|Full name||Robson de Souza|
|Date of birth||25 January 1984|
|Place of birth||São Vicente,Brazil|
|Height||Script error: No such module "convert".|
(on loan from Milan)
|2010||→ Santos (loan)||2||(0)|
|2014–||→ Santos (loan)||20||(6)|
Robson de Souza (Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈʁɔpsõ] or [ˈʁɔbisõ d(ʒi) ˈsowzɐ], born 25 January 1984), more commonly known as Robinho (Brazilian Portuguese: [ʁɔˈbĩɲu]), is a Brazilian professional footballer who plays as a forward for Santos FC on loan from A.C. Milan. He is known for his ball control, attacking instinct and dribbling.
In 1999, at only 15 years of age, Robinho was personally picked by Brazil legend Pelé as his heir apparent and went on to lead Santos FC to their first Campeonato Brasileiro title since Pelé himself played for the club. Since then, he has won a second title with Santos and two more with Spanish club Real Madrid. He won the Italian Serie A title in his first season at Milan. Robinho has won one Copa América title and two Confederations Cups with the Brazilian national team, and played at two World Cups.
- 1 Club career
- 2 International career
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Career statistics
- 5 Honours
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Born in São Vicente, São Paulo State, Robinho signed his first professional contract with Santos FC in 2002 at the age of 18. He made 24 appearances in his debut season and scored one goal as Santos won the 2002 Campeonato Brasileiro. He reached the final of the 2003 Copa Libertadores with Santos, but lost in the final to Boca Juniors. In 2004, Robinho finished with 21 goals in 37 games and led Santos to win another Campeonato Brasileiro.
His form had brought him to the attention of many European clubs in the summer of 2004, but Robinho remained with Santos after the Brazilian club rejected all offers. His form suffered in the 2005 season, however, after his mother, Marina da Silva Souza, was kidnapped by gunmen at her Praia Grande home on 6 November; she was released unharmed six weeks later after a ransom was paid.
Robinho scored nine goals in 12 league games, and his value continued to increase as his talent became more and more apparent to the powers of European football. Santos began to realize it would become increasingly difficult to hold on to their star player. In July 2005, Spanish giants Real Madrid signed Robinho by agreeing to pay a fee equal to 60 percent of the buyout clause in his contract belonging to Santos (€24m).
Robinho earned the No. 10 shirt for Real Madrid, previously worn by Luís Figo. He ended up making 37 appearances and scored 14 goals in his first season. At the start of the 2006–07 season, Robinho spent much of the first few months of the season selected as a substitute by manager Fabio Capello, even after being Man of the Match in the first Clásico against FC Barcelona that year. Only after the winter break did Robinho find himself in the starting XI and he played a crucial role as Real Madrid won their 30th league title. That title was the third league title of Robinho's career.
Capello was subsequently fired, however, and Bernd Schuster was appointed as head coach of Real Madrid. Robinho finished with 11 league goals and eight assists for Madrid in the 2007–08 La Liga season as well as four goals during Real Madrid's Champions League campaign. Robinho then got injured at the beginning of the second half of the season. He did not recover fully enough to help Madrid against Roma in the Champions League. The week before though, Robinho saved Real Madrid's La Liga title hopes with a two-goal performance on 3 March 2008, as Madrid defeated Recreativo de Huelva away from home. That game kept a resurgent Barcelona at bay and ultimately secured Real Madrid's 31st league title and Robinho's fourth.
Robinho was Real Madrid's third highest scorer during his Madrid years, behind strikers Raúl and Ruud van Nistelrooy. He was also the player with the second most assists, behind Guti, and the only Madrid player, along with goalkeeper Iker Casillas, to finish in the top ten of the Ballon d'Or and FIFA World Player of the Year nominations for 2007–08.
Real Madrid President Ramón Calderón had promised to negotiate a new contract with Robinho at the midpoint of the 2007–08 season, which never materialised. Calderón, however, insisted talks would occur in the summer; again Calderón went back on his word. Robinho subsequently revealed talks never began because Madrid hoped to use him as part of the deal to bring Cristiano Ronaldo to Real Madrid in the summer of 2008. After the failed move for Ronaldo, Madrid finally attempted to negotiate a new contract with Robinho, which he rejected and led to him wanting a transfer to Chelsea.
On 1 September 2008, the final day of the Premier League summer transfer window, Robinho completed a €42,500,000 (£33,000,000) move to Manchester City, on a four-year deal. This occurred on the same day the club was bought out by the Arab investment company Abu Dhabi United Group.
