Renault 5 Turbo
|Renault 5 Turbo|
|File:Nationale oldtimerdag Zandvoort 2010, 1981 RENAULT 5 TURBO, JH-VZ-86 pic2.JPG|
Dieppe, France (Alpine)|
Haren-Vilvoorde, Belgium (RIB)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
|Engine||1397 cc Cléon turbo I4|
|Wheelbase||Script error: No such module "convert".|
|Length||Script error: No such module "convert".|
|Width||Script error: No such module "convert".|
|Height||Script error: No such module "convert".|
|Curb weight||Script error: No such module "convert".|
|Successor||Renault Clio V6 Renault Sport|
The Renault 5 Turbo or R5 Turbo is a high-performance hatchback automobile launched by the French manufacturer Renault at the Brussels Motor Show in January 1980. The car was primarily designed for rallying, but was also sold in a street version. A total of 3576 R5 Turbos were manufactured during a four-year production run.
In response to Lancia's rallying success with the mid-engined Stratos, Renault's Jean Terramorsi, vice-president of production, asked Bertone’s Marc Deschamps to design a new sports version of the Renault 5 Alpine supermini. The distinctive new rear bodywork was styled by Marcello Gandini at Bertone.
Although the standard Renault 5 has a front-mounted engine, the 5 Turbo featured a mid-mounted 1397 cc Cléon turbocharged engine placed behind the driver in mid-body in a modified Renault 5 chassis. In standard form, the engine developed Script error: No such module "convert". and Script error: No such module "convert". torque.
Though it used a modified body from a standard Renault 5, and was badged a Renault 5, the mechanicals were radically different, the most obvious difference being rear-wheel drive and rear-mid-engined instead of the normal version's front-wheel drive and front-mounted engine. At the time of its launch it was the most powerful production French car. The first 400 production 5 Turbos were made to comply with Group 4 homologation to allow the car to compete in international rallies, and were manufactured at the Alpine factory in Dieppe.
Renault 5 Turbo 2
Once the homologation models were produced, a second version named Turbo 2 was introduced using more stock Renault 5 parts replacing many of light alloy components in the original 5 Turbo version. The Turbo 2 was less expensive, but had nearly the same levels of performance, top speed of Script error: No such module "convert". and 0–100 km/h in 6.9 seconds. To differentiate it from the Turbo 2, the original 5 Turbo is often referred to retronomously as "Turbo 1".
All the motorsport derivatives were based on the Turbo 1. The factory pushed the engine output up to Script error: No such module "convert". for the Critérium des Cévennes, Script error: No such module "convert". for the Tour de Corse, and by 1984 as much as Script error: No such module "convert". in the R5 Maxi Turbo.
Driven by Jean Ragnotti in 1981, the 5 Turbo won the Monte Carlo Rally on its first outing in the World Rally Championship. The 2WD R5 turbo soon faced the competition of new Group B four-wheel drive cars that proved faster on dirt.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|No. Event Season Driver Co-driver Car 1 23x15px 49ème Rallye Automobile de Monte-Carlo 1981 23x15px Jean Ragnotti 23x15px Jean-Marc Andrié Renault 5 Turbo 2 23x15px 26éme Tour de Corse 1982 23x15px Jean Ragnotti 23x15px Jean-Marc Andrié Renault 5 Turbo 3 23x15px 29ème Tour De Corse 1985 23x15px Jean Ragnotti 23x15px Jean-Marc Andrié Renault R5 Maxi Turbo 4 23x15px 20º Rallye de Portugal Vinho do Porto 1986 23x15px Joaquim Moutinho 23x15px Edgar Fortes Renault 5 Turbo
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- Evening Times (Scotland) December 7, 1979
- Car Catalogue International 1983, page 79
- "Independent 17 October 1998". Independent.co.uk. 1998-10-17. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Renault 5 Turbo.|
- Renault 5 Turbo 2 Invalid language code./Invalid language code./Invalid language code., retrieved on 1 August 2008