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Retroflex lateral approximant

Retroflex lateral approximant
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IPA number 156
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Kirshenbaum l.
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The retroflex lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɭ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is l`.

The retroflex lateral approximant contrasts phonemically with its voiceless counterpart /ɭ̊/ in Iaai and Toda.[1] In both of these languages it also contrasts with more anterior /[[voiceless alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l̥]]
, [[alveolar lateral approximant#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.l]]
, which are dental in Iaai and alveolar in Toda.[1]


Features of the retroflex lateral approximant:


In the following transcriptions, diacritics may be used to distinguish between apical [ɭ̺] and laminal [ɭ̻].

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Enindhilyagwa marluwiya [maɭuwija] 'emu'
French Standard[2] belles jambes [bɛɭ ʒɑ̃bə] 'attractive legs' Allophone of /l/ before /ʒ, f/ for some speakers.[2] See French phonology
Kannada ಎಳ್ಳು [ˈeɭɭu] 'sesame' Represented by a
Khanty Eastern dialects пуӆ [puɭ] 'bit'
Some northern dialects
Malayalam മലയാളി About this sound [mɐl̪əjɐ̞ːɭ̺ɪ]  'Malayalam people' Represented by a . Apical. Never word-initial and long and short forms are contrastive word-medially[3]
Norwegian farlig [fɑːɭi] 'dangerous' Eastern and central dialects. See Norwegian phonology
Punjabi ਤ੍ਰੇਲ਼ [t̪ɾeɭ] 'dew' Represented by a ਲ਼. Mostly found in rural dialects
Swedish sorl About this sound [soːɭ]  'murmur' (noun) See Swedish phonology
Tamil[4] புளி [puɭi] 'tamarind' Represented by a ள். See Tamil phonology
Telugu నీళ్ళు [niːɭːu] 'water' Represented by a

See also


  1. ^ a b Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996), p. 198.
  2. ^ a b Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996), p. 192.
  3. ^ Jiang (2010), pp. 16–17.
  4. ^ Keane (2004), p. 111.