He had previously been linked with a transfer to Chelsea, and he had emphasised his desire to play for the London club up to the eve of the transfer. On 27 August, Chelsea Chief Executive Peter Kenyon said that the club were "confident" that the transaction would go through, and Madrid had also given their consent for the player to leave. Robinho's expectancy to move to Chelsea was such that upon signing for Manchester City he accidentally stated "On the last day, Chelsea made a great proposal and I accepted." To this a reporter replied: "You mean Manchester, right?". "Yeah, Manchester, sorry!" answered Robinho.
In an interview with The Guardian, Robinho stated that Manchester City being a big club and the presence of Brazilian friends Jô and Elano were incentives for him to join the team. He made his team debut and scored his very first Premier League goal on 13 September 2008, coincidentally in a 3–1 home defeat to Chelsea. On 26 October, he scored his first Premier League hat-trick against Stoke City, and he scored his first European goal for Manchester City in a 3–2 UEFA Cup group stage win over Twente on 6 November. He was given the captain's armband for the match against Hull City, due to Richard Dunne's suspension, which ended in a 2–2 draw.
On 19 April, he scored his 13th league goal for Manchester City in the 2–1 win away at Everton on 25 April, Manchester City's first away win since 31 August 2008. The following week, he scored his third consecutive goal in three games, against Blackburn Rovers, to help Manchester City to a 3–1 win. Robinho finished the season as Manchester City's top goal scorer with 14 and the fourth top scorer in the league.
His second season at Manchester City did not go as well. He missed three months of the season due to injury and only played 12 games in total (10 in the Premier League), and scored one goal (against lower league club Scunthorpe United in the FA Cup). Due to this, he fell down the pecking order and sought a move away from the club in the January transfer window.
Return to Santos (Loan)
On 28 January 2010, Robinho returned to his home club Santos due to moving down the pecking order at Manchester City, joining them on a six-month loan deal. He had publicly stated that at Manchester City he would play every other game, and because of the upcoming World Cup, he wanted to play every game, and so returned to Brazil with Santos after declining a move to São Paulo FC. On his return to Santos, Robinho scored a backheel against aforementioned admirers São Paulo with five minutes to spare to complete a 2–1 victory for the Peixe. In the final match of his loan deal on 4 August, Robinho helped Santos win the Copa Brasil. Although Santos lost 2–1 to Vitória, they won the tie 3–2 on aggregate to win the competition for the first time in their history. Shortly afterwards, Robinho stated that he wanted to remain with Santos rather than return to England. Manchester City, however, refused to extend the loan deal and Santos failed to make a transfer bid.
Robinho returned to training with Manchester City in August 2010 but stated that he was seeking a move away from the club before the end of the summer transfer window on 31 August. Fenerbahçe and Beşiktaş in Turkey opened transfer negotiations with City, but Robinho rejected a move to Turkish football, declaring that he would rather move to a club in Spain or Italy.
On 31 August 2010, Robinho moved to Milan from Manchester City for a fee of £15,000,000 (€18,000,000), signing a four-year contract. He made his debut as a substitute in a 2–0 defeat to newly promoted Cesena. He started his first game with Milan in their 1–0 win over Genoa. He scored his first goal in injury time against Chievo to make the score 3–1 on 16 October 2010. He continued his goalscoring form with a goal the following week in a Serie A match against Napoli on 25 October 2010. He then scored the first goal for Milan against Sampdoria, but Giampaolo Pazzini equalised on the hour mark to end as a draw. On 4 December 2010, he scored the second goal for Milan against Brescia in their 3–0 win at the San Siro. Eight days later, on 12 December, he again scored the second goal in a 3–0 victory for Milan against Bologna. He scored his first goal of 2011 against Bari to give Milan another 3–0 victory. On 29 January, he scored against Catania following a deflection from a Zlatan Ibrahimović free kick to give Milan a 1–0 lead, then assisted Ibrahimović to give Milan a 2–0 win. On 12 February 2011, he scored his first brace for Milan against Parma to help Milan to a 4–0 win. Against Cagilari, Robinho scored a brace in the 37th week of Serie-A on 14 May 2011, leading to celebrations of the Scudetto winners after the match.
He started the 2011–12 Serie A season well, taking part in Milan's win over Internazionale in the Supercoppa Italiana. Scoring 11 goals in all competitions, Robinho helped Milan to a second-place finish in the Serie A.
