Rice vermicelli are a thin form of rice noodles. They are sometimes referred to as rice noodles, rice sticks, or bee hoon but they should not be confused with cellophane noodles, which is an Asian type of vermicelli not made from rice.
Presentation and varieties
Rice vermicelli are a part of several Asian cuisines, where they are often eaten as part of a soup dish, stir fry, or salad.
One particularly well known, slightly thicker variety, called Guilin mǐfěn (桂林米粉), comes from the southern Chinese city of Guilin, where it is a breakfast staple.
- Cantonese noodles: A large number of Cantonese dishes use this ingredient (called 米粉 maifun in Cantonese). Usually the noodles are simmered in broth with other ingredients such as fish balls, beef balls, and/or fish slices.
- In Fujian and Teochew cuisine, rice vermicelli is a commonly used noodle and is served either in soup, stir-fried and dressed with a sauce, or even 'dry' (without soup) with added ingredients and condiments.
India and Pakistan
- Sawaeyaa is a famous dish made from vermicelli cooked in milk sugar and dry nuts. It is eaten on Diwali, Eid, and other happy occasions in parts of India and Bangladesh.
- Paayasam is a famous South Indian sweet dish made from vermicelli, sago, sugar, spices and nuts and milk.
- Santhakai is a staple South Indian breakfast dish.
- Bihun goreng, a Chinese Indonesian cuisine, stir fried rice vermicelli with sweet soy sauce
- Bihun rebus or bihun kuah, also Chinese Indonesian cuisine rice vermicelli soup
- Lumpia and risoles, several types of spring rolls gorengan (fritters) use rice vermicelli and vegetables filling
- Sop oyong, Chinese okra vegetable soup with rice vermicelli
- Soto, various types of soto (traditional Indonesian soup) often add rice vermicelli in it, such as Soto ayam
- Tekwan, a surimi type fish ball soup related to pempek from South Sumatra, also add rice vermicelli, mushroom, jicama and sedap malam flower
In Malaysia, the rice vermicelli can be called and founded as Mihun, Mi hoon, Mee Hoon, Bihun, or Bee Hoon.
- Bihun Sup is a Malay style dish, mixed with spiced beef broth or chicken broth. Sometimes it came with sambal kicap (pounded bird's eye chilli mixed with dark soy sauce) as condiment.
- Bihun Kari mixed with curry, added with mung bean sprout, fried tofu and red chillies sambal.
- Bihun soto is in a yellow spicy chicken broth, served with chicken and potato cutlet.
- Hokkien mee throughout Malaysia varies considerably due to regional differences.
- Bihun Tom Yam is mixed with tom yam.
- Laksa Sarawak is mixed with a base of sambal belacan, sour tamarind, garlic, galangal, lemon grass and coconut milk, topped with omelette strips, chicken strips, prawns, fresh coriander and optionally lime. Ingredients such as bean sprouts, (sliced) fried tofu or other seafood are not traditional but are sometimes added.
- Mi Siam is a stir-fried style dish.
- Kerabu bee hoon is a Nyonya-style rice vermicelli dish, mixed with herbs and other seasonings.
- Hokkien mee, commonly in Singapore, consists of rice vermicelli mixed with yellow noodles and fried with shrimp, sliced cuttlefish and pork bits. Hokkien mee throughout Malaysia varies considerably due to regional differences.
- Satay bee hoon is rice vermicelli served with spicy peanut satay sauce, common in Singapore.
- Mohinga, in Myanmar, is rice vermicelli served with curry gravy and fish.
- Mont Di is rice vermicelli served with clear fish soup or as salad with fish flakes.
- Taiwanese fried rice vermicelli is the dry, stir-fried local style (particularly known in the Hsinchu region). Its main ingredients include sliced pork, dried shrimp, and carrots.
- A Hsinchu specialty is to serve rice vermicelli 'dry' 乾 (gan, not in a soup) with mushroom and ground pork.
- Bánh hỏi
- Bún riêu is rice vermicelli in soup with crab meat.
- Bún bò Huế is rice vermicelli in soup with beef from Huế.
- Bún thịt nướng is a Vietnamese dish consisting of grilled pork (often shredded) and vermicelli noodles over a bed of greens (salad and sliced cucumber), herbs and bean sprouts. Also, it often includes a few chopped egg rolls, spring onions, and shrimp. It is commonly served with roasted peanuts on top and a small bowl of nước chấm.
- Summer roll is rice vermicelli with shrimp and herbs in a rice paper roll.