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In 2012, the inner population of the city was of 209,860 inhabitants, the Rennes metropolitan area (the intercommunal structure connecting Rennes with 43 nearby suburbs named Rennes Métropole) counted 420,707 inhabitants and the urban area counted 690,467 inhabitants.
The inhabitants of Rennes are called Rennais in French.
Rennes is classified as a city of art and history.
The historic centre is located on the former plan of the ramparts. There is a difference between the northern city centre and the southern city centre due to the 1720 fire, which destroyed most of the timber framed houses in the northern part of the city. The rebuilding was done in stone, on a grid plan. The southern part, the poorest at this time, was not rebuilt.
Colourful traditional half-timbered houses are situated primarily along the roads of Saint-Sauveur, Saint-Georges, de Saint-Malo, Saint-Guillaume, des Dames, du Chapitre, Vasselot, Saint-Michel, de la Psallette and around the plazas of Champ-Jacquet, des Lices, Saint-Anne and Rallier-du-Baty.
The Parlement de Bretagne and city hall area
The Parlement de Bretagne (Administrative and judicial centre of Brittany, Breton: Breujoù Breizh) is the most famous 17th century building in Rennes. It was rebuilt after a terrible fire in 1994 that may have been caused by a flare fired by a protester during a demonstration. It houses the Rennes Court of Appeal. The plaza around is built on the classical architecture.
On the west, the Place de la Mairie (City Hall Plaza, Plasenn Ti Kêr) :
- City Hall
On the east, at the end of the rue saint-Georges with traditional half-timbered houses :
- 1920s Saint George Municipal Pool, with mosaics
- Saint George Palace, and its garden
On the south-east :
- Saint-Germain square
- Saint-Germain Church
- Saint-Germain footbridge, 20th century wood and metal construction to link the plaza with Émile Zola Quay, across the Vilaine River.
- Rennes église Saint-Germain.jpg
- Rennes Opéra.JPG
Opera of Rennes
- Palais Saint-Georges, Rennes.jpg
- Mairie de Rennes.jpg
Rennes's city hall
The Place des Lices and Cathedral area
Near the Rennes Cathedral (cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Rennes) is the rue du Chapitre :
- Hôtel de Blossac
- There are 16th century polychrome wooden busts on the façade of 20, Rue du Chapitre.
On this era are the former St. Yves chapel, now the tourism office and a museum about the historical development of Rennes . and the Basilica Saint-Sauveur
- Marche des Lices mise en place 03.JPG
Place des Lices with the roof top of Les Halles Martenot seen in on the left, and the hôtels particuliers on the right.
- Bretagne Ille Rennes1 tango7174.jpg
Rue du Chapitre
- Hôtel de Blossac - Portail sur la rue du Chapitre - DSC 0811.JPG
Gate of the Hôtel de Blossac
- Rennes - Saint-Sauveur façade.jpg
Remains of the ramparts
Built from the 3rd to the 12th centuries, the ramparts were largely destroyed between the beginning of the 16th century and the 1860s.
- Rennes - Portes Mordelaises vues de l'extérieur des remparts - 20080706.jpg
The Portes mordelaises. The street crossing this gate comes from the place des Lices and ends at the cathedral
- Rennes remparts.jpg
- Rennes RallierduBaty.jpg
- Rennes remparts.svg
Map of the remaining ramparts in Rennes
The Place Saint-Anne area
Place Saint-Anne (Plasenn Santez-Anna)
- Saint-Aubin Church, built in the beginning of the 20th century
- Location of a former 14th century hospital
- Jacobite convent, the futur convention center (2018)
South-western, la rue Saint-Michel nicknamed Rue de La Soif (Road of Thirst) because there are bars all along this street.
South-eastern, the Champ-Jacquet square, with Renaissance buildings and a statue of mayor Jean Leperdit ripping up a conscription list.
- Place Saint Anne Rennes.JPG
- Angle sud-est du couvent de Bonne-Nouvelle, Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine.jpg
the Jacobite convent, vieved from the Place Saint-Anne
- Rue St Michel Rennes.JPG
- Place Champ Jacquet.JPG
Some medieval and Renaissance houses, such as these at Champ-Jacquet, can still be found in the centre of Rennes.
East : the Thabor park area
Area of Saint-Melaine square
- Notre-Dame-en-Saint-Melaine basilica,
- tower and transept from the 11th century Benedictine abbey of Saint-Melaine
- 14th century Gothic arcades
- 17th century colonnade
- bell tower topped with a gilded Virgin Mary (19th century)
- 17th century cloister
The 17th century promenade "la Motte à Madame", and a monumental stairway overlooking the rue de Paris entrance to the Thabor.