After Alexandre Pato took the number 9 jersey at Milan following the departure of club legend Filippo Inzaghi, Robinho was handed the number 7 jersey that previously belonged to Pato. Robinho started in Milan's first game of the 2012–13 Serie A against Sampdoria but was replaced by Urby Emanuelson due to an injury. Robinho made his comeback as a substitute against Cagliari, where Milan won 2–0. Four days later, Milan drew against Parma in an away match where Robinho came on as a substitute. Robinho came on as a substitute again against Internazionale, but Milan eventually lost 1–0. Robinho was then injured in training and was sidelined for the next 5 games. He made his comeback against Málaga as a substitute in the 80th minute; the game ended as a draw. He scored his first goal of the season against Juventus, which was the winner in a 1–0 victory on 25 November 2012.
Robinho was close to signing with Brazilian club Santos in both January 2013 and July 2013 but the move fell through on both occasions due to the player's wage demands. On both occasions Santos managed to reach an agreement with Milan over the transfer fee.
On 18 July 2013, Robinho signed a new contract with Milan on a reduced wage, keeping him with the Rossoneri until 2016. His previous deal was set to expire on the 30th of June, 2014.
Robinho suffered a groin strain early in the pre-season against Valencia on 27 July 2013, which disrupted his preparation for the upcoming season. Before he got injured in the match he missed a penalty, but scored a goal from open play less than a minute later.
On 22 October, Robinho scored the opening goal in the UEFA Champions League match against Group H favorites Barcelona, from a pass by his compatriot Kaká. However, after Lionel Messi's equalizer, he missed an excellent opportunity to score another goal in the second half, after which the match ended in a 1-1 draw.
Robinho scored his only goal in Milan's Coppa Italia campaign at the San Siro in the quarter-finals against Spezia on 15 January 2014. He opened the scoring with a close-range header in a 3-1 victory against the Serie B club. In February, an injury of his left thigh prevented him from playing in the first leg of the Champions League first knockout round against Atlético Madrid. He made a substitute appearance during the second leg in Spain, but was unable to prevent a 5-1 aggregate defeat against the Rojiblancos.
Second return to Santos
On 6 August 2014, Robinho arrived in São Paulo–Guarulhos International Airport and subsequently returned to Santos FC in a one-year loan deal. Despite being out of new coach Filippo Inzaghi's plans, the Italian side still will pay Robinho's wages: while Peixe pays R$600,000 per month, AC Milan pays another R$400,000.
Robinho was presented on the following day, stating a desire to play in the following match (against fierce rivals Corinthians). He made his re-debut for Peixe on 10 August, starting in a 0–1 eventual home loss.
Robinho scored his first goal after his return four days later, netting the first and assisting Rildo in a 2–0 home success over Londrina for the Copa do Brasil championship. His second goal came on the 29th, in a 2–0 away win over Grêmio for the same tournament.
On 13 September Robinho scored his first Brasileirão goal, netting his side's second in a 2–1 home win over Coritiba. He scored again on September 21, with a left footed strike in a 3-1 victory over Figueirense.
Robinho earned his first cap for Brazil in the 2003 CONCACAF Gold Cup match on 13 July, which Brazil lost 1–0 to Mexico. Although Brazil chose to send their under-23 team, the CONCACAF Gold Cup matches are considered as full international matches by FIFA. He was part of Brazil squad for 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup, which Brazil went on to win. During the tournament, Robinho partnered Adriano in attack and scored in group matches against Greece and Japan.
Robinho was named in Brazil's squad for the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany. During the tournament, Robinho was mainly used as a substitute, with the established forwards Ronaldo, Ronaldinho, Adriano and Kaká starting in attack. However, Robinho was named in the starting line-up for Brazil's third group match; a 4–1 defeat of Japan. He made a third substitute appearance of the tournament in Brazil's 1–0 quarter-final defeat by France.
In the absence of Brazil's World Cup forwards, Robinho was a regular starter for the team at the 2007 Copa América a year later. For the tournament, he wore the No. 11 shirt, the same number that his childhood hero Romário wore. Robinho scored all four of Brazil's group stage goals via a hat-trick in Brazil's 3–0 group stage match against Chile, and a penalty in a 1–0 win over Ecuador. He then scored two goals in a 6–1 quarter-final thrashing of Chile. Brazil went on to win the tournament, beating Argentina 3–0 in the final. Robinho reaped the individual honours, finishing as the Golden Boot winner in addition to being named the best player of the tournament.
