliitto 23x15px Finland 10,507 (12)
9 Nippon Unipac Template:Country data Japan 9,990 195
10 Smurfit Kappa 23x15px Ireland 9,963 202

2008

In 2008, the top 10 forest, paper and packaging products companies were:[11]

Rank Company Country 2008 Net Sales
(US$M)
2008 Net Income (Loss)
(US$M)
1 International Paper 23x15px United States 24,829 (1,282)
2 Kimberly-Clark 23x15px United States 19,415 1,690
3 SCA 23x15px Sweden 16,965 857
4 Stora Enso 23x15px Finland 16,227 (991)
5 UPM 23x15px Finland 13,920 (263)
6 Oji Paper Template:Country data Japan 12,788 114
7 Nippon Unipac Template:Country data Japan 11,753 55
8 Smurfit Kappa 23x15px Ireland 10,390 (73)
9 Metsäliitto 23x15px Finland 9,335 (313)
10 Mondi Group 23x15px UK/23x15px South Africa 9,466 (310)

Leading manufacturers of capital equipment with over $1 billion in annual revenue for the pulp and paper industry include:

See also

References

  1. ^ De Sisti, Mike (12 December 2012). "China's Paper Operation". Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Paper Industry Laying Waste to North American Forests
  3. ^ A crumpling paper industry
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Brazil forms 'crisis cabinet' following unexpected deforestation surge
  6. ^ Pira International Ltd. Nanotechnology in Paper Production. iSmithers Rapra Publishing. ISBN 184735811X. 
  7. ^ Hubbe, M.A. (2006). "Does production of the world's highest-tonnage manufactured item often involve nanotechnology?". Nanotechnology Perceptions 2 (3): 263–265. ISSN 1660-6795. 
  8. ^ "Japan in the World (according to the figure in Annual Review of Global Pulp and Paper Statistics by RISI)" (in Japanese). Japan Paper Association. Retrieved Dec.17, 2011 and Nov.15, 2012.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  9. ^ "The PPI Top 100 - most companies in the black". RISI. Retrieved 2011-12-17. 
  10. ^ "Global Forest, Paper & Packaging Industry Survey: 2008 Edition – Survey of 2007 Results" (PDF). PricewaterhouseCoopers. p. 7. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  11. ^ "Global Forest, Paper & Packaging Industry Survey: 2009 Edition - Survey of 2008 Results" (PDF). PricewaterhouseCoopers. p. 12. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 

External links

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