- Notre dame en saint-melaine DSC 4481.jpg
Notre-Dame-en-Saint-Melaine basilica, viewed from the parc du Thabor
- Portail du thabor.JPG
Main gate of the parc du Thabor
- Thabor entree rue paris.JPG
Rue de Paris Thabor entrance
South city centre
The south city centre is a mix of old buildings and 19th and 20th centuries constructions.
- Rennes Grande maison des Carmes escalier.JPG
Maison des Carmes
- Lycee Rennes DSC08932.JPG
- Rennes - Église Toussaints façade.jpg
- Palais du Commerce (Poste) Rennes.JPG
Palais du commerce
South of the Vilaine
The Fine Arts Museum is situated on Quai Émile Zola, by the Vilaine River.
Les Champs Libres is a building on Esplanade Charles de Gaulle, and was designed by the architect Christian de Portzamparc. It houses the Brittany Museum (Musée de Bretagne), the regional library Bibliothèque de Rennes Métropole with six floors, and the Espace des Sciences science centre with a planetarium.
At Place Honoré Commeurec is Les Halles Centrales, a covered market from 1922, with one part converted into contemporary art gallery.
The Mercure Hotel is located in a restored building on rue du Pré-Botté, which was the prior location of Ouest-Éclair, and then of Ouest-France, a premier daily regional newspaper.
There are large mills at Rue Duhamel, constructed on each side of the south branch of the Vilaine in 1895 and 1902.
There are two halls of the printer, Oberthür, built by Marthenot between 1870 and 1895 on Rue de Paris in the eastern part of the city. Oberthür Park is the second biggest garden in the city.
The 17th century manor of Haute-Chalais, a granite chateau, is situated to the south of the city in Blosne Quarter (Bréquigny).
Parks and gardens
- Gayeulles2013 Etang02.JPG
- Rennes Square de la Motte.JPG
Square of Motte.
- Thabor Dahlias.JPG
- Lac du parc Oberthür.jpg
- Palais Saint-Georges, Rennes.jpg
The Parc du Thabor contains a compact but significant botanical garden, the Jardin botanique du Thabor. The University of Rennes 1, with a campus in the city's eastern section, also contains a botanical garden and collections (the Jardin botanique de l'Université de Rennes).
Local economy include car manufacturing, telecommunications, agrofood and digital sector.
PSA Peugeot Citroën, currently the largest employer of the population of Rennes, opened a manufacturing plant at La Janais in Chartres-de-Bretagne in 1961. Technicolor (ex-Thomson) employs over 1,000, and Orange R&D (ex-France Telecom) over 1,200.
In few years, Rennes became one of the main centres in high technology industry and digital. The city hosts one of the first Technopoles established in France : Rennes Atalante witch employs over 20,000.
Rennes is the 2nd concentration of ITC firms in France after Paris (with well-known companies like Atos, SFR, Orange France Telecom, Envivio, Technicolor R&D, CapGemini, Delta Dore, Canon, Mitsubishi, Alcatel-Lucent, Texas Instruments, NXP, Sopra Group, Thales or Logica), and the 3rd innovation potential in agrofood French industry with lots of firms in this field, an agro campus and a big international and professional expo : the Space (every year in September).
Other large firms located in Rennes include the restaurant conglomerate Groupe Le Duff (owners of Brioche Dorée, Bruegger's, La Madeleine, Mimi's Cafe, Timothy's World Coffee) and the first French newspaper Ouest France.
Rennes is known to be one of the most festive cities of France. It invests heavily in arts and culture and a number of its festivals (such as the music festival Les Transmusicales, Les Tombées de la Nuit, Mythos, The Stunfest (a retro gaming festival) and Travelling (a cinematic festival)) are well known throughout France. Rennes is often cited as the French town of rock music.
Rennes is well equipped in musical facilities :
- The MusikHall, for large shows (near the airport). (7 000 seats)
- Le Liberté, dedicated to major cultural events and touring shows. (5 300 seats)
- La Cité, dedicated to contemporary musics & locals artists. (1 150 seats)
- L'Etage (Le Liberté), dedicated to contemporary musics & locals artists. (900 seats)
- Rennes's Opera House (650 seats) and National Theater of Brittany, TNB in French (Vilar room, 950 seats) for Brittany orchestra.
- The Ubu, an associative concert hall. (500 seats)
- L'Antipode MJC, which also an art center. (500 seats)
Museums and exhibitions places
There are also five museums in Rennes:
- Musée des Beaux Arts (Museum of Fine Arts of Rennes). This art museum hold many works by the sculptor Pierre Charles Lenoir
- Musée de Bretagne (Museum of Brittany) at the Champs Libres, together with the 'espace of sciences' and a planetarium.