In 2009, he was a member of the Brazil team that won the 2009 Confederations Cup in South Africa. He played in every game in the competition, as Brazil defeated the United States 3–2 in the final to win the tournament.
Robinho was named in Brazil's squad for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, where he played alongside Luís Fabiano in attack. He scored in the second round match against Chile as Brazil won 3–0 to advance to the quarter-finals. He then scored the opener in the quarter-final match against the Netherlands, but Brazil eventually lost 2–1 and was eliminated.
On 31 October 2013, after a hiatus of two years, Robinho was recalled to the Seleção by coach Luiz Felipe Scolari. He took part in two games against Honduras and Chile, on November 16 and 19, respectively. During the game against Chile, he scored his first goal since 2011 for the Brazilian national squad. However, he was not included in Scolari's squad for the 2014 FIFA World Cup.
After the World Cup, returning coach Dunga recalled Robinho to the Brazilian national squad. On 6 September 2014, Robinho played 13 minutes as a substitute in Brazil's 1–0 win against Colombia in New Jersey.
Sexual assault allegations
In October 2014, Robinho was accused of participating in the gang rape of an 18-year-old female student the previous year. He has since released a statement denying any involvement in the incident through a YouTube video.
- As of 25 May 2015.
|Real Madrid||2005–06||La Liga||37||8||6||4||—||8[d]||0||—||51||12|
|Manchester City||2008–09||Premier League||31||14||0||0||0||0||10[f]||1||0||0||41||15|
|Santos (loan)||2010||Série A||2||0||8||6||—||0||0||12||5||22||11|
|Santos (loan)||2014||Série A||16||4||5||5||—||0||0||0||0||21||9|
- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A (2): 2002, 2004
- Campeonato Paulista (2): 2010, 2015
- Copa do Brasil (1): 2010
- Real Madrid
- FIFA Confederations Cup: 2005, 2009
- Copa América: 2007
- CONCACAF Gold Cup: Silver 2003
- Superclásico de las Américas: 2014
- Copa América: 2007 – Golden Ball (best player of the tournament)
- Copa América: 2007 – Golden Shoe (Top scorer)
- Bola de Ouro: 2004
- World Soccer Young Player of the Year: 2004–05
- South American Team of the Year: 2002, 2003, 2004
- Campeonato Paulista Team of the year: 2015
- "Player Profile". ESPN Soccernet. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Robinho Official football website Invalid language code.
- Pelé pede validação de títulos nacionais do Santos nos anos 60 UOL Esporte Invalid language code.
- Footballer's plea for kidnapped mother The Guardian
- "Real add Robinho to their galaxy". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 January 2008.[dead link]
- Spanish Primera División – Top Assists – 2007/2008 ESPN Soccernet
- Spanish Primera División – Top Assists – 2007/2008 ESPN Soccernet
- La Liga Week 26: Robinho saves Real Madrid, Agüero destroys Barcelona Soccerlens – The best in football
- Real Madrid's Robinho reveals Cristiano Ronaldo swap deal. mirrorfootball.co.uk. 2 June 2008. Retrieved 3 June 2008.
- Robinho hints at Ronaldo swap. Metro (British newspaper).
- "Arab group agrees Man City deal". BBC Sport. 1 September 2008. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
- "Robinho joins City" (Press release). mcfc.co.uk. 2 September 2008. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
- "Man City beat Chelsea to Robinho". BBC Sport. 1 September 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2008.
- "Robinho intent on joining Chelsea" (Press release). BBC Sport. 31 August 2008. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
- "Chelsea set to seal Robinho deal". BBC Sport. 27 August 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2008.
- "Robinho makes Man City move gaffe". BBC Sport. 4 September 2008. Retrieved 4 September 2008.
- Man City 1–3 Chelsea BBC Sport, 13 September 2008
- "Robinho puts gloss on Manchester City". The Times. 27 October 2008.
