Adverts

Open Access Articles- Top Results for Sailing at the 1956 Summer Olympics

Sailing at the 1956 Summer Olympics

Sailing
at the Games of the Script error: No such module "Roman". Olympiad
Venues Port Phillip Bay
Dates First race: 26 November 1956 (1956-11-26)
Last race: 5 December 1956 (1956-12-05)
Sailors 153 from 28 countries
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "#". 71
Top ranked countries
22x20px Sweden: File:Gold medal icon.svg  File:Silver medal icon.svg  File:Bronze medal icon.svg  
22x20px Denmark: File:Gold medal icon.svg  File:Silver medal icon.svg  File:Bronze medal icon.svg  
22x20px United States: File:Gold medal icon.svg  File:Silver medal icon.svg  File:Bronze medal icon.svg  
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "#".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "#".

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Greece. With the exception of 1904 and possible 1916 sailing was always a part of the Olympic program. The Sailing program of 1956 consisted of a total of five sailing classes (disciplines). For each class seven races were scheduled from 26 November to 5 December 1956 at Port Phillip Bay.

The sailing was done on the triangular type Olympic courses. The start was made in the center of a set of 8 numbered marks that were places in a circle. During the starting procedure the sequence of the marks was communicated to the sailors. By picking the mark that was most upwind the start could always be made upwind. This system is, at least in certain German lakes, still in use.

Venue

Port Phillip Bay a natural bay of about Script error: No such module "convert". of water, free of reefs a mere Script error: No such module "convert". from the Main Stadium of the Olympics. One can enter the bay from the Southern Ocean a narrow gap of about 3 km. Therefore the course areas are almost free of tidal streams. However there is a 0.5 m tidal rise. The winds are ideal for sailing. The predominant southerlies generates light airs in the morning. It freshens in the afternoon to up to Script error: No such module "convert"., and then easing and backing south-east in the evening.

Three circular courses were planned for the northern end of Port Phillip Bay, each using the 1936 system with 8 fixed buoy's with the start in the middle of the circle. At Sandringham for the Finn a course length of approximately Script error: No such module "convert". was used. For the 12 square metres and Star the length was set to about Script error: No such module "convert".. The Dragon and 5.5 Metre were using a course length of Script error: No such module "convert"..

Competition

Overview

Continents Countries Classes Boats Male Female
5 29 5 71 153 0

Continents

Countries

File:Sailingmap OG 1956.png
Countries that participated in the Sailing event of the 1956 Olympic Games.
Blue: Water
Gray: Never participated in OG
Dark Gray: Participated in earlier OG
Green: Country participated for the first time
Dark Blue: Country participated also on previous games
Red: Country boycotted the sailing event of the OG
Argentina Argentina (ARG) Australia Australia (AUS) Austria Austria (AUT)
Bahamas Bahamas (BAH) Belgium Belgium (BEL) Bermuda Bermuda (BER)
Burma Burma (BIR) Brazil Brazil (BRA) Canada Canada (CAN)
Cuba Cuba (CUB) Denmark Denmark (DEN) Fiji Fiji (FIJ)
Finland Finland (FIN) France France (FRA) Great Britain Great Britain (GBR)
Germany Germany (GER) Greece Greece (GRE) Ireland Ireland (IRL)
Italy Italy (ITA) Norway Norway (NOR) New Zealand New Zealand (NZL)
Portugal Portugal (POR) South Africa South Africa (RSA) Singapore Singapore (SIN)
Sweden Sweden (SWE) Thailand Thailand (THA) Soviet Union Soviet Union (URS)
United States United States (USA)

Classes (equipment)

Class Type Event Sailors Trapeze Mainsail Jib/Genoa Spinnaker First OG Olympics so far
Finn Dinghy 9px 1 0 + 1952 2
12m2 Sharpie Dinghy 9px 2 0 + + 1956 1
Star Keelboat 9px 2 0 + + 1932 5
Dragon Keelboat 9px 3 0 + + + 1948 3
5.5 Metre Keelboat 9px 3 0 + + + 1952 2

13px = Male, 15px = Female, 9px = Open

1956 Olympic Classes designs
 

Medal summary

Event Gold Silver Bronze
 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="align:center;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. x20px
1956: Finn
details

 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Denmark Denmark (DEN)
Paul Elvstrøm #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Belgium Belgium (BEL)
André Nelis #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.United States United States (USA)
John Marvin
 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="align:center;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. x20px
1956: 12m² Sharpie
details

 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.New Zealand New Zealand (NZL)
Peter Mander
Jack Cropp #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Australia Australia (AUS)
Rolland Tasker
John Scott #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Great Britain Great Britain (GBR)
Jasper Blackall
Terence Smith
 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="align:center;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. x20px
1956: Star
details