- Museum of Farming and Rennes Countryside at la Bintinais, south of Rennes.
- Musée des Transmissions (Museum of Broadcasting) at Cesson-Sévigné, east of Rennes center.
- FRAC Bretagne Fond Régional d'Art contemporain (Regional Fund for Contemporary Art).
In addition to this list, there is art facilities, such as 40mcube exhibition space or the center for contemporary art La Criée.
There is also miscellaneous cultural places : the dance dedicated place the Triange, two "Art et Essai" - art house cinemas - movie theaters called l'Arvor and Cine TNB. Remark that the surrounding citys house many other cultural places.
Rennes was one of the first towns in France to have its own local television channel 'TV Rennes', created in 1987.
Rennes has also local radio stations (Hit West, Radio Campus, Canal B, Radio Caroline, Radio Rennes, Radio Laser) and local newspapers or magazines (Ouest-France, Le Mensuel de Rennes, Place Publique, 20 Minutes Rennes).
In Brittany, two regional languages are spoken: the Breton and the Gallo. In and around Rennes, Gallo was traditionally spoken as a local language, but Breton have always been spoken by regional migrants coming from the western part of the region.
The municipality launched a linguistic plan through Ya d'ar brezhoneg on 24 January 2008.
In 2008, 2.87% of primary-school children were enrolled in bilingual primary schools, and the number of children enrolled in these schools is steadily growing.
Specialties from Rennes include:
- Galette de blé noir
- Crêpe de Froment
Many other specialties of Brittany (seafood, milk, vegetables, cheese, meat ..) are exposed to the Marché des Lices, a weekly market every saturnay morning (one of the most important markets in France).
The Rennes agglomeration has a large student population (around 63,000).
The city has two main universities; Université de Rennes 1, which offers courses in science, technology, medicine, philosophy, law, management and economics and Université Rennes 2, which has courses in the arts, literature, languages, communication, human and social sciences, sport. The official website of Université Rennes 2 identifies that facility as "the largest research and higher learning institution in Arts, Literature, Languages, Social Sciences, and Humanities in the West of France."
There are a few École Supérieures in Rennes, like the École Normale Supérieure de Cachan (which has a branch on the Ker Lann campus, just outside Rennes), the Institut d'études politiques de Rennes, or the ESC Rennes School of Business.
There is also branches of École Supérieure d'Électricité – Supélec and Telecom Bretagne in the east of the city (Cesson-Sévigné), a campus of the École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies, and the grande école Institut National des Sciences Appliquées, which is next to the "École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes".
The computer science and applied mathematics research institute, IRISA, is located on the campus of the Université des Sciences, nearby Cesson-Sévigné. The Délégation Générale pour l'Armement (defense procurement agency) operates the CELAR research center, dedicated to electronics and computing, in Bruz, a neighboring town.
The city is also home to an American study abroad program for high school students, School Year Abroad, in which students are immersed in French culture through five classes in the language and a nine-month home stay.
- Rennes is home to Stade Rennais F.C., who play in Ligue 1 at Route de Lorient stadium (capacity of 31,000 seats).
- Rennes is home to Bretagne-Séché Environnement (UCI Team Code: BSE), a professional cycling team
Rennes has well-developed national road, rail and air links.
Local transport is based primarily on an extensive bus network (65 lines) and a metro line that was inaugurated in March 2002 and cost €500 million to build. The driverless Rennes Metro (VAL) is Script error: No such module "convert". in length and has 15 stations, including one designed by architect Norman Foster (La Poterie station). A second metro line is being planned, it should be operational by 2019, and the construction began in 2014.
Rennes provides other soft mode of local transport : a bike sharing system with 900 bicycles (named Vélostar). Rennes created the first system of modern French bike sharing (1998).
The city is an important hub of Brittany's motorway network and is surrounded by a bypass : the Rocade (national road 136). The construction of the bypass was started in 1968 and completed in 1999. It is 31 km (18.5 mi) long, it has 2 lanes each way (sometimes 3 lanes) and toll free. Many other expressways are connected to the Rennes ring road for local and regional service. By road, Saint-Malo can be reached in 45 minutes, Nantes in one hour, Brest in 2 hours, Paris in 3 hours, Bordeaux in 4 hours and Bruxelles in 6 hours.
Rennes is doted of a major French railway station, the Gare de Rennes, opened in 1857. It is now two hours by TGV high speed train from Paris (this will be reduced to one hour and 30 minutes from 2017, after extension of the High Speed Rail Line). Train service is available to other big cities in France such as Lyon, Marseille, Lille and Strasbourg. Rennes is also an important train station for regional transport in Brittany. The TER Bretagne provide links to Saint-Malo, Nantes, Redon, Vitré, Saint-Brieuc, Vannes, Laval, Brest and many other regional cities. It is served by Gares station on the VAL Rennes Metro.
