View over castle|
View over castle
|Collegiate Church, Castle, and Old Town of Quedlinburg|
|Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List|
The market square of Quedlinburg.
|UNESCO region||Europe and North America|
|Inscription||1994 (18th Session)|
In 1697, Elector Frederick Augustus I of Saxony sold his rights to Quedlinburg to Elector Frederick III of Brandenburg for 240,000 thalers. Quedlinburg Abbey contested Brandenburg-Prussia's claims throughout the 18th century, however. The abbey was secularized in 1802 during the German Mediatisation, and Quedlinburg passed to the Kingdom of Prussia as part of the Principality of Quedlinburg Part of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia from 1807–13, it was included within the new Prussian Province of Saxony in 1815. In all this time, great ladies ruled Quedlinburg as abbesses without "taking the veil"; they were free to marry. The last of these great ladies was a Swedish princess, an early fighter for women's rights, Sofia Albertina.
During the Nazi regime, the memory of Henry I became a sort of cult, as Heinrich Himmler saw himself as the reincarnation of the "most German of all German" rulers. The collegiate church and castle were to be turned into a shrine for Nazi Germany. The Nazi Party tried to create a new religion. The cathedral was closed from 1938 and during the war. The local crematory was kept busy burning the victims of the Langenstein-Zwieberge concentration camp. Liberation in 1945 brought back the Protestant bishop and the church bells, and the Nazi-style eagle was taken down from the tower. Georg Ay was local party chief from 1931 until the end of the war.
During Quedlinburg's Communist era as part of the GDR (1949–1990), restoration specialists from Poland were called in during the 1980s to carry out repairs on the old architecture. As in all German cities, the Altstadt (old city) medieval sections are the most popular attractions of any town. Now Quedlinburg is a center of restoration of Fachwerk houses.
During the last months of World War II, the United States military occupied Quedlinburg. In the 1980s, upon the death of one of the US military men, the theft of medieval art from Quedlinburg came to light.
In the innermost parts of the town, a wide selection of half-timbered buildings from at least five different centuries are to be found (including a 14th-century structure, one of Germany's oldest), while around the outer fringes of the old town are wonderful examples of Jugendstil buildings, dating from the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Since December 1994, the old town of Quedlinburg and the castle mount with the collegiate church are listed as one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. Quedlinburg is one of the best-preserved medieval and renaissance towns in Europe, having escaped major damage in World War II.
The castle and the cathedral still tower above the city the way they dominated the town in early Middle Ages. The cathedral is a prime example of German Romanesque style. The Domschatz, the cathedral treasure containing ancient Christian religious artefacts and books, was stolen by an American soldier and finally brought back to Quedlinburg in 1993 and is again on display here.
The town is located north of the Harz mountains, about 123 m above sea level. The nearest mountains reach 181 m above sea level. The biggest part of the town is located in the western part of the Bode river bed. This river comes from the Harz mountains and flows into the river Saale and further into the river Elbe. The municipal area of Quedlinburg is 120.42 km²; before the incorporation of the two (previously independent) municipalities of Gernrode and Bad Suderode in January 2014 it was only 78.14 km².
Quedlinburg has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification) resulting from prevailing westerlies, blowing from the high-pressure area in the central Atlantic towards Scandinavia. Snowfall occurs almost every winter. January and February are the coldest months of the year, with an average temperature of 0.1 °C and 0.4 °C. July and August are the hottest months, with an average temperature of 17.8 °C (63 °F) and 17.2 °C. The average annual precipitation is close to 438 mm with rain occurring usually from May to September. This precipitation is one of the lowest in Germany, which has an annual average close to 700 mm. In August 2010, Quedlinburg was the driest place in Germany, with only 72,4 l/m2.
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This page is a soft redirect. Climate data for Quedlinburg
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This page is a soft redirect.Source #1: Deutscher Wetterdienst, Normalperiode 1961–1990
The nearest airports to Quedlinburg are Hannover, 120 km north-west, and Leipzig/Halle Airport, 90 km south-east. Much closer, but only served by a few airlines, is Magdeburg-Cochstedt. An airfield is located at Ballenstedt-Assmussstedt for general aviation.
In 2006, the Selke Valley branch of the Harz Narrow Gauge Railways was extended into Quedlinburg from Gernrode, giving access to the historic steam narrow-gauge railway, Alexisbad, and high Harz plateau.
Quedlinburg is connected by regional buses to the surrounding villages and small towns. Additionally, buses to Berlin are run by the company BerlinLinienBus.
Jordanus of Quedlinburg, a 14th-century preacher and monk, wrote texts about contemporary devoutness.
In the 18th century, Dorothea Erxleben was the first female medical doctor in Germany. Born in 1715, she was the first women to receive a full M.D. from a German university (University of Halle), with the help of Frederick the Great. Trained originally by her father, the town's physician, she had been practicing as a physician, but without the Masters degree, until she was accused of witchcraft. She demanded a chance to defend her knowledge. Officials debated for a year over whether a woman so often pregnant could practice medicine. They finally allowed her to take the exams – after the birth of her fourth child – and she passed with flying colors.
Quedlinburg is twinned with:
- 23x15px Aulnoye-Aymeries, France, since 1961
- 23x15px Herford, Germany, since 1991
- 23x15px Celle, Germany, since 1991
- 23x15px Hameln, Germany, since 1991
- 23x15px Hann. Münden, Germany, since 1991
- Unesco World heritage list
- Press release of the Deutsche Wetterdienst (pdf, German)
- "Deutscher Wetterdienst, Normalperiode 1961–1990" (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst.
- "Zoover data by DWD". December 2010.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt – Bevölkerung der Gemeinden nach Landkreisen; Stand: 31. Dez. 2009.
- Schiebinger, L. (1990): "The Anatomy of Difference: Race and Sex in Eighteenth-Century Science" p. 399, Eighteenth Century Studies 23(3) pp. 387–405
- Honan, William H. (1997). Treasure Hunt. A New York Times Reporter Tracks the Quedlinburg Hoard. New York: Fromm International Publishing Corporation. ISBN 0-88064-174-6.
- Kogelfranz, Siegfried; Willi A. Korte (1994). Quedlinburg – Texas and Back. Black Marketeering with Looted Art.
- The city's website Invalid language code.
- UNESCO page on Quedlinburg
- Pictures and information about timber frame homes in Quedlinburg Invalid language code.
- The Quedlinberg Art Affair
- around 3000 recent photos from Quedlinburg
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