Open Access Articles- Top Results for Ralph Houk

Ralph Houk

Ralph Houk
Catcher / Manager
Born: (1919-08-09)August 9, 1919
Lawrence, Kansas
Died: July 21, 2010(2010-07-21) (aged 90)
Winter Haven, Florida
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 26, 1947 for the New York Yankees
Last MLB appearance
May 1, 1954 for the New York Yankees
Career statistics
Batting average .272
Hits 43
Runs batted in 20
Games managed 3,157
Win–Loss record 1,619–1,531
Winning % .514

As player

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As manager

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Career highlights and awards

Ralph George Houk (August 9, 1919 – July 21, 2010), nicknamed The Major, was an American catcher, coach, manager, and front office executive in Major League Baseball. He is best known as the successor of Casey Stengel as manager of the New York Yankees in 1961–63, when his teams won three consecutive American League pennants and the 1961 and 1962 World Series championships.

Playing career

A native of Lawrence, Kansas, Houk was a catcher working his way through the Yankees' farm system when the U.S. entered World War II. He enlisted in the armed forces, became an Army Ranger, and rose to Major (the source of his Yankee nickname). He was a combat veteran of Bastogne and the Battle of the Bulge, and was awarded the Bronze Star, Purple Heart, and the Silver Star with oak leaf clusters.[1][2]

Returning to baseball after the war, Houk eventually reached the Major Leagues, serving as the Yankees' second- and third-string catcher behind Yogi Berra. A right-handed hitter, Houk played in only 91 games over eight seasons (1947–54), finishing with a batting average of .272. Although the Yankees participated in six World Series during that period, Houk had only two Series at bats (one in 1947, the other in 1952), batting .500.

Coaching career

During his last years as an active player, Houk also served as the Yankees' full-time bullpen coach, effectively beginning his managerial apprenticeship. He retired at the end of the 1954 season, and was immediately named manager of the Yanks' Triple-A affiliate, the Denver Bears of the American Association. Following three highly successful seasons at Denver, Houk returned to the Bronx as Stengel's first-base coach from 1958 to 1960. From late May through early June

  1. REDIRECT Template:Baseball year, Houk served as acting manager of the Yanks for 13 games while Stengel, 70, was sidelined by illness. (The team won 7 and lost 6.) Then, after the Yanks lost the 1960 World Series to the Pittsburgh Pirates—and with Houk one of the hottest managerial candidates in baseball—the Yankees "discharged" Stengel (to use Stengel's own words) and promoted Houk.

A player's manager

Houk was known as a "player's manager"—albeit one with a quick temper. Future Los Angeles Dodgers manager Tommy Lasorda briefly played for Houk at Denver and called Houk the best handler of men he ever played for, and modeled his managerial style on him.[3] The Kansas Sports Hall of Fame, of which Houk is a member, describes Houk as "rough, blunt and decisive" and his tantrums in arguments with umpires earned him 45 ejections as a manager in the majors. Houk is tied with Billy Martin for fourteenth place on baseball's "most ejected" list.[4]

The early 1960s Yankees responded to Houk's leadership; the 1961 team led by Roger Maris (61 home runs), Mickey Mantle (54 homers) and Whitey Ford (25 victories) won 109 games and beat the Cincinnati Reds in five games in the World Series. His

  1. REDIRECT Template:Baseball year club won 96 games, and were victorious over the San Francisco Giants in seven games in the Fall Classic. In
  2. REDIRECT Template:Baseball year, the Yanks won 104 games and rolled to the pennant, but were swept in four games by the Los Angeles Dodgers in the Series.

In the Yankees front office

Houk moved into the Yankees' front office as general manager on October 23, 1963,[5] replacing Roy Hamey, and Berra, at the end of his brilliant playing career, became the Yanks' new manager. Yogi would win the

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To succeed Berra, he then hired Johnny Keane, who had just resigned as manager of the champion Cardinals. Houk had admired Keane as a competitor in the American Association from almost a decade before and according to author David Halberstam, the Yankees had made overtures to Keane during the 1964 regular season about becoming their manager for 1965.[7] But the great postwar Yankee dynasty was aged and crumbling, the farm system had seriously deteriorated, and the Kansas City Athletics were no longer a reliable source for Major League talent. Keane, a longtime minor league manager, was better suited by temperament for managing young players than established and aging superstars, and his hiring was a failure. The team fell to sixth in

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Back to the bench

Second term with Yankees

Houk (eventually succeeded as general manager by Lee MacPhail) thus began a second, and far less successful, term as Yankee manager, finishing the 1966 season. Their talent and farm system both depleted, the Yankees finished in last place for the first time since

  1. REDIRECT Template:Baseball year. A long rebuilding process followed, including Bobby Richardson's retirement (Richardson's roommate, Tony Kubek, had retired because a bad back after the 1965 season) and the trading away of Maris, Elston Howard and Clete Boyer.

