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Raltitrexed

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Raltitrexed
File:Raltitrexed.svg
File:Raltitrexed ball-and-stick.png
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N-[(5-{methyl[(2-methyl-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinazolin-6-yl)methyl]amino}-2-thienyl)carbonyl]-L-glutamic acid
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.com Micromedex Detailed Consumer Information
Intravenous
Identifiers
112887-68-0 7pxY
L01BA03
PubChem CID 104758
DrugBank DB00293 7pxY
ChemSpider 94568 7pxY
UNII FCB9EGG971 7pxY
KEGG D01064 7pxY
ChEMBL CHEMBL225071 7pxY
PDB ligand ID D16 (PDBe, RCSB PDB)
Chemical data
Formula C21H22N4O6S
458.489 g/mol
 14pxY (what is this?)  (verify)

Raltitrexed (Tomudex, TDX, ZD 1694) is an antimetabolite drug used in cancer chemotherapy. It is an inhibitor of thymidylate synthase, and is manufactured by AstraZeneca.[1]

Uses

Used in treatment of colorectal cancer since 1998. It may also be used in the treatment of malignant mesothelioma.[2]

Mechanism of action

Raltitrexed is chemically similar to folic acid and is in the class of chemotherapy drugs called folate antimetabolites, which inhibit one or more of three enzymes that use folate and derivatives as substrates: DHFR, GARFT and thymidylate synthase. Raltitrexed is fully active after polyglutamylation, which allows cellular retention of the drug.

By inhibiting Thymidylate synthase (TS), thus formation of precursor pyrimidine nucleotides, raltitrexed prevents the formation of DNA and RNA, which are required for the growth and survival of both normal cells and cancer cells.

Inhibition of L1210 cell growth in culture IC50 = 9 nM, is one of the strongest antimetabolites in use.

Structure and phase I clinical trial of the precursor drug, CB3717, was described in 1986.[3]

References

  1. ^ Widemann BC, Balis FM, Godwin KS, McCully C, Adamson PC (1999). "The plasma pharmacokinetics and cerebrospinal fluid penetration of the thymidylate synthase inhibitor raltitrexed (Tomudex) in a nonhuman primate model". Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol. 44 (6): 439–43. PMID 10550563. doi:10.1007/s002800051116. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Calvert AH, Alison DL, Harland SJ et al. (August 1986). "A phase I evaluation of the quinazoline antifolate thymidylate synthase inhibitor, N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid, CB3717". J. Clin. Oncol. 4 (8): 1245–52. PMID 3734849.