|Chairperson||Mulayam Singh Yadav|
|Lok Sabha leader||Mulayam Singh|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Ram Gopal Yadav|
|Founded||4 October 1992|
|Headquarters||18 Copernicus Lane, New Delhi|
|ECI Status||State Party|
Left Front (1992-2015) |
Janata Parivar (2015-present)
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
|Seats in Template:If empty|
Politics of India|
Samajwadi Party (SP; translation: Socialist Party; founded 4 October 1992) is a recognised state political party in India based in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh (UP). It describes itself as a democratic socialist party .
The Samajwadi Party was one of several parties that emerged when the Janata Dal (People's League), fragmented into several regional parties. The Samajwadi Party is led by Mulayam Singh Yadav, who is a former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
The Samajwadi Party primarily based in Uttar Pradesh State. It has contested Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections around the country, though its successes have been mainly in Uttar Pradesh. In the assembly election in Madhya Pradesh in 2003, the Samajwadi Party gained 7 seats, making it the third largest party in the state. When its candidate won the by-election of Lanji (Balaghat) in 2007, its total tally reached 8.
In the 16th Lok Sabha, it currently has only 4 members(Mulayam Singh Yadav won from 2 seats and resigned from Mainpuri).
In the 2007 Uttar Pradesh legislative election, the SP won only 96 seats as compared to 146 in the previous election. As a result, Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav had to resign, with his rival Mayawati, leader of the BSP (which won a majority of 207 seats), sworn in as the Chief Minister.
In the 2012 legislative assembly elections of Uttar Pradesh, SP registered a landslide victory with a clear majority in the House, thus enabling it to form the Government in the state. This was expected to be the fifth term of Mulayam Singh Yadav as Chief Minister of state, but he surprised everyone by selecting his son, Akhilesh Yadav, to be the new chief minister (the youngest ever). It became official on March 15. It was also the first time that SP was head of the UP government for a full term of 5 years.
Position in state and national politics
The Samajawadi Party was providing outside support to the United Progressive Alliance government till the sixteenth general election, After sixteenth general election its support becomes insignificant as NDA becomes largest alliance. It contested the 2009 general election in alliance with the Rashtriya Janata Dal and the Lok Janshakti Party of Bihar.
In the last general election Samajwadi Party was crushed to defeat by the BJP in Uttar Pradesh, With party chief Mulayam Singh openly admitting the defeat. It is currently thirteenth largest party in parliament. In general elections in 2014, it won only 5 seats, Indian National Congress with 44 seats and the Bharatiya Janata Party getting a clear mandate of 281 seats.
In April 2014, Save Family Foundation encouraged voters to support Samajwadi Party or vote none of the above because Samajwadi Party has stated that it opposes the alleged misuse of gender bias laws.
Muzzaffar Nagar riots
The clashes between the Hindu and Muslim communities in Muzaffarnagar district, Uttar Pradesh, India in August - September 2013, resulted in at least 49 deaths and injured 93 and left more than 50,000 displaced. By 17 September, the curfew was lifted from all riot affected areas and the army was also withdrawn.
The riot has been described as "the worst violence in Uttar Pradesh in recent history," with the army, as a result, being deployed in the state for the first time in last 20 years. Supreme Court of India while hearing petitions in relation to the riots held the Akhilesh Yadav led Samajwadi Party, prima facie guilty of negligence in preventing the violence and ordered it to immediately arrest all those accused irrespective of their political affiliation. Court also blamed the Central government for its failure to provide intelligence inputs to the Samajwadi Party-ruled state government in time to help sound alerts.
Notable SP figures
- Akhilesh Yadav, Chief Minister in UP Government and State President UP
- Shivpal Singh Yadav, senior member, P.W.D. Minister in UP Government
- Azam Khan, senior member, Minority Welfare, Parliamentary affairs, Urban development Minister in UP Government, Muslim Face of Samajwadi Party
- Dharmendra Yadav, MP from Badaun, cousin of Akhilesh Yadav is a young dynamic core member of the Party, and is tha main organiser of the Party, he is know all over the state for enormous developement of Badaun in last 7 years. He represented India in UN, and became only third person to speak in Hindi in UN Conference.
- Rajendra Chaudhary, Senior Cabinet Minister, Party spokesperson of Uttar Pradesh 
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