Houk would continue to manage the Yankees from 1967 until 1973. His best season was

  1. REDIRECT Template:Baseball year, when the Yanks won 93 games, but finished 15 games behind the eventual World Series champion Baltimore Orioles. He worked for George Steinbrenner for one season, in
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After the final game of 1973, he resigned as manager. While Steinbrenner's commanding style has led some to think the new owner influenced Houk's departure, he told Bill Madden of the New York Daily News it was the constant booing of Yankee fans that pushed him. Houk even said that Steinbrenner insisted he'd get some new players to restore the team's greatness. "And he did, bringing in Catfish and Reggie, " Houk told Madden in the sportswriter's book Pride of October. "That'll make you good in a hurry!" Apart from a brief stint with the Detroit Tigers' Class B affiliate in Augusta, Georgia; he had spent the first 35 years of his adult life on the Yankees' payroll.

Detroit Tigers

Not long after Houk left the Yankee organization, he became the manager of the rebuilding Tigers. His

  1. REDIRECT Template:Baseball year team lost 102 games, but the
  2. REDIRECT Template:Baseball year Tigers improved their record by 14 games behind the heroics of rookie pitcher Mark Fidrych, who won 19 games while becoming a national sensation. By
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Boston Red Sox

Since the late 1950s, Houk and the Boston Red Sox had flirted over their manager's job. After two years of retirement, in the autumn of

  1. REDIRECT Template:Baseball year, Houk, now 61, was ready to get back into baseball. When the Red Sox called about their open managerial post (they had fired Don Zimmer), he jumped at the chance.

Although not as daunting as his Detroit assignment, Houk faced another rebuilding job: the powerful Boston team of the 1970s was about to lose marquee players such as Carlton Fisk and Fred Lynn and needed to retool its roster. But Houk rose to the challenge, and in four seasons produced three over-.500 teams. On his watch, Boston broke in young players Wade Boggs, Roger Clemens, Bruce Hurst and Marty Barrett. When Houk retired from managing permanently in October

  1. REDIRECT Template:Baseball year, just after his 65th birthday, he bequeathed the core of another pennant winning ballclub (in this case, the 1986 Red Sox) to his successor, John McNamara.

His final record, over 20 years with the Yankees (1961–63, 1966–73), Tigers (1974–78) and Red Sox (1981–84) was 1,619 wins and 1,531 losses (.514), plus eight wins and eight losses in the World Series. After his first three championship seasons, he never appeared in the postseason.

Late career

Houk served with the Minnesota Twins as a special assistant to general manager Andy MacPhail, Lee's son, from 1987 to 1989 before retiring from the game for good.[5] He thus enjoyed one additional world championship season, when the Twins defeated the Cardinals in the 1987 World Series.

Colorful opinions about Houk can be found in Jim Bouton's classic 1970 memoir, Ball Four. Houk was Bouton's first big league manager and sparred with him over contracts when Houk was the Yankees' GM.

Houk was portrayed by Bruce McGill in the 2001 film 61*.

He died on July 21, 2010 in Winter Haven, Florida, just nineteen days before he would have turned 91. At age 90 he was, at the time, the oldest living manager of a World Series-winning, pennant-winning or post-season team. He was survived by a daughter, Donna; a son, Robert; four grandchildren and 10 great-grandchildren.

On July 22 the Yankees announced players and coaches would wear a black armband in Houk's memory on the left sleeve of their home and away uniforms for the remainder of the 2010 season.[8]

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  1. ^ Anderson, Dave (July 25, 2010). "Lucky to Be Yankee and Lucky to Be Alive". New York Times. 
  2. ^ Goldstein, Richard (July 22, 2010). "Ralph Houk, Yankees Manager, Dies at 90". New York Times. 
  3. ^ Lasorda, Tom; Plaschke, Bill (2007). I Live for This: Baseball's Last True Believer. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Co. pp. 84–85. 
  4. ^ Stark, Jayson (June 14, 2007). "Cox's favorite tune: Take me out of the ballgame!". 
  5. ^ a b "Ralph Houk (front office history)—Baseball America Executive Database". 
  6. ^ Reichler, Joe (February 28, 1965). "Notes: His biggest mistake was Yogi, Houk says". Associated Press. The Tuscaloosa News. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ Halberstam, David (1994). October 1964. New York: Random House. 
  8. ^ Craig, Marc (July 22, 2010). "Yankees plan to honor late manager Ralph Houk". Newark Star-Ledger. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 

External links

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