- "Manchester City's Robinho to join Santos on loan". BBC News. 28 January 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- Daniel Taylor (24 January 2010). "Robinho wants to go home to Santos after dismal time at Manchester City". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- "Robinho scores on Santos return". Skysports.com. 7 February 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- Ashley Gray (8 February 2010). "Robinho's second coming: Manchester City flop nets winning goal in dream Santos return". Daily Mail (UK). Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- "Robinho wants to extend Santos deal after ending six-month loan with Copa Brasil glory". The Daily Telegraph (London). 5 August 2010. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- "Robinho pleads with Manchester City to let him leave after Santos transfer talks collapse". The Daily Telegraph (London). 30 July 2010. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- Mole, Giles (25 August 2010). "Robinho back in training with Manchester City as he seeks move to Italy or Spain". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- Taylor, Daniel (24 August 2010). "Robinho turns down moves to Besiktas and Fenerbahce". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- "Official: Mi Manda Pele". A.C. Milan official website. 31 August 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "AC Milan complete deal for Robinho". The Independent (London). 31 August 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "AC Milan 1–0 Juventus: Robinho scores controversial penalty for the Rossoneri". Retrieved 2 December 2012.
- "ROBINHO, A.C. MILAN COMUNICATO UFFICIALE" (in Italian). A.C. Milan. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "Robinho injury concerns Milan". Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- "AC Milan 1-1 Barcelona: Messi strikes to deny Rossoneri". Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- "Robinho and Abate injured". Retrieved 27 November 2013.
- "World Cup hopeful Robinho scores again for AC Milan". Retrieved 15 January 2014.
- "Robinho Injury: Updates on AC Milan Star's Thigh and Return". Retrieved 11 February 2014.
- Robinho chega ao Brasil para acerto e cartola fala em 'presente ao Santos' (Robinho arrives in Brazil to reach agreement and businessman speaks about 'gift to Santos'); UOL Esporte, 6 August 2014 Invalid language code.
- Santos ganha presentes do Milan para ter Robinho de volta (Santos wins gifts from Milan to have Robinho back); UOL Esporte, 6 August 2014 Invalid language code.
- Robinho chega ao Santos e quer jogar contra Corinthians (Robinho arrives at Santos and wants to play against Corinthians); O Estado de S. Paulo, 7 August 2014 Invalid language code.
- Com um a mais, Corinthians bate Santos e estraga festa de Robinho (With one more, Corinthians defeats Santos and bitters Robinho's party); Globo Esporte, 10 August 2014 Invalid language code.
- Com gol e assistência de Robinho, Santos despacha Londrina na Vila (With Robinho's goal and assist, Santos kicks out Londrina in Vila); Globo Esporte, 14 August 2014 Invalid language code.
- Dawkes, Phil (28 June 2009). "US 2–3 Brazil". BBC Sport. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
- Fletcher, Paul (29 June 2010). "Brazil 3–0 Chile". BBC Sport. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
- "Holders Brazil held by Paraguay in Copa America". CNN. 10 July 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Robinho volta à seleção após 2 anos; Lucas fica fora de amistosos
- "No surprises as Scolari names Brazil's World Cup squad". Sydney Morning Herald. 8 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- "Brazil 1-0 Colombia". The Guardian. 6 September 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- Chetwynd, Gareth (10 November 2004). "Footballer's plea for kidnapped mother". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 8 January 2011.
- "Abductors free Robinho's mother". Rediff. 17 December 2004. Retrieved 8 January 2011.
- "Nasce segundo filho de Robinho". ListOwn. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
- "No charges after Robinho arrest". BBC News. 6 April 2009. Retrieved 13 May 2010.
- "Robinho". AC Milan. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
- "Seleção Brasileira (Brazilian National Team) 2004–2005". Rsssfbrasil.com. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- "Seleção Brasileira (Brazilian National Team) 2006–2007". Rsssfbrasil.com. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- "Seleção Brasileira (Brazilian National Team) 2008–2009". Rsssfbrasil.com. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- "Seleção Brasileira Restritiva (Brazilian National Restrictive Team) 2000–2003". Rsssfbrasil.com. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
- "Seleção Brasileira Restritiva (Brazilian National Restrictive Team) 2004–2008". Rsssfbrasil.com. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- "South American Team of the Year". 16 January 2009. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- "Finalistas, Palmeiras e Santos dominam a seleção do Paulistão" [Finalists, Palmeiras and Santos dominate Paulistão's team of the year] (in português). Globo Esporte. 30 April 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Robinho.|
- Robinho career statistics at Soccerbase
- Robinho – FIFA competition record
- Complete International Record at RSSSF
- Robinho Profile and Stats – Football Database
- Robinho official website – Official Robinho website
- Robinho Stats – Futpédia
- Robinho Profile – sambafoot.com