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Rempeyek

Rempeyek
250px
Peanut rempeyek
Alternative names Peyek
Type Cracker
Place of origin Java[1] Indonesia
Region or state Nationwide in Indonesia and Malaysia[2]
Main ingredients Rice flour, peanuts, dried anchovies or shrimp, coconut milk
Variations Peyek bayam
16x16px Cookbook:Rempeyek  16x16px Rempeyek

Rempeyek or peyek is a deep-fried savoury Javanese cracker[1][3] made from flour (usually rice flour) with other ingredients bound or coated by crispy flour batter. The most common types of rempeyek are peyek kacang or peanuts granules peyek,[4] however other ingredients might also used, such as teri (dried anchovies), rebon (small shrimp) or ebi (dried shrimp). Today rempeyek is commonly found in Indonesia and Malaysia.

Coconut milk, salt and spices such as ground candlenut and coriander are often mixed within the flour batter. Some recipes might also add a chopped citrus leaf to add the fresh aroma and taste to it. The spiced batter mixed or sprinkled with granules ingredient are deep fried in ample of hot coconut oil. The flour batter acted as binding agent for granules (peanuts, anchovy, shrimp, etc.) hardened upon frying and turn into golden brown and crispy cracker.

In Indonesia, rempeyek making is traditionally a small scale home industry, yet today some rempeyek producers has reach larger production scale and distributed widely with a rempeyek brand trading value reaching 25 million rupiah (around US$ 2,100) monthly.[5] In Malaysia today, rempeyek is widely made using machine.[2]

Rempeyek can also be found in Suriname. The group of javanese immigrants who left Java to live in Suriname kept most of their traditions.

Etymology and origin

Rempeyek or derived from Javanese term peyek as the sounds of breaking cracker to denote its crispiness. In Indonesia rempeyek is often associated with Javanese cuisine[1][3] served to accompany pecel (vegetables in peanut sauce), to accompany any meal or served as snack.[5] Today it is commonly known throughout Indonesia and popular in Malaysia, following the migration of Javanese Indonesian workers.

Variants

File:Rempeyek udang restoran Padang.JPG
Rempeyek udang, shrimp rempeyek in a Padang restaurant.
File:Rempeyek kacang.JPG
A box of Indonesian peanut rempeyek.
File:Rempeyek with Peanuts and Anchovies.JPG
A small pack of Malaysian Rempeyek with peanuts and anchovies.

The most common and widely distribute type of rempeyek is rempeyek kacang (peanuts granules rempeyek), however anchovies, small shrimp, dried shrimps, and other types of beans such as mung beans and soybeans are commonly found. In Java rempeyek kacang is common in Banyumas region, Central Java, while rempeyek rebon (small shrimp) is commonly associated with the port town of Cirebon. The larger shrimp rempeyek commonly found in Padang restaurant.

Rempeyek can also be made with spinach, which known as peyek bayam. To make this, the spinach leaf is dip to the batter and deep fried. A big spinach leaf is required to make a nice peyek bayam. The crackers are shaped and cooked in a wok or pan of hot oil.[6]

In popular culture

A popular Javanese song "Iwak Peyek" sung by Trio Macan, a female dangdut group, describing peyek or rempeyek as commoners' simple side dish eaten with peeled corn. The song actually was the rallying song of Persebaya football club supporters from Surabaya, East Java.[7]

External links

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Resep Masakan Rempeyek Kacang (Jawa Tengah)". Kitab Masakan. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Quality of machine-produced peanut crisps (rempeyek)" (PDF). Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Yohan Handoyo. "Christmas Crackers". Jakarta Java kini. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  4. Brissenden, Rosemary (2007). Southeast Asian Food, Classic and modern dishes from Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. Periplus. p. 163. ISBN 0794604889. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 M Agus Fauzul Hakim (10 February 2012). "Ada "Rempeyek Transmigrasi" di Kediri" (in Indonesian). Kompas.com. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  6. "Neighbours get cracking to make ‘rempeyek’". The Star (Malaysia). 29 August 2009. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  7. Kukuh S. Wibowo. "Curhat Pencipta Iwak Peyek: Lagu itu Tercipta Saat Lapar" (in Indonesian). Tempo.co. Retrieved 13 July 2014.