Rennes is served by Rennes Brittany Airport (Saint-Jacques), located Script error: No such module "convert". from the centre to the south-west in the commune Saint-Jacques-de-la-Lande, and now operates daily flights to London Southend Airport with Flybe.
- Félix Dujardin (1801-1860), Professor and Dean, University of Rennes, famous parasitologist
- Charles Vanel (1892-1989), actor born in Rennes.
- Bertrand d'Argentré (1519–1590), jurist and historian, seneschal of Rennes in 1547 than head of the présidial court.
- Pierre Robiquet (1780–1840), chemist member of Académie des Sciences, discover of among others codein, asparagin and alizarin
- Georges Ernest Boulanger (1837–1891), general and politician born in Rennes.
- René Pleven (1901–1993), two times Presidents of the Council of Ministers, born in Rennes.
- Jacques Legrand (born 1946), mongologist
- Francois-Henri Pinault (born 1962), Chairman and CEO of PPR.
- Malika Ménard (born 1987), Miss France 2010
- Robin Guthrie (born 1962), musician
- Hélène Jégado (1803–1852), Serial poisoner executed in 1852
- Madeleine Desroseaux (1873-1939), poetess and novelist
Twin towns – sister cities
Rennes is twinned with:
(These twinned towns are inscribed on the bridge over the central canal of Rennes)
Pacts of cooperation
In Rennes is also the only Institut Franco-Américain in France.
The Opera of Rennes
- Palais Saint-Georges, Rennes, Aug 2010.jpg
- Historic downtown of Rennes, France.jpg
The Notre-Dame en Saint-Mélaine church
- Ouest France Rennes.jpg
The Ouest-France building
- Métro Sainte-Anne.jpg
- Rennes 28placedesLices-03.jpg
Windows of the Hôtel Racape de La Feuillée at Place des Lices
- Marche des Lices etals.JPG
Marché des Lices, a market on weekly basis for local producers at Place des Lices
-  INSEE.fr
- "VSO 15 – Armorica, Redones coinage (Rennes) – Mail Bid Sale". Cgb.fr. 1 March 2002. Retrieved 22 July 2009.
- Caesar, Gallic Wars II.34; VII.75
- Barthélemy-Amédée Pocquet du Haut-Jussé, "A Political Concept of Louis XI: Subjection instead of Vassalage," in The Recovery of France in the fifteenth century, ed. P.S. Lewis, trans. G. F. Martin (New York: Harper Row, 1972): 196-215, pp. 210.
- "Insee – Populations légales 2008 – 35238-Rennes". Insee.fr. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
- "French pedophilia trial casts unsettling light on women sex offenders." Agence France Presse at The Island. 14 March 2005. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
- "Données climatiques de la station de Rennes" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- "Climat France" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- "Normes et records 1961-1990: Rennes-St Jacques (35) - altitude 36m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- Invalid language code. L'état de la langue bretonne dans l'enseignement en Ille-et-Vilaine (State of the Breton language in education in Ille-et-Vilaine) from Ofis ar Brezhoneg
- Invalid language code. Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue
- "欧州の補習授業校一覧（平成25年4月15日現在）" (Archive). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Retrieved on May 10, 2014. "College Anne de Bretagne 15, rue de Martenot, 35000 RENNES"
- Invalid language code. Rennes.maville.com Le projet de nouvelle ligne du métro sur les rails
- "Rennes à 1h30 de Paris en 2014 – France – Toute l'actualité en France". France Info. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
- "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
- "Town twinning". Exeter City Council. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "City of Brno Foreign Relations - Statutory city of Brno" (in Czech). 2003 City of Brno. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- "Brno – Partnerská města" (in Czech). 2006–2009 City of Brno. Retrieved 17 July 2009.
- Mulcahy, Noreen. "Cork - International Relations". Cork City Council. Archived from the original on 2013-05-18. Retrieved 2013-08-28.
- "Poznań - Miasta partnerskie". 1998–2013 Urząd Miasta Poznania (in Polish). City of Poznań. Archived from the original on 2013-09-23. Retrieved 2013-12-11.
- "Poznań Official Website – Twin Towns". 10px (in Polish) 1998–2008 Urząd Miasta Poznania. Retrieved 29 November 2008.
- Published in the 19th century
- C.B. Black (1876), "Rennes", Guide to the North of France, Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black
- Published in the 20th century
- "Rennes", The Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1910, OCLC 14782424
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