 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.United States United States (USA)
Herbert Williams
Lawrence Low #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Italy Italy (ITA)
Agostino Straulino
Nicolò Rode #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Bahamas Bahamas (BAH)
Durward Knowles
Sloane Farrington
 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="align:center;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. x20px
1956: Dragon
details

 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Sweden Sweden (SWE)
Folke Bohlin
Bengt Palmquist
Leif Wikström #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Denmark Denmark (DEN)
Ole Berntsen
Cyril Andresen
Christian von Bülow #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Great Britain Great Britain (GBR)
Graham Mann
Ronald Backus
Jonathan Janson
 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.-

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="align:center;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. x20px
1956: 5.5 Metre
details

 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Sweden Sweden (SWE)
Lars Thörn
Hjalmar Karlsson
Sture Stork #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Great Britain Great Britain (GBR)
Robert Perry
David Bowker
John Dillon
Neil Kennedy-Cochran-Patrick #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.style="vertical-align:top;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Australia Australia (AUS)
Jock Sturrock
Douglas Buxton
Devereaux Mytton

Medal tables

Sailing 1956

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Sweden Sweden (SWE) 2 0 0 2
2 Denmark Denmark (DEN) 1 1 0 2
3 United States United States (USA) 1 0 1 2
4 New Zealand New Zealand (NZL) 1 0 0 1
5 Great Britain Great Britain (GBR) 0 1 2 3
6 Australia Australia (AUS) 0 1 1 2
7 Belgium Belgium (BEL) 0 1 0 1
Italy Italy (ITA) 0 1 0 1
9 Bahamas Bahamas (BAH) 0 0 1 1
Total 5 5 5 15

Sailing 1896–1956

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 23x15px Norway 14 9 1 24
2 23x15px Great Britain 11 5 5 21
3 23x15px Sweden 7 7 7 21
4 23x15px United States 7 3 3 13
5 23x15px France 5 7 7 19
6 23x15px Denmark 3 4 1 8
7 23x15px Netherlands 3 3 4 10
8 23x15px Belgium 2 3 1 6
9 23x15px Italy 2 1 0 3
10 23x15px Germany 1 2 2 5
11 23x15px New Zealand 1 0 0 1
23x16px  Switzerland 1 0 0 1
Mixed team Mixed team (ZZX) 1 0 0 1
14 23x15px Finland 0 1 5 6
15 23x15px Australia 0 1 1 2
23x15px Canada 0 1 1 2
23x15px Portugal 0 1 1 2
18 23x15px Argentina 0 1 0 1
23x15px Bahamas 0 0 1 1
23x15px Cuba 0 1 0 1
21 23x15px Spain 0 0 1 1
23x15px Estonia 0 0 1 1
23x15px Russia 0 0 1 1
Total 23 58 50 43 151

Remarks

Olympic boycott

1956 was the first time in history that several countries decided to boycott the Olympics. The boycott that influenced the sailing the most was probably that of The Netherlands, Spain, and Switzerland. They withdrew to protest against the Soviet Union invasion of Hungary during the 1956 Hungarian Revolution and Soviet presence at the Games. At that time The Netherlands dominated at the International competition in the 12m2 Sharpie.

Sailing

  • This Olympic sailing event was gender independent, but tuned out to be a Mens only event. This was one of the triggers to create gender specific events. This however had to wait until 1988.
  • Classes were hosted by several local yacht clubs:
    • Sandringham Yacht Club: Finn
    • Elwood Sailing Club: 12m2 Sharpie
    • Royal St. Kilda Yacht Club: Star
    • Royal Brighton Yacht Club: Dragon
    • Royal Yacht Club of Victoria: 5.5 Metre
  • The Royal St. Kilda Yacht Club was also the Sailing Headquarters
  • Thirty-five Finn boats were built by a Melbourne firm of yacht builders. Other than in Helsinki, they were cold moulded shells of Queensland maple veneer. The mast and boom were of sitka spruce.
  • The weather, throughout the series, was fine, with moderate sea breezes and pleasant sunshine. Except on 29 November th when the races in the Finn were postponed, several 12m2 Meter Sharpies capzised, only 5 out of 13 Sharpies could finish and the 5.5 Metre's of the Soviet Union and South Africa were dismasted.
  • The courses were set by the Royal Australian Navy. The vessels: H.M.A.S. Warramunga, H.M.A.S. Swan and H.M.A.S. Sprightly acted as starting vessels.

Sailors

During the Sailing regatta's at the 1956 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:

At the 1956 Olympic Games

Notes

References